HISTORY 17A

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belona12
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2807
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HISTORY 17A
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2009-12-11 11:24:52
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FINAL
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TERMS AND EVENTS AND PEOPLE
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  1. STATE FRANCHISE (VOTING) LAWS, POST-REVOLUTIONARY YEARS
    VOTERS IN MARYLAND HAD TO OWN FIFTY ACRES OF LAND OR E30, A BARRIER TO ONE THIRD OF ADULT WHITE MALES , IN MOST DEMOCRATIC STATES VOTERS AND CANDIDATES NEEDED TO BE TAYPAYERS OWNING ENOUGH PROPERTY TO OWE TAXES, WOMEN UNABLE TO VOTE, 3 STATES SPECIFIED VOTERS HAD TO BE MALE, BY 1780S VOTING EVERYWHERE WAS CLASS SPECIFIC DUE TO THE PROPERTY RESTICTIONS
  2. EMANCIPATION LAWS (SOME STATES) POST REVOLUTIONARY YEARS
    PENNSYLVANIA INFANTS BORN TO A SLAVE MOTHER ON OR AFTER MARCH 1 1780 WOULD BE FREED BUT NOT UNTIL AGE TWENTY EIGHT, RHODE ISLANS AND CONNECTICUT ADOPTED GRADUAL EMANCIPATION IN 1784, 1785 NEW YORK EXPANDED THE TERMS UNDER WHICH INDIVIDUAL OWNERS COULD FREE SLAVES BUT ONLY IN 1799 DID THE STATE ADOPT A GRADUAL EMANICIPATION LAW, NEW JERSEY FOLLOWED IN 1804
  3. MANUMISSION
    PASSED IN 1782 IN VIRGINIA, 1787 IN DELAWARE AND 1790 IN MARYLAND. ACT OF FREEING SLAVES AT THE OWNERS WILL
  4. FEME COVERT DOCTRINE
    LEGAL DOCTRINE WHEREBY UPON MARRIAGE A WOMANS LEGAL RIGHTS WERE SUBSUMED BY THOSE OF HER HUSBAND, AND ADULT UNMARRIED WOMAN WAS CONSIDERED TO HAVE THE LEGAL STATUS OF FEME SOLE WHILE A MARRIED WHOMAN HAD THE STATUS OF FEMEM COVERT (COVERED WOMAN). a FEME COVERT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED AS HAVING LEGAL RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS DISTINCT FROM THOSE OF HER HUSBAND IN MOST RESPECTG, THROUGH MARRIAGE A WOMANS EXISTANCE WAS INCORPORATED INTO THAT OF HER HUSBAND SO THAT SHE HAD VERY FEW RECOGNIZED INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS OF HER OWN.
  5. REPUBLICAN MOTHER
    CHILDREN SHOULD BE RAISED TO UPHOLD THE IDEALS OF REPUBLICIANISM, MAKING THEM PERFECT CITIZENS OFTHE NEW NATION. WOMEN EXPECTED TO PARTAKE IN PROMOTING VAULES OF REPUBLICANISM AND HAD TO PLAY A SPECIAL ROLE IN RAISING THEIR CHILDREN.
