EBP Final

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  1. The degree to which the results of studies can be generalized to other individuals, settings, or time.
    external validity
  2. Behaviors of subjects in a study that are affected by personal values or desires to PLEASE the experiment; reactivity.
    Hawthorne effect
  3. Threat to internal validity where a change in the dependent variable is the result of ifferences in character of subjects before entering the study.
    Selection bias
  4. The degree to which one can conclude that the independent variable itself produced changes in the dependent variable.
    internal validity
  5. Three purposes of nonexperimental designs.
    • describe phenomenon
    • explain relationships
    • predict relationships
  6. Type of research where words are analyzed as data.
  7. The three major ethical principles outlined in the Belmont Report.
    • respect for persons
    • beneficence
    • justice
  8. _________ is the hallmark requirement for conducting ethical research.
    informed consent
  9. International standard providing physicians with guidelines for biomedical research.
    Declaration of Helsinki
  10. An article based on only very common or uncommon elements of works with little concern for ersearch methods, design, or settings; traditional lit review.
    narrative review
  11. Rigorous & systematic synthesis of research findings about a clinical problem.
    systematic review
  12. Four broad concepts of a metaparadigm?
    • person
    • environment
    • health
    • nursing
  13. Nonexperimental designs used to gather data at one point in time.
  14. Design used to gather data at more than one point in time.
  15. Design where comparisons are made abou the same subjects at two or more points in time OR two or more measures.
    within-groups design
  16. Type of study in which more than one group of subjects is studied at the same time (also nonexperimental and cross-sectional design).
    Cohort comparison studies
  17. An experimental design in which some of the groups receive the intervention and others serve as controls.  Some are measured before & after the intervention while others are measured only after the intervention.
    Solomon four group design
  18. Experimental designs have ______ groups; quasi-experimental designs have ______ groups.
    • control
    • comparison
  19. Type of research that involves cost, politics, & culture in the delivery of healthcare.
    Health services research
  20. Type of research that links research findings to pt of care.
    translational research
  21. An experimental type of design where more than one variable can be manipulated (tests the effect of two or more variables).
    factorial design
  22. Recruitment of participants based on word of mouth or referrals from other participants.
    Snowball sampling (type of qualitative sampling)
  23. Nonprobability sampling method used in qualitative studies to select a distinct group of individuals that either have lived the experience or have expertise in the event or experience being studied.
    Purposive sampling
  24. Subjects are individuals who participate in studies, typically those using a _______ design.
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EBP Final
2014-08-08 18:14:21
EBP Final
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