Theories

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chicaevie
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28086
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Theories
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2010-07-27 21:38:08
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Theories
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Final Exam
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  1. Person Centered
    • Carl Rogers
    • Need relationship w/ client
    • Positive view of Human Nature
    • Unconditional Positive Regard
    • Focus on Person not problem
    • Focus on greater degree of independence and integration of the individual
    • Role of therapist is to have no role
    • Attitude is key w/ the therapist, not technique
    • Avoid asking leading questions
    • Don’t take history
    • Therapist is a catalyst for change
    • Congruent and genuine
  2. Psychoanalysis
    • Sigmund Freud
    • Psychosexual
    • Unconscious - focus
    • Defense mechanisms
    • Id, Ego, & Superego
  3. Gestalt
    • Fritz Perls
    • Primary goal is Awareness
    • Here and now, unfinished business, empty chair
    • Internal dialogue, nonverbal cues
  4. Postmodern
    • SFBT - focus on solutions, miracle question
    • Narative - stories
    • Client is expert
    • Social Constructionism
  5. Cognitive-Behavior/REBT
    • Change in thoughts
    • Cognitive restructuring
    • Albert Ellis - REBT
    • Irrational thoughts, self-talk, musturbation
    • A-B-C approach to reframing
    • Highly directive, persuasive & confrontive
  6. Family Systems
    • Family context - roles, boundaries, interactions
    • Uses Genogram
  7. Reality/Choice
    • William Glasser
    • "ing"
    • Client assumes responsibility
    • Choice theory, WDEP model
    • Purposeful behavior - satisfy needs
    • No diagnosis, paining behaviors
    • Inner "quality world"
  8. Behavioral
    • Objective,measurable, specific goals - this theory you can prove, can see and measure (schools)
    • Skinner - operant conditioning (chicken rewards)
    • Pavlov - classical conditioning (dog)
    • BASIC ID
    • Outcomes, evaluation
  9. Feminist
    • Gender Roles
    • Empowerment, interdependence
    • Social Change
  10. Adlerian
    • Adler & Dreikurs (brought to US0
    • Encouragement - build sefl confidence
    • Lifestyle assessment, family constellations, birth order
    • Early recollections
    • Belongin is important
    • Birth order is important
    • Re-educate to know they are equal w/ piers
    • Family constellation
    • Establish relationships
  11. Why is birth order important, and w/ what theory?
    • Shows how when adult will relat to the world
    • Adlerian
  12. What are the psychosexual stages and w/ what theory?
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  13. Id
    • Pleasure principle
    • Largely unconscious, or out of awareness
    • Self seeking
  14. Ego
    • Mediator
    • Reality principle
  15. Superego
    • Moral code
    • Decides if the action is good or bad, right or wrong.
  16. What is unconditional positive regard and from what theorist and theory?
    • Not judging accepting the person as they are.
    • Rogers - Person Centered
  17. Why is early recollections important, and what theory and theorist?
    • Adler - Adlerian, therapist believe it can help asses:
    • The person's convictions about self, others, life, and ethics
    • Stance in relation to the counslor
    • Coping patters
    • Individual strengths, assets, etc.
  18. Uncondional Positive Regard - name theory
    Person Centered - Rogers
  19. Encouragement - name theory
    Adlerian - Adler & Dreikurs
  20. Psychosexual Stages - name theory
    Psychoanalytic - Freud
  21. Focus on awareness - name theory
    Gestalt - Fritz Perls
  22. SFBT - name theory
    Postmodern
  23. Change in Thoughts - name theory
    Cognitive Behavior/REBT
  24. Family context - roles, boundaries, interactions - name theory
    Family Systems
  25. Gender Roles - name theory
    Feminist
  26. Client assumes responsibility - name theory
    Realty/Choice
  27. Objective, measurable, specific goals
    Behavioral - Skinner/Pavlov
  28. Relationship w/ client, positive view of human nature - name theory.
    Person-Centered - Rogers
  29. Family Constellations - name theory.
    Adlerian - Adler & Dreikurs
  30. Unconscious - focus
    Freud - Psychoanalysis
  31. Here and now, unfinished business - name the theory.
    Gestalt - Fritz Perls
  32. Narrative - stories - name theory.
    Postmodern
  33. Cognitive restructuring - name the theory
    CBT/REBT - Ellis
  34. Genograms - name the theory
    Family Systems
  35. Empowerment, inderdependence - name the theory
    Feminist
  36. Choice theory - name the theory.
    Reality/Choice
  37. Operant conditioning - name theory.
    Behavioral - Skinner
  38. Classical Conditioning - name the theory.
    Pavlov - Behavioral
  39. Early Recollections - name theory.
    Adlerian - Adler & Dreikurs
  40. Defense mechanisms - name theory.
    Psychoanalysis - Freud
  41. Empty Chair
    Gestalt - