# Locomotive Engineer Training ABTH and Mechanical Rules Study Guide.txt

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1. Any employee coupling a yard line or locomotive to a train must first slightly open the shut off valve or angle cock to blow from the yard line or brake pipe.

A: Condensation
B: Debris
C: Other Contaminants
D: All of the Above
D: All of the Above
2. While operating a train en route, what percentage of the train's (cars and locomotives) air brakes must be operative?

A: 100%
B: 95%.
C: 85%
D: 80%.
C: 85%

REF: 5002
3. Standard brake pipe pressure for road freight service is ___ ; standard pressure for yard and transfer service is ____

A: 90 PSI/ 80 PSI
B: 80 PSI I 90 PSI
C: 90 PSI/ 90 PSI
D: 110 PSI/ 90 PSI
C: 90 PSI/ 90 PSI

REF: 5004
4. After properly adjusting the brake pipe pressure and attaching cars to the rear of the train, in order to prevent overcharging the brake system, how much of a brake pipe reduction must be made before opening the angle cock to the main body of the train?

A: Full Service
B: Over-Reduction to
C: 20 PSI
D: 10 PSI
A: Full Service

REF: 5005
5. What must you do to avoid an overcharged condition when doubling cars or coupling cars to head end a train? After the coupling is made, but before the angle cock is opened make a brake pipe reduction.

A: Full Service
B: Minimum Reduction
C: Use over-reduction zone
D: Emergency
A: Full Service

REF: 5005
6. When charging a train from other than the head end, adjust the brake pipe pressure to:

A: 15 PSI below standard pressure for that train
B: 20 PSI below standard pressure for that train
C: 10 PSI above standard pressure for that train
D: 17 PSI above standard pressure for that train
A: 15 PSI below standard pressure for that train

REF: 5005
7. When reducing an overcharged air brake system, after (1) charging the brake pipe to
standard pressure for at least 3 minutes and (2) placing the automatic brake in EMERGENCY position, what is the NEXT step in the procedure?

A: Place the automatic brake in the RELEASE position.
B: Verify that the air brake on each car applies.
C: Wait 90 seconds and place the automatic brake in RELEASE position.
D: Place the automatic brake in the HANDLE OFF position for 90 seconds.
C: Wait 90 seconds and place the automatic brake in RELEASE position.

REF: 5006
8. While the train or engine is moving, is it permissible to adjust the regulating valve on the controlling locomotive or cut out the brake valve on the controlling locomotive. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
B: False

REF: 5007
9. When applying the train brakes, monitor _______ because the _____ will reduce at a slower rate.

A: independent equalizing pressure / brake pipe pressure
B: brake pipe pressure / equalizing reservoir pressure
C: equalizing reservoir pressure / brake pipe pressure
D: main reservoir pressure / brake cylinder pressure
C: equalizing reservoir pressure I brake pipe pressure

REF: 5051
10. Monitor all air pressure indications to detect changes that may affect the operation of the locomotive or train. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
A: True

REF: 5052
11. Equalizing reservoir pressure adjustments must be made with the automatic brake valve handle in the position and cut ____

A: Full application / Out
B: Full Service /In
C: Service Zone I Out
D: Release / Out
D: Release / Out

REF: 5053
12. When cutting in the automatic brake, before placing the automatic brake cut-out valve to the IN position, make certain that the automatic brake is in the position and the equalizing reservoir pressure is not ____

A: Release / Decreasing
B: Application /Increasing
C: Release /Increasing
D: Increase / Releasing
C: Release /Increasing

REF: 5054
13. Whenever actual piston travel is within 2 Inches of the maximum piston travel shown in block 10 of the Form FRA-F6180-49A (blue cab form) it must be reported on the _____ and to the , or mechanical desk.

A: Locomotive Work Report- train dispatcher, yardmaster
B: Calendar Day Inspection - trainmaster, track foreman
C: Locomotive Work Report- chief train dispatcher, road foreman
D: Calendar Day Inspection -train dispatcher, train coordinator
A: Locomotive Work Report- train dispatcher, yardmaster

REF: 5055
14. With the independent brake fully applied, brake cylinder pressure should not differ from the brake cylinder pressure represented inside the locomotive cab by stencil, badge plate, or decal by _ psi or more.

A: 1
B: 3
C: 5
D: 8
B: 3 psi

REF: 5056
15. Do not __ the independent brake so that it actuates the air brakes continuously.

A: Block
B: Turn
C: Cut Out
D: Cut in
A: Block

REF: 5057
16. Except for yard operations and passenger trains, the controlling locomotive must be
equipped with or air brake valves.

A: 24L or independent
B: 24RL or electronic
C: 26TL or 30GS
D: 26/30 or electronic
D: 26/30 or electronic

REF: 5059
17. Main reservoir air pressure should be between ____ and _____ PSI and must be at least ____ PSI more than brake pipe pressure for the air brake to work properly.

A: 130 and 140/15
B: 130 and 145/15
C: 135 and 145/15
D: 120 and 140/10
B: 130 and 145/15

REF: 5060
18. If the locomotive is stopped, do not move the locomotive when the main reservoir
pressure is within __ PSI of the brake pipe pressure.

A: 10
B: 15
C: 20
D: 25
B: 15

REF: 5060
19. If the locomotive is moving and the main reservoir pressure falls to within ___ PSI of the setting of the regulating valve the engineer must stop the movement.

A: 15
B: 20
C: 25
D: 10
D: 10

REF: 5060
20. When necessary to increase air compressor output with a locomotive consist that does
not contain an electrically driven air compressor, center the reverser and do not place the throttle above any position:

A: Higher than # 3 position.
B: Higher than# 4 position.
C: Higher than# 5 position.
D: While main reservoir pressure is still falling.
B: Higher than# 4 position.

REF: 5060
21. When necessary to increase air compressor output on a locomotive consist that contains
at least one electrically-driven air compressor, with the reverser centered, place the throttle which position?

A: # 1.
B: Idle.
C: #4.
D: Up to throttle position # 4
a
22. Do not increase air compressor output unless main reservoir pressure is within ___
PSI of the regulating valve setting?

A: 15
B: 20
C: 25
D: 30
a
23. During air brake tests, what methods are used to determine the air pressure at the rear of train or cut of cars?

A: Telemetry that has been qualified, air gauge in the EOT or marker unit, accurate handheld
gauge. Air gauge on a locomotive coupled to the rear of train or cut of cars.
B: A trainman located at the rear of the train observing that the brake cylinder responds to
air brake operation.
C: Answers 'A' and 'B' are correct.
a
24. When making a brake test on a train that is not equipped with qualified telemetry, how can it be determined that the air brakes at the rear of the train have applied and released?

A: Observe that the brake cylinder piston at the rear of train responds to air brake
operation
B: Observe that the brake pipe gauge at the rear of the train responds to air brake
operation
C: Observe that the auxiliary reservoir gauge at the rear of the train responds to air brake operation.
D: Observe that the emergency reservoir gauge at the rear of the train responds to air brake operation.
a&b
25. When making a brake test on a train that is equipped with qualified telemetry, how can it be determined that the air brakes at the rear of the train have applied and released?

A: 5-PSI increase in brake pipe pressure indicates an application and a 5-PSI decrease in
brake pipe pressure indicates a release.
B: 5-PSI reduction in brake pipe pressure indicates an application and a 5-PSI increase in
brake pipe pressure indicates a release
C: 5-PSI reduction in brake cylinder pressure indicates an application and a 5-PSI
increase in brake cylinder pressure indicates a release.
D: 5-PSI increase in brake cylinder pressure indicates an application and a 5-PSI reduction in brake cylinder pressure indicates a release.
b
26. After an air brake test, make certain that brake pipe pressure is being restored at the rear of the train before proceeding. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
a
27. Which locomotive air brake test requires testing of brake pipe leakage?

A: Standing Locomotive Air Brake Test
B: Running Locomotive Air Brake Test
C: Locomotive Consist Air Brake Test
D: Class Ill Brake Test
c
28. When is a Locomotive Consist Air Brake Test required?

A: When a locomotive consist is made up or added to.
B: When any change is made to a locomotive consist
C: Before departing initial terminal.
D: Only if a calendar day inspection has not been performed
a
29. The Standing Locomotive Air Brake Test reveals holding power ineffective. After placing the throttle in IDLE, if the movement does not stop:

A: Use hand brake if conditions permit.
B: Reverse locomotive.
C: Place reverser lever in the position opposite the direction of movement and place the throttle in position #1.
D: Place automatic brake handle in emergency position.
a&c
30. What are the procedures for performing a Standing Locomotive Air Brake Test?

A: Independent brake in FULL APPLICATION, reverse lever in FORWARD or REVERSE, generator field switch in the ON position and the throttle in position #1.
B: Release independent air brake and reapply after movement is started to ensure that the locomotive slows down.
C: Walk around locomotive and inspect pistons to insure that brakes are applied
D: Release and reapply independent brake. Then check brake cylinder gauge pressure to insure that brakes are applied.
a
31. When is a Standing Locomotive Air Brake Test required?