  6. JUDITH SERGENT MURRAY
    1751-1820 WOMANS ACTIVIST, WROTE ON THE EQUALITY OF SEXES, OFTEN POSSED AS A MAN TO HAVE HER WORK RECOGNIZED
  7. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 1780S
    1778, DIFFICULT TO IMPLEMENT, MAINLY BC THE 13 STATES HAD SERIOUS DISAGREEMENTS ABOUT HOW TO MANAGE LANDS TO THE WEST WHOSE POLITICAL OWNERSHIP WAS CONTESTED. THE FIRST WRITTEN FRAME OF GOVT THAT BOUND TOGETHER THE 13 REBELLING COLONIES. OFFICIAL VERSION AFTER RATIFICATION IN FEBRUARY


    • oDrafted by 2nd Continental Congress (1777)
    • oArticle II guaranteed each state would retain sovereignty
    • oStructure of government under Articles
    • nPower flowed from the states to the Congress of the Confederation
    • oShays’ Rebellion (1786), although suppressed, illustrated the Confederation’s weaknesses, its inability to maintain order and provide security
  8. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY
    LAWMAKER DOMINANCE, CONTROVERSIAL IDEA THAT LEGISLAVE HAS MORE POWER THAN THE 2 OTHER BRANCHES
  9. STATE SUPREMACY (STATE RIGHTS)
    CLAUSE IN THE US CONSTITUTION ARTIVE VI PARAGRAPH 2. THE CLAUSE ESTABLISHED THE CONSTITUTION. FEDERAL STATUTUES, AND US TREATIES AS THE SUPREME LOAS OF THE LAND, MANDATING STATE JUDGES TO UPHOLD THESE HIGHEST FORM OF LAW IN THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM EVEN IF THE STATE LAWS OR CONSTITUTIONS CONFLICT
  10. UNICAMERAL VS BICAMERAL LEGISLATURES
    UNICAMERAL A LEGISLATURE WITH ONLY ONE LEGISLATIVE SUCH AS THE US CONGRESS, NEBRASKA IS CURRENTLY THEO NLY STATE WITH A UNICAMERAL LEGISLATURE. BICAMERAL A LEGISLATURE MADE UP OF TWO PARTS CALLED CHAMBERS. THE US CONGRESS COMPOSED OF THE HOUSE AND THE SENATE IS AN EXAMPLE
  11. NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 1787
    ACGT OF THE CONGRESS OF CONFEDERATION OF THE US IN 1787, NORTHEWEST TERRITORY FIRST ORGANIZED TERRITOY OF THE US OUT OF THE REGION SOUTH OF GREAT LAKES AND NORTH AND WEST OF OHIO RIVER AND EAST OF MISSISSIPPI RIVER. JERFFERSON PROPOSED CREATING SEVENTEEN ROUGHLY RECTANGULAR STATES.
  12. THE CRITICAL YEARS 1780S
  13. POSTWAR DEPRESSION
  14. TARIFFS
  15. COMMERCIAL TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN
  16. BARBARY PIRATES
  17. EXCESS OF DEMOCRACY (JAMES MADISONS COMPLAINT ABOUT STATES)
  18. SHAY'S REBELLION 1786-1787
    NAMED AFTER DANIEL SHAYS A VETERAN OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION WHO LETD THE REBELS, SHAYS REBELLION WAS AN ARMED UPRISING IN CENTRAL AND WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS FROM 1786-1787, LAST BATTLE OF REVOLTUION
  19. ANNAPOLIS MEETING 1786
    MTG AT ANNAPOLIS MARYLAND OF 12 DELEGATES FROM 5 STATES (NEW JERSEY, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, DELAWARE, AND VIRGINIA) CALLED FOR A CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. SEPTEMER 11-SEPTEMBER 14 1786
  20. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION (PHILADELPHIA 1787)
    MAY 25-SEPTEMBER 17 1787, IN PHILADELPHIA TO ADRESS PROBLEMS IN GOVERNING HTE US WHICH HAD BEEN UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, RESULT OF CONVENTION WAS THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION
  21. SEPARATION OF POWERS AND CHECKS AND BALANCES BETWEEN
    • oSeparation of powers/checks and balances at national level aimed at preventing national government from becoming too powerful
    • oFederalism allows for “vertical” checks and balances between states and the national government
    • oStates’ checks = reserved powers; representation in Congress; vote for president; amendment process; administration of national programs
    • oNational government’s checks = expressed and implied powers; Supremacy clause; commerce clause; federal grants

    • nDividing governmental powers between legislature (makes laws), judicial (interprets laws), and executive (administers laws)
    • nProviding checks on abuse of power
  22. BIG (VA) VS SMALL STATES (NJ) PLANS
  23. THE GREAT COMPROMISE
    resulted in a bicameral legislature, with one house based on equal representation (Senate), the other on population (House)
  24. 3/5TH COMPROMISE
    resulted in slaves being counted as “3/5” of a person for the purpose of determining population for representation in the House of Representatives
  25. JAMES FRANKLIN
    HALF BROTHER OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, PUBLISHED THE THE NEW ENGLAND COURANT ONE OF THE OLDEST AND FIRST INDEPENDENT AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS 1721
  26. PLAN FOR MORAL PERFECTION
  27. PROTESTANT WORK ETHIC
  28. POOR RICHARDS ALMANACK
    "THE WAY TO HEALTH" (OR POOR RICHARD IMPROVED)
    FATHER ABRAHAM
  29. FEDERALIST ERA 1790S
    was a time period in American history from roughly 1789-1801 when the Federalist Party was dominant in American politics. This period saw the adoption of the United States Constitution and the expansion of the federal government. In addition, the era saw the growth of a strong nationalistic government under the control of the Federalist Party. Among the most important events of this time period were the foreign entanglements between France and England, the assertion of a strong, centralized federal government, and creation of political parties.
