The flashcards below were created by user Yleana_2014 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. disenfranchise
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To prevent a person or group of people from voting; to take away someone's right to vote
    • SENTENCE: Some people in the US still wish to disenfranchise "minorities" such as women, people of non-white descent, and gay people, barring them from participating in the political process.
  2. coerce
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to make someone do something through the use of force or threats; to force someone to act or think in a certain way by use of pressure, threats, or torture
    • SENTENCE: Stalin used terror to coerce the Russian people into unquestioningly following his leadership.
    • SYNONYMS: force, urge, intimidate
    • ANTONYMS: leave alone, follow
  3. egalitarian
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: Favoring social equality; structure based on the belief in a society in which all people have equal political, economic, and civil rights
    • SENTENCE: Utopian thinkers and leaders have long dreamed of creating egalitarian communities, but no one has yet been able to propose a workable model on which to build them.
    • SYNONYMS: equitable, democratic, impartial
    • ANTONYMS: unequal, varying
  4. belligerent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: an aggressively hostile and warlike character; overly willing to fight or make war
    • SENTENCE: When North Korea is often seen as a belligerent little cousin on the world stage, unwilling to cooperate with anyone and yet constantly threatening others.
    • SYNONYMS: aggressive, cantankerous, antagonistic
    • ANTONYMS: cooperative, kind, helping
  5. inquisition
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A severe interrogation or systematic questioning, esp. about a person's or a people's beliefs
    • SENTENCE: Senator McCarthy conducted an inquisition in the 1950s to weed out Communists, who he thought were all working together to undermine the American way of life.
    • SYNONYMS: interrogation, questioning, inquiry
  6. ameliorate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To make a bad situation or action better; to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory
    • SENTENCE: Amelia was able to ameliorate the tense situation by speaking calmly and addressing all of the issues individually.
    • SYNONYMS: assuage, mollify, mitigate
    • ANTONYMS: worsen, hurt, aggravate
  7. exacerbate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To make a bad situation or action worse; to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of
    • SENTENCE: Syd thought she was helping calm the heated class discussion by calling Tom out on his tiny logical error, but that only served to exacerbate his bad temper and aggressive behavior.
    • SYNONYMS: aggravate, exasperate, worsen
    • ANTONYMS: ameliorate, assuage, mollify, mitigate
  8. contiguous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Sharing an edge or boundary; immediately next to or touching another, usually similar, thing
    • SENTENCE: Hawaii and Alaska are the only two states in the USA that are not contiguous with any other. adjacent, bordering
    • SYNONYMS: adjacent, bordering
    • ANTONYMS: divided, separated
  9. desiccate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To thoroughly dry out; to make lifeless, totally arid; also, to preserve (a food) through the act of drying
    • SENTENCE: The Dry Valleys, a number of snowless valleys in Antarctica, exist because 100 mph downwinds desiccate all moisture.
    • SYNONYMS: dry, dehydrate
    • ANTONYMS: moisten, wet, moisturize
  10. pertinent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: relating directly to the subject being considered; pertaining to the matter at hand
    • SENTENCE: Bradley, Kim's lawyer, hoped to distract the jury by bringing in a number of people to testify about unrelated events, but the judge demanded that he only ask pertinent questions.
    • SYNONYMS: relevant, applicable, pertaining
    • ANTONYMS: irrelevant, pointless, trivial, unrelated
  11. complicity
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: Association or participation in a wrongful act; involvement in a crime or wrongful act
    • SENTENCE: Because Kate had been home alone and asleep while her brother broke into the pawn shop, there was no evidence to prove that she had no complicity in his crimes when his lawyer accused her.
    • SYNONYMS: collaboration, collusion, involvement
    • ANTONYMS: innocence, ignorance, noninvolvement.
  12. exonerate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To free from prison, guilt, or blame; to prove that someone is not guilty of a crime or responsible for a problem; to relieve of an obligation, duty, task, also to free from prison
    • SENTENCE: Nelson Mandela, revolutionary president and reformer of South Africa, served 27 years in prison for his political beliefs before then-President F. W. de Klerk exonerated him.