A: After initial terminal test.
B: After changing ends or controlling units on a lite locomotive consist.
C: Before making an initial movement with a lite locomotive when cutting away from a train
D: When initially taking charge of a lite locomotive.
b&d
32. As soon as operating conditions permit, when is a Running Locomotive Air Brake Test required?

A: When making any change to a locomotive consist
B: When making initial movement of a lite locomotive
C: Immediately before coupling to a train.
D: When changing ends.
a&b
33. When performing a Locomotive Running Air Brake Test, what is the next step after
releasing the independent brake and verifying that brake cylinder pressure reduces to zero and retarding force is eliminated?

A: Make a 15 PSI brake pipe reduction and verify brake cylinder pressure and retarding of the locomotive.
B: Make a 15 PSI brake pipe reduction and cut out the automatic brake valve.
C: While actuating the brake cylinder pressure, make a 15 PSI brake pipe reduction.
D: Make a FULL SERVICE brake pipe reduction and verify brake cylinder pressure.
a
34. While actuating the brake cylinder pressure during a Running Locomotive Air Brake Test, a heavy retarding effect develops. What is the most likely cause?

A: Brake pipe hose coupled to the actuating hose of another engine in the consist.
B: Main reservoir equalizing hose coupled to the actuating hose of another engine in the consist.
C: Actuating hose coupled to the Independent Application and Release hose of another engine in the consist.
D: Independent application and release hose coupled to the Brake Pipe hose.
none
35. You are performing a Class I Brake Test using the Air Flow Method. What is the
procedure used to check brake pipe leakage during the Class I Brake Test?
A: Verify that the airflow indicator shows 60 CFM or less.
B: Cut out the automatic brake valve wait 1 minute and verify that the airflow indicator
shows 60 CFM or less.
C: Cut out the automatic brake valve and verify that the airflow indicator shows 60 CFM or
less.
D: Allow the brake pipe exhaust to stop, cut out the automatic brake valve, wait 1 minute,
note brake pipe pressure and measure brake pipe leakage for 1 minute.
b
36. Use of the Air Flow Method to test leakage is required when the train's controlling
locomotive is equipped with (minimum requirements):
A: 26/30 or electronic air brake equipment, an air flow indicator and the train is two-way
telemetry equipped.
B: 26/30 or electronic air brake equipment and an air flow indicator.
C: 26/30 or electronic air brake equipment and the train is two-way telemetry equipped.
D: 26/30 air brake equipment, an air flow indicator and the train is telemetry equipped.
b
37. To make an Air Flow Method leakage test, the air flow indicator must read:

A: 55 CFM or more.
B: 60 CFM or less.
C: 65 CFM or less.
D: 70 CFM or more.
b
38. When performing a Class I Brake Test, charge brake pipe pressure at the rear car to __
PSI for freight trains. Obtain the required signal to begin the test. Make a PSI brake
pipe reduction and allow the brake pipe exhaust to stop.

A: 75/15
B: 85/20
C: 75/20
D: 90/26
c
39. When performing a Class I Brake Test, use the method when the train's
controlling locomotive is equipped with 26/30 or electronic air brake equipment and an air
flow indicator.

A: Ground Inspection Method.
B: Air Flow Method.
C: Brake Pipe Leakage Method
D: Brake Cylinder Leakage Method
b
40. You have checked brake pipe leakage when making a Class I Brake Test. What must be
done before releasing the air brakes?
A: Return the automatic brake handle to the release position, and wait for signal to
proceed.
B: Cut in the automatic brake, place the automatic brake handle to release position and
advise conductor that train is ready to proceed.
C: Receive the required signal.
D: Return the automatic brake handle to the release position and cut in the automatic
brake.
c
41. While performing a Class I Brake Test using the Brake Pipe Leakage Method, you have
made a 20 PSI brake pipe reduction. What is the procedure to check brake pipe leakage?
A: Allow the brake pipe exhaust to stop, wait 1 minute, cut out the automatic brake valve,
note brake pipe pressure and measure brake pipe leakage for 1 minute.
B: Allow the brake pipe exhaust to stop, cut out the automatic brake valve, wait 1 minute,
note brake pipe pressure and measure brake pipe leakage for 1 minute.
C: Allow the brake pipe exhaust to stop, cut out the automatic brake valve and measure
brake pipe leakage for 1 minute.
D: Verify that air flow indicator shows 60 CFM or less.
b
42. You are on the line-of-road and separate your train to cut a crossing at a busy
intersection. What brake test is required when you recouple to your train after 5 hours?

A: Class I Brake Test.
B: Class II Brake Test
C: Class Ill Brake Test- Trainline Continuity
D: Class lA Brake Test
a
43. When a freight train has received a Class I Brake Test using other than outbound
locomotive and kept on charge, what additional test is required once the outbound
locomotive is added to the train?
A: Class I Brake Test.
B: Class II Brake Test
C: Class Ill Brake Test- Trainline Continuity
D: Perform a rear car application and release procedure.
d
44. You have picked up cars on line-of-road and doubled back to your train to perform a Class
I Brake Test. What must be known about the train's air brakes before departing?
A: Brakes apply and release on all cars in the train.
B: Brakes apply and release on each of the cars picked up as well as the rear car of the
train.
C: Brakes apply and release on only the rear car in the train.
D: Brakes apply on all cars in the train for a minumum of three minutes, and verify release.
b
45. During a Class I Brake Test at an initial terminal, at least ___ % of the air brakes must
be operative.
A: 75%.
B: 85%.
C: 90%.
D: 100%.
D: 100%.

REF: 5203/5211
46. You are on the line-of-road and are instructed by proper authority to perform a Class II Air
Brake Test on a cut of cars to be added to your train. What is required to be verified for
this test?
A: Verify that the brakes on each car you pick up apply and release
B: Verify that at least 85% of the cars you pickup have operable air brakes.
C: Verify that the brake on the rear car of your train applies and releases.
D: Verify that the brakes on each car you pick up apply and release, and that the rear car
of your train applies and releases.
d
47. When performing a Class II brake test, you are permitted to move cars with inoperative air brakes after they have been reported, tagged. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
a
48. Cars given a Class II Brake Test must receive a Class I Brake Test at the next forward location where facilities are available to perform a Class I Brake Test. (True or False)

A: True
B: False.
a
49. You are on the line-of-road and pick up a solid block of cars that has not been previously tested. You are required to perform a Class II Brake Test and the air brakes fail to apply on one of the cars. What is required?

A: Retest the air brakes on the cars which failed to apply.
B: Car must be immediately set out.
C: Car may be moved to next repair location without retesting.
D: Car may be moved, but only as the head car in the train.
a
50. You perform a brake test on cars you picked up. After coupling the cars to the main body
of the train and charging the brake pipe pressure at the rear car to 75 PSI, what brake
pipe reduction is required when performing the required brake test?

A: 15-PSI
B: 20-PSI
C: 10-PSI
D: FULL SERVICE
b
51. You have stopped to pick up cars on the line-of-road that were previously tested and left
on air. After attaching the cars to the main body of your train, what brake test is required?

A: Class I Brake Test.
B: Class II Brake Test.
C: Class Ill Brake Test- Train Consist Change
D: A brake test is not required on this train.
52. You are on the line-of-road and separate your train to cut a crossing at a busy
intersection. What brake test is required when you couple your train together after 3
hours?
A: Class I Brake Test.
B: Class Ill Brake Test- Train Consist Change.
C: Class Ill Brake Test- Trainline Continuity
D: Class lA Brake Test
53. A Class Ill Air Brake Test is required when:

A: The train has been separated and re-coupled without any change to the trains consist.
B: A locomotive or caboose is changed.
C: A car or solid block of cars are removed from the train.
D: All of the above are correct.
54. You stop your train at an intermediate terminal and set off a locomotive. After re-coupling
to the train, what type of brake test will be made prior to departure?

A: Transfer Train Air Brake Test
B: No further testing will be required.
C: Class Ill- Train Consist Change
D: Class II Brake Test
55. What are the steps required for performing a Transfer Train Air Brake Test? (Multiple Answer)

A: Make a 20 PSI brake pipe reduction
B: Make certain that the air brake applies on each car
C: Make certain that the air brake applies and releases on each car
D: Charge the brake pipe pressure at the rear car to 75 PSI.
56. When making a Transfer Train Air Brake Test, after making a 20-PSI brake pipe reduction, what must be verified?

A: That the air brake on each car in the train applies.
B: That the air brake on each car in the train releases.
C: That the leakage is within the prescribed limitations.
D: Both 'A' and 'B'. Are correct.
57. Make a Transfer Train Air Brake Test before making a transfer movement not to exceed ____ miles unless the cars have been previously tested.

A: 20 miles
B: 10 miles
C: 25 miles
D: 50 miles
58. You are on the lead locomotive and are to perform a Helper Service Brake Test. After having made a 10 PSI brake pipe reduction, what action is required after you receive confirmation from the engineer of the helper locomotive that it is properly coupled to your train?