  30. JOHN ADAMS
    2ND PERSIDENT OF US 1797-1801, FIRST VP OF US 1789-1797, DELEGATRE FROM MASS FOR CONTINENTAL CONGRESS HE PLAYED A ROLE IN PERSUADING CONGRESS TO ADOPT THE DECLARATION
  31. ALEXANDER HAMILTON
    FIRST US SECRETARY OF TREASURY, FOUNDING FATHER, 1757-1804 CHEIF OF STAFF TO GEORGE WASHINGTON, CONSTITUTIONAL LAWYER, WROTE HALF OF FEDERALIST PAPERS, CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION
  32. HAMILTON'S ECONOMIC PROGRAM
    FEDERAL ASSUMPTION OF STATES' DEBTS
    TARIFFS AND OTHER TAXES
    NATIONAL BANK
    IMPLIED POWERS DOCTRINE (OR BOARD) VS STRICT CONSTRUCTION
  33. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS
    FOUNDED BY JEFFERSON AND MADISON AROUND 1792, DOMINANT POLI PARTY IN THE US FROM 1800-1824, OPPOSED THE JAY TREATY OF 1794 WITH BRITAIN AND SUPPORTED GOOD RELATIONS WITH FRANCE BEFORE 1801
  34. 1796 ELECTION
    FIRST CONTESTED AMERICAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION AND THE ONLY ONE TO ELECT A PRESIDENT AND VP FROM OPPOSING TICKETS, JOHN ADAMS FEDERALIST AND THOMAS JEFFERSON DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN
  35. QUASI-WAR WITH FRANCE
    UNDECLARED WAR FOUGHT ALMOST ENTIRELY AT SEA BETWEEN US AND FRANCE FROM 1798-1800, IN US CONFLICT WAS SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS THE FRANCO AMERICAN WAS THE UNDECLARED WAR WITH FRANCE, THE PIRATE WAR OR THE HALF WAR, 1798, PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS IN OFFICE
  36. ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS
    4 BILLS PASSED IN 1798 BY THE FEDERALIST IN THE 5TH UNITED STATES CONGRESS, WAGING AN UNDELCARED NAVAL WAS WTIH FRANCE KNOWNS AS THE QUASI WAR, SIGNED INTO LAW BY PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS, BECAME A MAJOR POLI ISSUE IN THE ELECTIONS OF 1798 AND 1800
  37. VA & KY RESOLVES
  38. 1800 ELECTION
    • REVOLUTION OF 1800, VP THOMAS JEFFERSON DEFEATED PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS, USHERED A GENERATION OF DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICAN PARTY RULE AND THE EVENTUAL DEMISEE OF THE FEDERALIST PARTY IN THE FIRST PARTY SYSTEM.