    • SYNONYMS: absolve, acquit, vindicate
    • ANTONYMS: condemn, charge, blame
  13. exculpate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to clear from charges of guilt or fault; to remove blame and therefore punishment from someone
    • SENTENCE: It was not for lack of trying that Jade's lawyer failed to exculpate her from the charges of fraud, but rather because Jade was actually guilty.
  14. indisputable
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Not open to question; obviously true and undeniable
    • SENTENCE: Some people are not even willing to accept the evidence that dinosaurs roamed the earth millions of years ago, which everyone else agrees is indisputable.
    • SYNONYMS: absolute, actual, incontrovertible
    • ANTONYMS: dubious, questionable, doubtful
  15. precedent
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: An act or instance that is used as an example in dealing with later similar instances
    • SENTENCE: The recent Hobby Lobby Supreme Court decision has set a precedent that supports people following their religious beliefs, even if that means denying other people their rights.
    • SYNONYMS: antecedent, model, example
    • ANTONYMS: subsequent, following
  16. unprecedented
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Without previous example; describing something that has never happened before
    • SENTENCE: The mayor made the almost unprecedented move of giving millions of additional dollars to the arts in the hopes of attracting new artists and art businesses to the city.
    • SYNONYMS: unparalleled, unique, remarkable
    • ANTONYMS: mundane, usual, unexceptional
  17. malfeasance
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: Misconduct or wrongdoing, esp. by a public official
    • SENTENCE: After being convicted of malfeasance, the ex-State Treasurer could not even get a job at a coffee shop, because all of the business owners were worried he would try to rob them.
    • SYNONYMS: misconduct, impropriety, misbehavior
    • ANTONYMS: honor, virtue
  18. arrest
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To bring to a stop; to catch and hold something or someone; to seize a person by legal authority so as to bring them where they may be accused of a crime
    • SENTENCE: Environmentalists hope to arrest the growth of carbon dioxide emissions in the earth's atmosphere.
    • SYNONYMS: constrain, stop, limit
    • ANTONYMS: encourage, continue, incite
  19. gravity
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: the seriousness of a situation or problem; heaviness or weight, as of things falling to the earth, esp. in speaking about sad, serious, or dignified things
    • SENTENCE: When her son was diagnosed with leukemia, Isobel recognized the gravity of the situation and agreed to donate bone marrow to save him.
    • SYNONYMS: weighty, grievous, important
    • ANTONYMS: light, insubstantial, unimportant
  20. check
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To restrain, hold in restraint, or control; to give attention to so as to get information, esp. to decide if something is safe, correct, or suitable
    • SENTENCE: Both the legislative and judicial branches of the US government exist to keep the executive in check, and stop him or her from becoming strong or powerful enough to be a dictator.
    • SYNONYMS: arrest, stop, limit
    • ANTONYMS: continue, hasten, expedite
  21. flag
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To become weak, feeble, or spiritless; to decline in interest, attraction, or value
    • SENTENCE: Beyonce has often thanked her parents for never letting her enthusiasm flag, crediting her success in life to their constant encouragement.
    • SYNONYMS: decline, recede, weaken
    • ANTONYMS: increase, spirited, excite
  22. discriminating
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Characterized by the ability to make fine distinctions between similar things; refined taste that leads to liking only the highest quality of a certain thing
    • SENTENCE: Some people are known for their discriminating tastes in rare wine, fine clothes, and valuable art.
    • SYNONYMS: astute, discerning, keen
    • ANTONYMS: inclusive, uncritical, unperceptive
  23. eclipse
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To overshadow or surpass in importance, power, beauty, ability, etc.; to cause to fall into obscurity or decline
    • SENTENCE: It was clear from early on in their career that Venus and Serena Williams would eclipse all other tennis competition in their generation.
    • SYNONYMS: outdo, outshine, exceed
    • ANTONYMS: fall behind, fail
  24. coin
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To create/devise a new word or phrase that other people begin to use
    • SENTENCE: The increased public use of the internet allowed and encouraged users to coin terms like "LOL" and "ROFL" as easy shortcuts to communicate feelings over instant messaging.
    • SYNONYMS: create, compose, establish
    • ANTONYMS: destroy, erase, undo
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I got my eyes on you...
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