A: Make an additional 1 OPSI brake pipe reduction
B: The engineer must make a release and re-charge the train's air brake system.
C: The engineer must make a 25-PSI brake pipe reduction.
D: No further testing is required
59. A Helper Service Air Brake Test is only required when the helper locomotive is attached to the rear of the train. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
60. During a Helper Service Brake Test, after making the required brake pipe reduction the brake pipe exhaust does not stop. What will this confirm?

A: The helper engineer has not cut out the independent brake
B: Brake pipe reduction was not sufficient.
C: Helper engineer has not cut out the automatic brake valve properly
D: The engineer of the train being helped has not properly positioned his brake valve.
61. A car's air brake failed to apply during performance of the Class I Air Brake Test. When retesting air brakes, the air brake on the car must remain applied _ minutes to be considered as operative.

A: Two min.
B: Three min.
C: Six min
D: No time limit if piston responds to reduction.
62. When retesting air brakes, what must be done if a car fails the retest?

A: Train's originating location: Set the car out
B: An intermediate location: Tagged and moved to the nearest repair location
C: Trains' originating terminal: Move to next forward terminal
D: An intermediate location: Set Out Only
63. The engineer must be notified that the air brake test has been satisfactorily performed. This notification must include the: MULTIPLE ANSWER

A: Date and time the inspection was made.
B: Number of freight cars inspected.
C: Name of the qualified person performing the test or ID# if Class 1 or 1A test.
D: Location where the test was performed.
64. When the air brake test notification is provided verbally, the engineer must record the required information on the air brake test certificate. (True or False)

A: True
B: False
65. Upon completion of your tour-of-duty, what are you required to do with the brake test documentation?