    • CANIDATES WERE JOHN ADAMS, AARON BURR, JOHN JAY, THOMAS JEFFERSON, CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY
  39. 12TH AMENDMENT
    PROVIDES THE PREOCEDURE BY WHICH THE PRESIDENT AND VP ARE ELECTED, REPLACED THE PROCEDURE OF THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE UNDER ARTICLE 2 SECTION 1 CLAUSE 3 WHICH DEMONSTRATED PROBLEMS IN ELECTIONS OF 1796 AND 1800, PROPOSED TO CONGRESS ON DECEMBER 9 1803 AND RATIFIED BY THE REQUISTE NUMBER OF STATE LEGISLATURES ON JUNE 15 1804
  40. JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY
    SET OF POLITICAL GOALS NAMED AFTER THOMAS JEFFERSON, DOMINATED AMERICAN POLITICAS FROM 1800-1820S, PREACHED RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUAL AND STATES, BILL OF RIGHTS A CENTRAL THEME, CORE POLI VALUE OF AMERICA IS REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
  41. LAISSEZ FAIRE
  42. YEOMAN FARMERS
  43. LOUISIANA PURCHASE 1803
    ACQUISTION BY THE US OF THE 828800 SQUARE MILES OF THE FRENCH TERRITORY LOUISIANA IN 1803, US PAID 60 MILLION FRANCS PLUS CANCELLATION OF DEBTS WROTH 18 MILLION FRANCS A TOTAL COST OF 15 MILLION DOLLARS FOR THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY.
  44. BRITISH & FRENCH NAVAL BLOCKDATES
  45. IMPRESSMENT ISSUE, CIRCA 1806-1812
    CHESAPEAKE INCIDENT 1807
  46. EMBARGO ACT 1807
    A BILL THAT BANNED TRADE BETWEEN THE US AND OTHER NATIONS, BILL PREVENTED ANY SHIPS FROM LEAVING AMERICAN PORTS THUS HINDERING EXPLORATION EFFORTS, CREATED AT REQUEST OF THOMAS JEFFERSON
  47. NON-INTERCOURSE ACT 1809
    1809 LIFTED ALL EMBARGOES ON AMERICAN SHIPPING EXCEPT FOR THOSE BOUNF FOR BRITISH OR FRENCH PORTS, INTENT WAS TO DAMAGE THE ECONOMIES OF THE UK AND FRANCE
  48. TECUMESH AND THE PROPHET
  49. BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE 1811
    FOUGHT ON NOVEMEMBER 7 1811, BETWEEN US FORCES LED BY GOVERNOR WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON IN THE INDIANA TERRITORY AND FORCES OF TECUMSEHS GROWING AMERICAN INDIAN CONFEDERATION LED BY HIS BROTHER TENSKWATAWA, BATTLE TOOK PLACE OUTSIDE PROPHETSTWON AND THE CONFLUENCE OF TIPPECANOE AND WABASH RIVERS
  50. WAR HAWKS
    USED TO DESCRIBE THE MEMEBERS OF HOUSE OF REP OF THE 12 CONGRESS OF THE US WHO ADVOCATED WAR AGAINST GREAT BRITIAN IN THE WAR OF 1812. WAR HAWKS IN THE 12TH CONGRESS WERE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS
  51. WAR OF 1812 (1812-1814)
    BETWEEN THE US AND BRITISH EMPIRE LASTED FROM 1812-1814, FOUGHT ON THE ATLANTI OCEAN AND ON THE LAND COASTS AND WATERWAYS OF NORTH AMERICA, TRADE RESTRICTION, IMPRESSMENT OF US CITIZENS INTO THE ROAY NAVY, THE BRITISH MILITARY SUPPORT FOR AMERICAN INDIANS WHO WERE OFFERING ARMED RESISTANCE TO THE EXPANSION OF THE AMERICAN FRONTIER TO THE NORTHWEST.
  52. HARTFORD CONVENTION DEC 1814
    DURING WAR OF 1812
  53. BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, JAN 1815
    A PROLONGED BATTLE WHICH TOOK PLACE AROUND NEW ORLEANS LOUISIANA FROM DEC 23 1814 TO JAN 8 1815, FINAL MAJOR BATTLE OF WAR OF 1812, AMERICAN FORCES DEFEATED AN INVADING BRITISH ARMY INTENT ON SEIZING NEW ORLEANS AND THE VAST TERRITOY AMERICA HAD QCQUIRED WITH THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE.
  54. TREATY OF GHENT DEC 1814
    SIGNED ON DECEMBER 24 184 IN GHENT NETHERLANDS, WAS THE PEACE TREATY THAT ENDED THE WAR OF 1812 BETWEEN US AND UK AND IRELAND, TREATY LARGELY RESTORED RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES, IT TOOK WEEKS FOR NEWS OF THE PEACE TREATY TO REACH AMERICA, WELL AFTER THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS HAD BEGUN.

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