Foraging for wild plants and hunting wild animals is the most ancient of human subsistence patterns.
Foragers generally have a passive dependence on what the environment contains. (t/f)
Some East African and Western North American foragers in are known to have periodically regenerated the productivity of their environments by intentionally burning grasslands and sparse woodlands. (t/f)
True - encouraged new vegetation growth, attracting game animals.
Economic roles are mostly based on gender and age. (t/f)
It is unusual for some tasks to be performed by either men or women. (t/f)
False - it ISN'T unusual for some to be performed by both genders
Foragers settle temporarily... give an example of this.
Ojibwa in Wisconsin located around small lakes to gather wild rice.
The length of time that foragers stay in any one location is largely determined by the availability of food and water that is readily
Foraging populations are very high density compared to other subsistence patterns. (t/f)
False - they're low density
The band size tends to stabilize well below the carrying capacity of the local environment. Why?
- social factors limit the community size (not food scarcity)
- more people = more potential conflict
3 major variations of foraging and define
1.Pedestrian (diversified hunting and gathering on foot)
2.Equestrian (concentrating on hunting large mammals from horseback)
3.Aquatic (concentrating on fish and/or marine mammal hunting usually from boats)
Prior to invention of agriculture ____ years ago, almost all people lived like pedestrian foragers.
Equestrian foragers have evolved in only two areas of the world--the Great Plains of North
America and the sparse grasslands of Southern Argentina. (t/f)
Equestrian foraging allowed Native Americans to follow migration of ____ over hundreds of miles.