A: Leave any written brake test documentation on the engineer's control stand of the controlling locomotive.
B: Leave any written brake test documentation for the conductor with the train documentation.
C: The Engineer must Retain for 7 days.
D: The conductor must retain for 5 days.
66. Upon taking charge of your locomotive consist you note that the Calendar Day Inspection
has been performed by the Mechanical Department. Are you permitted to make another
Calendar Day Inspection?
A: No, you must accept the inspection results of the Mechanical Department.
B: Yes, perform another inspection to verify the results of the Mechanical Department
inspection.
C: Yes, only locomotive engineers are permitted to perform Calendar Day Inspections.
D: Yes, but only after securing permission from the Mechanical Department.
67. Whose responsibility is it to make sure that the locomotive consist in his/her charge has
received the required calendar day inspection?
A: The locomotive engineer.
B: Mechanical Department employees.
C: The supervisor at the locomotive servicing centers.
D: Any member of the crew that is using the locomotive
68. Each locomotive in use must be inspected once each calendar day. (True or False)
A: True
B: False.
69. If a locomotive in your consist will not be used in service and the locomotive is due a
calendar day inspection, what is required?
A: Do the calendar day.
B: Nothing. Do not isolate the locomotive.
C: Do not inspect the locomotive.
D: Comply with Rule 5307A (Completing and Placing Non-Compliance Tag).
70. When taking charge of your locomotive consist, you determine that the last calendar day
inspection was made on the previous day. When must the next calendar day inspection
be made on this consist?
A: 2359 hours of the following day
B: 24 hours after the date on the calendar day inspection
C: On the current day before 2359 hours
D: 48 hours after date on the calendar day inspection.
71. You begin your tour of duty at 0900 hours on 11 July and a calendar day inspection was
performed on 10 July on the locomotive in your charge. What are the conditions that
would determine when or if you would perform a calendar day inspection on your
locomotive?
A: Locomotive must receive a calendar day inspection before 2359 on 11 July.
B: Do not perform the calendar day inspection if doing so would violate the hours-ofservice
law
C: Do not perform the calendar day inspection if instructed by proper authority that another
employee will perform the inspection before 2359 hours
D: All of the above are correct
72. Complete a Calendar Day Inspection Tag and attach it on the isolation switch of the lead
locomotive when:
A: The calendar day inspection is complete
B: Someone else has performed the calendar day inspection
C: Every tour of duty
D: A locomotive in the consist is due a calendar day inspection before the lead locomotive
73. A Calendar Day Inspection must include inspecting the Operating Cab, Walkway and
Engine Compartment, and making a ground inspection. (True or False)
A: True
8: False
74. Once completed, what must be done with Calendar Day Inspection reports?
A: Left on the locomotive inspected.
B: Forwarded to the Terminal RFE.
C: Faxed to the REDI Center.
D: Be retained by the engineer for a period of 7 days.
75. When a non-complying condition is discovered, to whom would you promptly report the
details of the condition, including any restrictions placed on the locomotive?
A: Train dispatcher or yardmaster.
B: Mechanical desk.
C: All other crew members.
D: All of the above are correct.
76. When discovering a non-complying condition during a Calendar Day Inspection and the
locomotive is safe to move, how may it be moved? (Multiple Answer)
A: Lite or dead within a yard not exceeding 10 MPH.
B: In a locomotive consist not attached to cars.
C: Isolated/shutdown (temperature permitting) when attached to cars.
D: Movement can never be made.
77. When handling a lite or dead non-complying locomotive that is safe to move within a yard,
do not exceed MPH.
A: 5
8: 10
C: 20
D: 30
78. While en route, you discover a non-complying condition on a locomotive in your consist
and it cannot be brought into compliance. After it is determined that the locomotive is safe
to move, may you continue to operate this locomotive?
A: Yes, but only until reaching the next forward point where the locomotive can be
repaired.
8: No.
C: Yes, but only until the performance of the next Calendar Day inspection.
D: Yes, but only until reaching the next forward point where the necessary repairs can be
made or until the performance of the next Calendar Day inspection, whichever occurs
first.
79. When is it necessary to complete a Locomotive Work Report for your consist?
A: For each calendar day only
8: For each trip or tour of duty
C: When instructed
D: Only if no engineers have used the report
80. When is it necessary to complete a Locomotive Work Report for your consist?
A: For each calendar day only
8: For each trip or tour of duty
C: When instructed
D: Only if no engineers have used the report
81. When attempting to start the diesel engine, it fails to start. You repeat the starting
procedure and it fails to start the second time. What is required?
A: Restart it after reporting it to the yardmaster, train dispatcher or mechanical desk.
8: Check your fluid levels, report it to the yardmaster, train dispatcher or mechanical desk
and restart the diesel engine.
C: Recheck your safety devices, wait 2 minutes and attempt a restart
D: Contact the mechanical desk.
82. You are performing the tasks in the locomotive engine room required for starting a diesel
engine. What are the tasks that are required to be performed in the engine room?
A: Reset engine protective devices that are tripped, except the crankcase over pressure
device.
8: Reset any and all engine protective devices.
C: Check the engine lube oil, cooling water and air compressor lube oil levels.
D: Check the engine lube oil and cooling water levels only.
83. When starting a diesel engine, crank the diesel engine until it starts but no longer than
seconds. --
A: 10
8: 20
C: 30
D: 60
84. You are performing the tasks in the locomotive cab required for starting a diesel engine.
Place the isolation switch to the ISOLATE position and close battery knife switch. What
other tasks are required inside the locomotive cab?
A: Reset any tripped circuit breakers and place the control/fuel pump switch to the ON
position.
8: Make certain that the fuses are properly positioned.
C: Make certain that the throttle or the MU shutdown button is not in the STOP position.
D: Engine run and generator field switches must be in the ON position.
85. When a check of the fluid levels on a locomotive reveals that one or more levels is at or
below the low level, what action is required?
A: Do not start the engine
8: Contact the Mechanical Desk
C: Do not start the engine and contact the Mechanical Desk
D: Start the engine, then contact the mechanical desk
86. What conditions prohibit the engineer from starting the diesel engine?
A: Hot engine and low lube oil (governor shutdown) indications are displayed at the same
time.
B: An indication of a governor shutdown (low lube oil) occurs two consecutive times.
C: Crankcase over pressure device is tripped
D: All of the above are correct
87. The fuel system is considered properly primed when:
A: The fuel sight glass is full of fuel, fuel pressure gauge reads a minimum of 30 PSI or
system has been primed continuously for 30 seconds.
B: The fuel sight glass is full of fuel, fuel pressure gauge reads a minimum of 20 PSI or 20
seconds have elapsed.
C: The fuel sight glass is full of fuel, fuel pressure gauge reads a minimum of 10 PSI
(EMD) 40-PSI (GE) or 30 seconds have elapsed.
0: The fuel system is always primed due to the presence of regulating and one-way check
valves.
88. When starting or shutting down the diesel engine in a SD?OAC, SD80AC or SD90AC
locomotive, what must you do?
A: Contact the mechanical desk.
B: Follow the same procedure as with all other locomotives.
C: Comply with the instructions posted inside the locomotive cab, if those instructions
conflict with the procedures outlined in the rules.
D: Contact the train dispatcher.
89. How may ALL engines in the locomotive consist, that are on line, be shut down in an
emergency situation? (Multiple Answers)
A: Placing the throttle in the stop position.
B: Pressing the emergency fuel cut off switch on the control panel.
C: Depressing the stop button on the overhead console (on locomotives with a desk-top
control stand).
D: By placing the control fuel pump switch in the off position.
90. What circuit breaker must be opened after shutting down the diesel engine?
A: The dynamic control circuit breaker.
B: The radio circuit breaker.
C: The brake transfer circuit breaker
D: The fuel pump circuit breaker.
91. Before shutting down the diesel engine, the engine must be operated at less than throttle
position 8 for at least how many minutes?
A: 20 minutes
B: 1 hour
C: 45 minutes
D: 30 minutes
92. Where are the emergency fuel cut-off switches located?
A: Either side of the fuel tank, at some engine start stations and on the engine control
panel.
B: Either side of the fuel tank and at the engine start station.
C: Either side of the fuel tank and on the engine control panel.
D: Either side of the fuel tank and on the engineer's control stand.
93. When setting a locomotive up in the trail position, which switches on the control stand are
placed in the OFF position?
A: Generator field, local control and engine run.
B: Generator field, control/fuel pump and engine run.
C: Control/fuel pump, headlight switch and engine run
D: Generator field, dynamic brake and engine run.
94. Name the hoses necessary to MU two locomotives, along with the pressures that are
associated with each hose. (Begin with the center hose and work toward the outside.)
A: Brake pipe (pressure determined by the regulating valve setting), main reservoir
equalizing hose (130 to 145-PSI), actuating hose (0 or 130-145 PSI), independent
application and release (0 to 45-PSI).
B: Brake pipe (pressure determined by the regulating valve setting), main reservoir
equalizing hose (0 or 130-140-PSI), actuating hose (0 to 45-PSI), independent
application and release (130 to 140-PSI).
C: Brake pipe (pressure determined by the regulating valve setting), main reservoir
equalizing hose (130 to 140-PSI), actuating hose (0 to 130-140 PSI), independent
application and release (0 or 45-PSI).
D: Brake pipe (pressure determined by the regulating valve setting), main reservoir
equalizing hose (130 to 150).
95. Which switches on the control stand of a lead (controlling) unit would you place in the ON
position to operate the locomotive?
A: Generator field, local control and engine run
B: Engine run, generator field and control/fuel pump
C: Control/fuel pump, headlight switch and engine run
D: Generator field, dynamic brake and engine run
96. When uncoupling locomotives, the air hose connections should be broken as the
locomotives part. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
97. When changing a controlling locomotive to a trailing locomotive, place independent brake
in FULL APPLICATION position, remove and store reverser, make a FULL SERVICE
reduction and verify that brake pipe exhaust stops. The next sequence of steps is to:
A: Cut out the automatic brake and place in the HANDLE OFF position. Place the
independent brake in the RELEASE position and cut out. Set switches and to trailing
position and proceed to new controlling locomotive.
B: Cut out the automatic brake and place in the HANDLE OFF position. Cut out the
independent brake and place in the RELEASE position. Set switches and to trailing
position and proceed to new controlling locomotive.
C: Cut out the automatic brake and leave in the FULL SERVICE position. Place the
independent brake in the RELEASE position and cut out. Set switches and to trailing
position and proceed to new controlling locomotive.
D: Leave automatic brake in the FULL SERVICE position. Leave independent brake in the
FULL APPLICATION position. Set switches and to trailing position and proceed to new
controlling locomotive.
98. When changing a trailing locomotive to a controlling locomotive, place independent brake
in FULL APPLICATION position, cut it in and position the switches and controls for lead
unit operation. The next sequence of steps is to:
A: Place the automatic brake in the RELEASE position, cutting in the automatic brake,
followed by adjusting the equalizing reservoir if necessary.
B: Place the automatic brake in the HANDLE OFF position followed by cutting out the
automatic brake.
C: Place the automatic brake in the RELEASE position, adjusting the equalizing reservoir
if necessary followed by cutting in the automatic brake.
D: Place the automatic brake in the FULL SERVICE position, adjusting the equalizing
reservoir if necessary, followed by cutting in the automatic brake.
99. When testing the locomotive hand brake and the locomotive moves but stops within 10
feet after placing the throttle in IDLE, the engineer should:
A: Retest the handbrake
B: Consider the hand brake effective
C: Consider the handbrake ineffective
D: Set out another car with the locomotive
100. What is required when locomotives are to be left unattended, the hand brakes are
ineffective and do not prevent movement of the locomotive?
A: Locomotive will be left unattended with automatic brake valve in emergency position.
B: Locomotive must be accompanied by at least one car or locomotive with an operative
hand brake.
C: Locomotive will be left unattended with an ineffective hand brake.
D: Locomotive will be chocked and chained by the engineer in accordance with the rules.
101. When leaving a lead locomotive unattended with the engine running, what is the proper
position of each of the following switches: Engine Run, Generator Field and Control/Fuel
Pump?
A: Engine Run- ON; Generator Field- OFF; Control/Fuel Pump- ON
B: Engine Run- ON; Generator Field- ON; Control/Fuel Pump- ON
C: Engine Run - OFF; Generator Field - ON; Control/Fuel Pump - OFF
0: Engine Run- OFF; Generator Field- OFF; Control/Fuel Pump- OFF
102. When leaving a locomotive unattended with the engine running and not coupled to cars,
what is the proper position of each of the following devices: Throttle, Reverser, Hand brake
and Isolation Switch?
A: Throttle- IDLE; Reverser- NEUTRAL; Handbrake- APPLIED; Isolation SwitchSTART/
STOP/ISOLATE; OR AS DIRECTED
8: Throttle - IDLE; Reverser- CENTERED and REMOVED; Handbrake -APPLIED;
Isolation Switch- RUN position
C: Throttle - IDLE; Reverser- CENTERED and REMOVED; Handbrake -APPLIED;
Isolation Switch- START/STOP/ISOLATE; OR AS DIRECTED
D: Throttle - STOP; Reverser- NEUTRAL; Handbrake -APPLIED; Isolation Switch -
START/STOP/ISOLATE; OR AS DIRECTED
103. When leaving a locomotive consist unattended that is not coupled to cars, place the
independent brake in the position and the automatic brake in the ___ _
position.
A: Release/full service
8: Full Application/Release
C: Full Service/Release
D: Release/Release
104. For fuel conservation, when the train or locomotive is stopped, the engineer must:
A: Center the reverse lever to activate the low idle feature.
8: Allow the Auxiliary Power Unit to operate on equipped units.
C: Open the control fuel pump switch.
D: Allow Automatic Engine Start Stop (AESS) to operate on equipped units.
105. For fuel conservation, when handling lite locomotives, all locomotives not required to
safely control the movement must be shut down or isolated. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
106. For fuel conservation, avoid having more locomotives on line than those required to
maintain maximum authorized speed. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
107. When taking charge of locomotive(s), check the fuel level. Report fuel levels of
to the mechanical desk. ------
A: 1 000 gallons
B: Less than 1 000 gallons
C: More than 1000 gallons
D: Only when two locomotives show the same level
108. For fuel conservation, Automatic Engine Start and Stop system (AESS) equipped
locomotive/s need only be for compliance.
A: Placed on continuous run
B: Enabled by the APU
C: Isolated
D: Started
109. The engineer may cut out or annul a safety device without authorization, or hold down a
deadman pedal with anything other than your foot. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
110. What position on an automatic brake is used to reset a penalty application?
A: Release
B: Minimum reduction
C: Suppression
0: Emergency
111. Check the accuracy of the speed indicator on the controlling locomotive at locations
indicated in __ _
A: System Bulletin
B: System Notice
C: Dispatcher Bulletin
0: Special Instructions
112. What is the minimum continuous speed for a locomotive consist?
A: The lowest minimum continuous speed of any of the on-line locomotives in the consist.
B: The lowest minimum continuous speed of any locomotive in the consist regardless of
whether on-line or isolated.
C: The highest minimum continuous speed of any of the isolated locomotives in the
consist.
D: The highest minimum continuous speed of any of the on-line locomotives in the consist.
113. Avoid continuous operation at speeds lower than minimum continuous speed for the
locomotive consist. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
114. The term 'short time rating' means:
A: The minimum time that a locomotive may be operated in an overloaded condition.
B: A rating placed on the locomotive by its manufacturer and is the maximum time that the
locomotive can operate at the given output in throttle 8 without risking heat damage to
the traction motors.
C: The maximum RPM at which the diesel engine may be operated before the overspeed
device operates.
D: A rating placed on the locomotive by its manufacturer and is the maximum time that the
locomotive can operate at the given output in throttle 8 without risking heat damage to
the main generator I traction alternator.
115. When short time ratings are exceeded, the traction motors must be cooled. In order to do
this, stop movement, center the reverser, place the generator field switch in the OFF
position and place the throttle in position for __ minutes.
A: #8 position / 15 minutes
B: #4 position I 20 minutes.
C: #6 position I 30 minutes
0: Idle position I 20 minutes
116. Avoid continuous operation at speeds lower than the minimum continuous speed for the
locomotive consist. The minimum continuous speed for the locomotive consist is:
A: The lowest minimum continuous speed for any on-line locomotive in consist.
8: The lowest minimum continuous speed for DC locomotives in the consist.
C: The highest minimum continuous speed for any on-line locomotive in consist.
0: The highest minimum continuous speed for any AC on-line locomotive in consist
117. After a locomotive operates in the one-hour zone for 15 minutes, then operates outside
the short time rating zone for less than 20 minutes and returns to the one-hour zone, how
much time, if any, may it continue to operate in the one-hour zone?
A: 20 minutes
8: 45 minutes
C: 0 minutes
D: 1 hour.
118. What is the minimum continuous speed of a locomotive consist with CSXT unit numbers
5102, 8820, 8502 and 8177?
A: 10
8: 11
C: 12
D: Minimum continuous speed does not apply to this consist (N/A).
119. When the diesel engine shuts down in freezing weather and cannot be restarted, what
action must be taken with regard to the cooling system?
A: Drain the engine after it cools down
8: Nothing
C: Drain the engine, unless the locomotive is equipped with an operable APU
0: Wait one hour then drain the engine
120. What is required when a locomotive in your charge is standing and the temperature is 15
degrees Fahrenheit or less?
A: Place the reverse lever in the center position, generator field switch in the OFF position
and the Throttle in position #3.
B: Drain the engine to ensure the fluids don't freeze.
C: Use the APU.
D: All of the Above
121. What is required when the ground relay causes the locomotive to be isolated or causes a
traction motor to be cut out?
A: Set out at the first opportunity
B: Do not operate above 20 MPH
C: Make sure that the wheels are turning freely
D: Make sure that the wheels are turning freely and do not operate above 30 MPH
122. What is required when a traction motor support bearing is suspected of being hot:
A: Stop the movement
B: Report the bearing to the train dispatcher and the Mechanical Desk
C: Comply with the instructions you receive
D: Do not exceed 15 mph
123. If the train's momentum prevents stopping short of tracks submerged by water, what must
the engineer do before reaching the water?
A: Center the reverser; open the engine run switch and place throttle in # 8 position.
B: Center the reverser; open the generator field switch and place throttle in# 4 position.
C: Center the reverser; open the engine run switch and place throttle in# 4 position.
D: Center the reverser; open the generator field switch and place throttle in # 8 position
124. Do not add water to a diesel engine when a _______ indication is displayed.
A: Governor shutdown
B: Turbo lube pump
C: Hot engine
D: No power
125. A locomotive in your consist is low on water and also has a hot engine condition. What
must you do?
A: Wait four (4) minutes before venting the pressure and adding water
B: Do not add water when a 'hot engine' indication is displayed. Consult the Mechanical
Desk for instructions.
C: Water is not to be added to an engine which is running or shut down and indicates a
'hot engine' condition unless you need the locomotive to move the train.
D: Wait four (4) minutes. If there is water visible in the sight glass you may then
immediately vent the pressure and begin adding water.
126. When adding water to a diesel engine under routine circumstances, what is the proper
method?
A: Add water to the proper level, shut the diesel engine down, observe the water level in
the sight glass and vent the pressure.
B: Shut down the diesel engine and wait four (4) minutes, observe water level in the sight
glass, add water to the proper level and vent the pressure for one minute.
C: Note the water level in the sight glass, shut down the engine if running, wait four (4)
minutes, verify that water level has risen but does not continue to rise, vent the
pressure for one minute using the pressure relief valve and fill to proper level.
D: Vent the pressure for one minute, observe that the water level has increased but does
not continue to rise, add water to the proper level, shut the diesel engine down, observe
the water level in the sight glass and vent the pressure.
127. What is the proper operating procedure when a locomotive is not equipped with ditch
lights or both ditch lights fail en route?
A: Do not exceed 20 mph while the locomotives operates over a highway crossing at grade.
B: Do not exceed 20 mph.
C: Proceed at controlled speed not exceeding 40 mph.
D: Proceed at restricted speed.
128. The number of powered axles in use must not exceed ----on a helper locomotive
when the helper locomotive is shoving a train.
A: 8
B: 12
C: 18
D: 24
129. The number of powered axles in use must not exceed when all operating
locomotives are shoving a train or cut of cars totaling more than 50 cars, and every
locomotive in the consist and within twenty cars of the consist are equipped with alignment
A: 10
B: 15
C: 20
D: 24
130. When a reduction of powered axles is necessary, isolate locomotives from the front of the consist to the rear. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
131. When calculating powered axles in a locomotive consist, count AC locomotives as axles. _____

A:6
B: 9
C: 12
D: 14
132. Calculate the number of powered axles in a locomotive consist with CSXT units 401, 7650 and 5930?

A: 16
B: 19
C: 21
D: 24
133. The number of powered axles in use must not exceed ____ for the operating
locomotives that are pulling a train or cut of cars.
A: 18
B: 24, or 27 for Express Trains Q,L,S with profiles of 090-099
C: 30, or 26 for Express Trains Q,L,S with profiles of 090-099
D: 32
134. How must the throttle be adjusted at least 8 seconds before reaching a railroad crossing
at grade or lift rails of a drawbridge when your locomotive consist contains one or more
DC powered locomotives at speeds above 25 MPH? (Multiple Answer)
A: If the throttle is in a position above #4, reduce to position #4.
B: If the throttle is in position #4 or lower, reduce to the next lower position.
C: If the throttle is in position #4 or greater, increase to the next higher position.
D: If the throttle is in position #1 or less, apply dynamic brakes.
135. Do not make throttle changes to accelerate a train having long cars in the head 1/3 of its
length. This will be done:
A: while your train is passing through a crossover, turnout or sharp curves.
B: when your train is below 10 MPH in order to reduce lateral forces when making a
crossover or turnout move
C: while the long cars are passing through crossovers, turnouts or sharp curves
D: until your entire train is clear of crossovers, turnouts or sharp curves.
136. Do not use the independent brake at speeds above __ MPH to control or retard movement of a locomotive consist with cars attached.

A: 10 MPH
B: 15 MPH
C: 20 MPH
D: 25 MPH
137. When using the independent brake while operating a locomotive consist that has 20 or
more axles, use extreme caution at speeds below __ MPH.

A: 40
B: 25
C: 15
D: 20
138. When operating locomotive consists with or more axles, keep brake cylinder
pressure below PSI when controlling speed or stopping.

A: 25/25
B: 25/20
C: 20 /25
D: 20/15
139. You must actuate the brakes for at least __ seconds when you have 8 locomotives in
the consist.

A: 8
B: 16
C: 32
0: 12
140. Except for emergency applications, avoid making brake pipe reductions after brake pipe
pressure reaches the point of equalization. Doing so:
A: Provides no additional braking effort.
B: Serves only to waste air pressure.
C: May eliminate the ability to make an emergency application.
0: All of the above are correct.
141. Except to put train brakes into emergency, do not place automatic brake beyond the
___ position to apply train brakes.
A: Handle Off
B: Suppression
C: Over-Reduction Zone
D: Minimum Service
142. When using the automatic brake and operating conditions permit, wait at least __ _
seconds after the initial brake pipe reduction before following it with additional reductions
of to PSI each.
A: 10 seconds I 1 to 2 PSI
B: 10 seconds I 2 to 3 PSI
C: 20 seconds 11 to 2 PSI
D: 20 seconds I 2 to 3 PSI.
143. When using the automatic brake, the proper initial brake pipe reduction will be:
A: 6 to 8 PSI when the system is fully charged and at least 3 PSI greater than the total
previous reduction when the train brake system is not fully recharged
8: At least 2 PSI greater than the total previous reduction when the train brake system is
not fully recharged
C: 6 to 8 PSI when the system is fully charged and at least 2 PSI greater than the total
previous reduction when the train brake system is not fully recharged
D: 8 to 10 PSI when the system is fully charged and at least 3 PSI greater than the total
previous reduction when the train brake system is not fully recharged.
144. When using the train brakes, you feel that the brakes are not holding or slowing the train's
speed properly. What should you do?
A: Reduce speed to 20 MPH.
8: Reduce to Restricted Speed until brakes function correctly.
C: Increase the equalizing reservoir pressure
0: Stop the train. If necessary, use an emergency brake application.
145. Indications that a train's brake system is not fully charged are:
A: Air flow indicator reading is higher than what it had been before the previous brake
application
B: Brake pipe pressure on rear car is lower than what it was before making the previous
brake application
C: A shorter brake pipe exhaust than when the brake system was fully charged
0: A longer brake pipe exhaust than when the brake system was fully charged.
146. At service equalization, what three volumes of air are the same pressures (equalized)?
A: Brake cylinder, auxiliary reservoir and emergency reservoir
B: Brake cylinder, auxiliary reservoir and brake pipe
C: Brake pipe, brake cylinder and brake pipe
D: Emergency reservoir, brake cylinder and brake pipe.
147. What is the proper procedure if the dynamic brake warning light comes on?
A: Increase dynamic brake output until the light goes out.
B: Gradually reduce dynamic brake output until the light goes out.
C: Reduce dynamic brake output by cutting out the dynamic brake on any trailing unit.
D: Turn off the dynamic brake control circuit breaker.
148. In order to comply with the maximum dynamic brake axle value allowed, how is the
number of dynamic brake axles to be reduced?
A: By cutting out individual traction motors using the motor cut out switches.
B: On any unit in the consist.
C: On the controlling unit.
D: On any unit except the controlling unit.
149. The engineer should be informed of the operational status of the dynamic brakes in the
locomotive consist. If the status is not known.
A: Test the dynamic brake at the first opportunity.
B: Consider the brake ineffective
C: Complete a locomotive consist brake test
D: None of the Above
150. When using the dynamic brake while the head 1/3 of the train is passing through turnouts
or crossovers and the dynamic brake axle value exceeds , do not exceed dynamic
brake position __
A: 12 axles- #6
B: 24 axles - # 4
C: 12 axles- #4
D: 16 axles- #6.
151. The maximum dynamic brake axle value for a locomotive consist is ___ when any
unit has coupler limiting blocks.
A: 18
8: 20
C: 22
D: 24
152. The maximum dynamic brake axle value for a locomotive consist is ___ when all
units have alignment control couplers.
A: 18
8: 20
C: 22
D: 24
153. What is the dynamic brake axle value of CSXT unit 8756?
A: 4
B: 5
C: 6
D: 7
154. What is the dynamic brake axle value of a locomotive consist with CSXT units 5122, 6462
and 4831?
A: 16
B: 17
C: 22
D: 23
155. When starting a train, keep the locomotive speed steady and do not exceed MPH
until the entire train is moving.
A: 2 MPH
B: 5 MPH
C: 10 MPH
D: 7 MPH
156. When controlling speed, handle the train in a safe and fuel efficient manner by:
A: Stretch braking under all circumstances.
B: Taking full advantage of dynamic braking and stretch braking.
C: Use of the independent brake and the power reduction feature.
D: Taking full advantage of throttle adjustments and dynamic braking when conditions
permit.
157. When using the automatic brake in conjunction with the dynamic brake and you need to
release the brakes, you will:
A: Fully release the dynamic brake before releasing the automatic brake.
B: Release the dynamic brake and the automatic brake at the same time.
C: Wait for the automatic brake to fully release while keeping the dynamic brake applied.
D: Wait for the automatic brake to fully release while gradually replacing the dynamic
brake with the independent brake.
158. Before applying the dynamic brake, the throttle must be in IDLE for at least
seconds before moving the dynamic brake or selector lever? ---
A: 30 seconds
B: 60 seconds
C: 20 seconds
D: 10 seconds.
159. When making a running release of the train brakes after desired braking is accomplished,
train brakes may be released if:
A: Brake pipe air is not exhausting.
B: You have made at least a minimum reduction of the brake pipe.
C: You have made at least a 1 0-PSI reduction of the brake pipe.
D: Brakes on the entire train will be released before train speed is reduced to 10 MPH.
160. When locomotive brakes will not hold a train during recharging of the air brake system,
you will:
A: Reverse the locomotive to hold train during recharge.
B: Make an over-reduction to hold train brakes applied while brake system recharges.
C: Set retainer valves to the HP position.
D: Apply sufficient handbrakes to hold the train during recharge.
161. The speed and weight of the train, and the severity of the grade you are operating on, are
the three most important factors affecting stopping distance of a train. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
162. When cutting away from a train, you must first make a -----------------. After
cutting away from train an engineer must _______ _
A: Minimum reduction Place train in emergency using two-way telemetry if equipped
B: Over reduction zone reduction Place train in emergency using two-way telemetry if
equipped
C: Full service reduction Place train in emergency using two-way telemetry if equipped
0: Emergency application Place train in emergency using two-way telemetry if equipped.
163. When leaving your train unattended, in addition to applying sufficient handbrakes, you will:
A: Make an over reduction of at least 1 0 PSI.
B: Place the train brakes in emergency.
C: Make at least a 1 0-PSI reduction but no more than full service.
0: Make a full service reduction.
164. How do you condition the train brake while the train is stopped?
A: Maintain a full service reduction.
B: Maintain a 1 0-PSI brake pipe reduction.
C: Release the brake application after the exhaust has stopped for at least 30 seconds.
0: Maintain at least a 1 0-PSI brake pipe reduction, but not more than a full service
reduction until train is required to move.
165. When possible, what are the preferred procedures while operating through an area with a
temporary speed restriction?
A: Release the train air brakes before entering the restriction and do not exceed dynamic
brake position #4.
B: Use the lowest possible throttle position for starting or moving the train.
C: Minimize changes in train speed or slack condition and limit locomotive brake cylinder
pressure.
0: All of the above
166. When descending a steep grade (1% or more), what must you do as soon as it becomes
apparent that train speed cannot be maintained at or below maximum allowable speed?
A: Make a minimum reduction to control train speed.
B: Immediately make a full service reduction.
C: Place the train in EMERGENCY.
0: After making a full service, place the automatic brake handle in the over reduction zone.
167. When descending a steep grade (1% or more), if a train requires an __ pound or
greater brake pipe reduction to control speed to balance the grade, the train must be
immediately stopped with the train brakes, using emergency if necessary.
A: 12
B: 15
C: 18
0: 26
168. While descending a steep grade (1% or more), you made an 18-PSI or greater brake pipe
reduction to control train speed to balance the grade. What action are you required to
take?
A: Immediately make a full service application.
B: The train must be stopped immediately with the train brakes using emergency if
necessary.
C: Immediately make an over reduction application of at least 10 PSI.
0: Inspect the locomotive consist to ensure that all dynamic brakes are working properly. If
found to be working properly place the train into emergency.
169. What are you required to do when your train, with a locomotive consist of 9,000
horsepower, is cresting a steep grade (1% or more) at 14 MPH?
A: Gradually reduce throttle to at least #4 at least 15 seconds before the locomotive crests
the grade. Increase the throttle position when the locomotive crests the grade.
B: Nothing is required unless the locomotive consists exceeds 12 000 horsepower.
C: Gradually reduce throttle to at least #6 just before the locomotive crests the grade. Do
not increase the throttle position until the train speed increases.
D: Gradually reduce throttle to at least #6 just before the locomotive crests the grade.
Increase the throttle position after the entire train crests the grade.
170. In helper service, the engineer on the lead locomotive consist operates the train brakes.
(True or False)
A: True
B: False
171. If more than 12 helper locomotive axles are required to move a train, cut the helper
locomotive into the train with approximately _ % of the helper locomotive tonnage rating
behind the helper locomotive.
A: 50
B: 60
C: 70
0: 80
172. When adding a helper to a train, before coupling the brake pipe hoses and opening the
angle cocks, the automatic brake valve must be and in the position.
A: Cut Out / Release
B: Cut In I Handle Off
C: Cut In I Release
D: Cut Out I Handle Off
173. If a helper equipped train experiences an emergency brake application, the brake cylinder
pressure on the helper locomotive should be actuated to PSI or less to minimize in
train forces.
A: 25
B: 30
C: 35
D: 40
174. Is it permissible for a train to cut the helper off without stopping unless equipped with a
'helper link' or similar device? (True or False)
A: True
B: False
175. Your train has stalled on an ascending grade. After bunching the slack and stopping, but
before releasing the brakes, how much should the brake pipe reduction be increased?
A: To Full Service.
B: Until brake pipe pressure is 10 PSI below the point of equalization.
C: Until brake pipe pressure is 15 PSI below the point of equalization.
D: To zero (0) at a service rate.
176. While operating on a grade and the dynamic brake on your locomotive consist fails while
in use, what are you required to do?
A: Apply the independent brake immediately to avoid a rapid run-out of slack.
B: Apply the automatic brake immediately with a full service reduction.
C: If necessary make brake pipe reductions sufficient to control the speed and
compensate for the loss of the dynamic braking force.
D: Do not apply the independent brake.
177. When an undesired emergency application occurs or when an emergency situation arises
and it becomes necessary to place the train air brakes in emergency, the engineer must
operate the two-way EOT emergency toggle switch as quickly as possible. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
178. When an emergency brake application is initiated from the automatic brake on the
controlling locomotive, leave the brake valve in the EMERGENCY position, and:
A: Leave the throttle in the position it was in when the automatic brake valve was placed in
EMERGENCY.
B: Promptly place the throttle in the IDLE position.
C: Allow maximum locomotive brake cylinder pressure to develop to provide maximum
retarding force ..
D: Control the locomotive brake cylinder pressure to provide the maximum retarding force
without sliding the locomotive wheels or creating excessive buff forces.
179. The brake pipe pressure on the rear of a moving train drops to 45 PSI or below. What is
required?
A: Immediately make a full service application.
B: Immediately make an emergency application.
C: Monitor the EOT to determine if the telemetry system is defective and report to the train
dispatcher if found to be defective.
D: No action is required until the brake pipe pressure drops to 40 PSI.
180. What are the indications of an undesired service application? (Multiple Answer)
A: An increase in the indication of the air flow indicator.
B: The sound of excessive regulating valve operation.
C: A drop in brake pipe pressure.
D: A decrease in train speed or increase of locomotive output without a known cause.
181. During inclement weather conditions, test the air brake effectiveness using a split service
application to make a 10 PSI brake pipe reduction. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
182. Where can the Train Separation and Train Stall Reports be found?
A: Air Brake and Train Handling Rules
B: System Bulletins
C: System Notices
D: Engineer's Reading File
183. Engineers must have a blank copy of the Train Separation Report and the Train Stall
Report from the Engineer's Reading File before beginning a tour-of-duty. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
184. What are the conditions that would allow a freight train to operate without two-way
A: The train contains more than 4000 trailing tons, operates on less than 1% grade and
does not exceed 30 MPH.
8: The train contains 4000 trailing tons or less, operates on less than 2% grade and does
not exceed 30 MPH.
C: The train contains 4000 trailing tons or less, operates on more than 2% grade and does
not exceed 30 MPH.
D: The train contains more than 4000 trailing tons, operates on more than 1% grade and
does not exceed 30 MPH.
185. What must a train be equipped with in order to perform air brake tests using telemetry?
A: The controlling locomotive must have an operative two-way HTD.
8: The rear car must have an operative EOT.
C: The controlling locomotive must have an operative HTD.
D: Readouts from the EOT and HTD must not differ by more than 3 PSI.
186. What must a train be equipped with in order to comply with the requirements to have twoway
telemetry capability? (Multiple Answer)
A: The controlling locomotive must have an operative HTD capable of two-way operation.
B: The rear car must have an operative EOT.
C: The rear car must have an operative EOT capable of two-way operation.
D: The readouts of the EOT and HTD must not differ by more than 3 PSI.
187. What are the steps required for arming telemetry for two-way operation?
A: Enter the ID Code of the EOT into the HTD. Press the TEST button on the EOT
B: Press the appropriate 'ARM NOW' button of the HTD when prompted. Make certain
that the emergency capability is established as indicated by an 'EMERG ENABLED' or
'ARMED' message.
C: Press the TEST button on the EOT. The HTD unit on all locomotives will arm
automatically.
0: Ensure all locomotives in the consist have "Emerg Enabled" or "Armed" message
displayed on each individual HTD.
188. While en-route your EOT fails. After replacing and Arming the EOT, you are NOT required
to test the emergency capability. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
189. To disarm the emergency capability of two-way telemetry, change the EOT ID Code to
'00000' and press the appropriate button to disarm. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
190. What conditions are considered as en route failures of two-way telemetry? (Multiple
A: When it cannot be successfully armed at a location other than the point of train
origination.
B: DEAD BAT (dead battery) and REPL BAT (replace battery)
C: DISARMD (disarmed) and VALVFAIL (valve failure)
D: FRNOCOM (front-to-rear no communication)
191. Your freight train requires two-way telemetry. You have an en route failure. How are you
allowed to operate?
A: You may not exceed 30 MPH and you may not move the train on 1% grades.
8: You may not move the train on 2% grades.
C: You may not exceed 30 MPH and you may not move the train on 2% grades.
0: You may not continue operation.
192. In order for the locomotive independent brake to be cut in, the double-ported cut-out cock
or MU-2-A valve must be in what position?
A: Out, F rt or Pass
C: Out (Closed) or Trail
0: Controlling
193. What device is used on an EMD diesel engine to indicate that sufficient fuel is being
delivered to the engine?
A: The return fuel sight glass
8: The bypass sight glass
C: The turbo auxiliary pump
0: Scavenging oil pump
194. Where is the overspeed device located on an EMD Locomotive?
A: On the rear of the diesel engine behind the alternator.
8: In the cab on the Engine Control Panel.
C: On the front of the diesel engine, behind the engine governor
0: Right rear corner of the diesel engine
195. What is the normal condition of the bypass sight glass?
A: Full and free of bubbles
B: Empty
C: Filled with fuel during starting procedures
D: Free flowing fuel
196. Where is the overspeed device located on a GE Locomotive?
A: Right rear corner of the diesel engine, below and to the right of the governor.
B: Left rear corner of the diesel engine, below and to the right of the governor.
C: Right front corner of the diesel engine, below and to the right of the governor.
0: Center of the diesel engine behind the governor.
197. What is indicated if fuel is found in the bypass sight glass?
A: Fuel pump service is needed
B: Engine is primed and ready to start
C: Fuel filters are becoming restricted
0: This is the normal position of the bypass sight glass
198. Where is the low water pressure device located on an EMD locomotive?
A: Left front corner of the diesel engine.
B: Right front corner of the diesel engine.
C: Left rear corner of the diesel engine.
0: On the engine control panel.
199. Where is the return sight glass located?
A: Right front corner of the diesel engine.
B: Left rear corner of the diesel engine.
C: Right rear corner of the diesel engine.
0: Left front corner of the diesel engine.
200. On EMD locomotives, what occurs when a low oil pressure device activates?
A: Alarm bell rings and the engine is returned to throttle position #6
B: The engine shuts down and the low oil reset protrudes(located on front of the
governor). The alarm bell rings and the governor shutdown alarm light is lit on the
affected unit.
C: The diesel engine reduces to idle and the alarm bell rings.
D: The throttle-limiting relay is energized returning the engine to throttle #6 the alarm bell
rings and the red alarm light is lit on the affected unit.
201. On an EMD locomotive, what happens when the low water pressure device trips?
A: Alarm bell rings and the engine is returned to throttle position #6.
8: Low water button protrudes, low oil pressure device (LOPD) trips shutting diesel engine
down.
C: Low oil pressure device (LOPD) trips shutting diesel engine down.
D: Low water button will trip causing the PC knockdown feature to place the train in
Emergency.
202. What is the purpose of the overspeed device on a diesel engine?
A: To limit the locomotive maximum speed.
B: Prevents the diesel engine from turning the traction motors faster than their rated speed.
C: To shutdown the diesel engine when maximum safe engine RPM is exceeded.
0: To limit tractive effort under a heavy load.
203. Where is the crankcase overpressure device located on an EMD locomotive?
A: Left front corner of the diesel engine.
B: Right front corner of the diesel engine.
C: Left rear corner of the diesel engine.
0: On the engine control panel.
204. How many times can you reset the crankcase overpressure device?

A: 3
B: 2
C: 1
D: Never, the diesel engine must remain shut down
D: Never, the diesel engine must remain shut down

REF: Locomotive/Diesel Engine/APU Handout ; POD
205. Where is the crankcase overpressure device located on older GE locomotives?
A: On the engine control panel.
B: Right front corner of the diesel engine.
C: Left rear corner of the diesel engine.
0: Right rear corner of the diesel engine.
206. The locomotive is equipped with either duplex air gauges or a computer display that
provides the engineer with information about air pressures. What are the names of these
gauges or displays?
A: Brake cylinder, equalizing reservoir, brake pipe and main reservoir
B: Auxiliary reservoir, brake pipe, brake cylinder and main reservoir
C: Brake pipe, brake cylinder, emergency reservoir and main reservoir
0: Brake cylinder, brake pipe, auxiliary reservoir and emergency reservoir.
207. What gauge on the engineer's control stand indicates the rate of flow of brake pipe
pressure to the train?
A: Brake Cylinder
B: Air Flow Indicator
C: Equalizing Reservoir
D: Brake Pipe Cylinder
208. When brake pipe pressure increases 1 % to 2 pounds more than the pressure in the
auxiliary reservoir, the freight car air brake control valve moves to the release position.
(True or False)
A: True
B: False
209. How much brake cylinder pressure is developed on a freight car when a fully charged 90
PSI brake pipe is reduced 10 PSI?
A: 10 PSI
B: 15 PSI
C: 20 PSI
D: 25 PSI
210. Brake pipe pressure acts as a signal in a freight car's control valve. Decreasing air in the
brake pipe will apply the brakes on the locomotive and the train. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
211. The air brake control valve on a freight car reacts to changes in the brake pipe and
thereby controls:
A: Charging of the reservoirs.
B: Appling the air brakes.
C: Relaying Main Reservoir pressure to the brakes.
D: Releasing the air brakes.
212. When will the freight car air brake control valve move to the release position?
A: Whenever brake pipe pressure is increased 1% to 2 PSI above that in the auxiliary
reservoir.
B: Whenever brake pipe pressure is decreased 1% to 2 PSI below that in the auxiliary
reservoir.
C: Whenever the emergency reservoir is placed in communication with the brake cylinders.
D: Whenever brake cylinder pressure is increased 1% to 2 PSI above that in the auxiliary
reservoir.
213. What position on an automatic brake is used to apply the maximum service application of
the train brakes without applying an emergency application?
A: Service zone
B: Full service
C: Emergency
D: Minimum reduction
214. Under what situations would you cut out the automatic brake? (Multiple Answer)
A: The locomotive is the controlling unit of the in-train or rear-of-train helper.
B: The locomotive is the trailing locomotive
C: Making a brake pipe leakage test using the brake pipe leakage method.
D: Testing brake pipe leakage using the Air Flow Method.
215. During initial braking, what happens in the brake cylinder when you make a MINIMUM
REDUCTION?
A: When the reduction is made brake cylinder pressure is increased to 15 PSI.
B: You get 10 to 12 PSI brake cylinder pressure on the first car in you train to gradually
C: You get 25 PSI brake cylinder pressure on each car in your train to gradually adjust
train slack.
D: You get 10 to 12 PSI brake cylinder pressure on each car in your train to gradually
216. How should the automatic brake handle be positioned on the trailing units in a locomotive
consist or the controlling unit of an in-train or rear-of-train helper?
A: Release
B: Full service
C: Handle off
D: Suppression
217. The Automatic Brake Cut-Out Valve is a device used to cut in or cut out the automatic
brake valve. Where is this device located?
A: On the automatic brake
B: On the side of the control stand
C: Accessed through on board computer screen
D: On the automatic brake or accessed through on-board computer screen.
218. What position on the automatic brake is used to make a reduction of 6 to 8 PSI in
equalizing reservoir pressure?
A: Full service
B: Minimum Reduction
C: Suppression
D: First Application
219. The purpose of the release position on an automatic brake valve is to:
A: Release the brakes on the cars only.
B: Release the brakes on the locomotive and train.
C: Charge the equipment on the locomotive and train and reset a penalty air brake
application.
D: Release the brakes on the locomotive only.
220. What position on the automatic brake valve is used to create or reset an emergency brake
application?
A: Suppression
B: Handle off
C: Full service
D: Emergency
221. What position would the automatic brake cutout valve be in on a trailing unit?
A: Cut in
8: Cut out
C: Freight position
D: Trail position
222. You have made an initial brake pipe reduction. What area on the automatic brake valve is
used to make reductions in equalizing reservoir pressure for additional braking up to full
service?
A: Application zone
8: Over-reduction zone
C: Service zone
D: Suppression.
223. The Suppression position of the automatic brake valve is used to reset emergency brake
applications. (True or False)
A: True
8: False
224. Correctly name, IN ORDER, the positions of the automatic brake valve, starting with the
Release position.
A: Release, Minimum Reduction, Service Zone, Handle Off, Suppression, Full Service,
Over Reduction, Emergency
8: Release, Minimum Reduction, Suppression, Service Zone, Handle Off, Over Reduction,
Full Service, Emergency
C: Release, Minimum Reduction, Service Zone, Suppression, Over Reduction,
Emergency, Handle Off, Full Service
D: Release, Minimum Reduction, Service Zone, Full Service, Suppression, Over
Reduction, Handle Off, Emergency
225. On locomotives so equipped, the power cut off (PC) switch will operate when there is a
penalty or emergency air brake application. When the switch operates, how will the power
on the locomotive react?
A: It will be eliminated immediately on an in-train or rear of train helper after an emergency
application
B: It will be eliminated immediately after an engineer initiated emergency application
C: It will be eliminated after a 20-second delay for a train-line initiated emergency
application
0: It will be eliminated immediately after a penalty application.
226. Which of the following rule violations would result in your certification as a locomotive
engineer being revoked? (Multiple Answer)
A: You enter a work authority without permission of the employee in charge.
B: You fail to stop and provide flag protection over a public road crossing that has been
required by train message or special instructions.
C: You enter a Track Warrant Control (TWC) block without obtaining proper authority.
D: You place your grip on the pneumatic foot pedal (deadman).
227. Each locomotive engineer who has received a certificate shall have that certificate in his
or her possession while on duty as an engineer and display that certificate upon request to
do so from the FRA or company officer. (True or False)
A: True
B: False
228. How should the independent brake handle be positioned on trailing units in the consist?
A: Release
B: Application zone
C: Actuating
D: Fully applied.
229. Each certified locomotive engineer shall report motor vehicle incidents to the employing
railroad within hours of being convicted for or completed state action to cancel,
revoke, suspend or deny a motor vehicle license.
A: 24
B: 36
C: 48
D: Never, it's none of their business
230. With desktop control stands, how may the locomotive brakes be fully released after an
automatic brake application?
A: By placing the independent brake handle in the release position and pushing it to the
right or pressing the pushbutton located on the independent or automatic brake handle.
B: By moving the independent brake handle to the right and pressing the pushbutton
located on the independent or automatic brake handle.
C: By placing the independent brake handle in the release position and bumping the
handle downward.
D: By placing the independent brake handle in the release position and holding it
depressed.
231. What is the purpose of the application zone on an independent brake?
A: To increase brake cylinder pressure uniformly throughout the train.
B: To decrease brake cylinder pressure uniformly throughout the train.
C: To increase or decrease the amount of brake cylinder pressure applied on the
locomotive.
0: None of the answers are correct.
232. With conventional brakes and EAB upright control stands (i.e. 26 brake), how may the
locomotive brakes be fully released after an automatic brake application?
A: By placing the independent brake handle in the release position
B: By placing the independent brake in the release position and holding the handle in the
actuating position
C: By pressing the push buttons on either the automatic brake handle or the independent
brake handle while in the release position
0: By placing the automatic brake handle in the Suppression position
233. How should the double-ported cutout cock or MU-2-A valve be positioned when the
locomotive is in a lead or controlling position?
A: In a lead or open position
B: Out
C: In a closed or trail position
0: Frt. or pass
234. What is the purpose of the Release position on an independent brake?
A: To release the brakes on the locomotive consist after an independent brake application
B: To release the brakes on the train after an automatic brake application
C: To release the brakes on the locomotive and train after an independent brake
application
0: To nullify the extended range dynamic brake feature.
235. Name the handle positions, feature and zone on an independent brake.
A: Full release, release and application zone
B: Release, application zone, actuating, slow release and quick release
C: Release, actuating, partial actuating, release and slow application zone
D: Release, actuating, application zone and full application.
236. How should the double-ported cutout cock or MU-2-A valve be positioned when the
locomotive is in a trailing position?
A: In a lead or open position
B: Out
C: In a closed or trail position
D: Frt. or pass.
237. What is required when an automatic drain valve on a locomotive main reservoir
continuously exhausts air in the 'Automatic' position?
A: Leave the automatic drain valve in the 'Automatic' position and stop air compressor
B: After moving the automatic drain valve to the 'Closed' position, open it a small amount
to allow a very slow air leak.
C: Move the automatic drain valve to the 'Cycling' position and leave in this position.
D: Place the automatic drain valve in the 'Open' position then back to the 'Automatic'
position to reset it.
238. What is the normal operating position of the automatic drain valve on the locomotive main
reservoir?
A: Automatic
B: Closed
C: Open
D: Cycling
239. When will certified locomotive engineers notify the employing railroad if the person's best
correctable vision or hearing has deteriorated to the extent that the person no longer
meets one or more of the prescribed vision or hearing standards?
A: Prior to any subsequent operation of a locomotive or train
B: As soon As Possible
C: During Recertification
D: Within 90 days of being notified by a qualified physician.
240. Which of the following is a Revocation Event with respect to locomotive engineer
A: Failure to adhere to procedures for the safe use of train or engine brakes when the
procedures are required for compliance with Class I, Class II, Class Ill, Transfer Train
brake tests.
B: Failure to adhere to limitations concerning train speed when the speed at which the
train was operated exceeds the maximum authorized limit by at least 10 mph.
C: Occupying main track or a segment of main track without proper authority or permission.
D: Failure to control a locomotive or train in accordance with a signal indication, excluding
a hand or radio signal indication or a switch, that requires a complete stop before
passing it.
241. You are operating your train at restricted speed and you fail to stop within 1/2 the range of
vision, resulting in an FRA reportable accident or incident. Which Revocation Event did
you violate?
A: Stop Signal
B: Track Segment
C: Train or Engine Brakes
D: Overspeed
242. Certain rule violations require that the engineer's certification is suspended and revoked.
These violations are referred to as Revocation Events. (True or False)
A: True
8: False
243. What means is provided to determine how much oil is in an air compressor?
A: A sight glass
8: An indicator light
C: A dipstick
D: An overflow plug valve.
244. Check the air dryer's humidity indicator when performing a Calendar Day Inspection or when making a walk-around inspection. When the indicator color is other than
____ , it must be recorded on the locomotive work report.

A: Red
B: White
C: Yellow/brown
D: Blue
c
 Author: sadew ID: 280484 Card Set: Locomotive Engineer Training ABTH and Mechanical Rules Study Guide.txt Updated: 2014-08-11 00:06:27 Tags: locomotive Folders: Description: locmotive Show Answers: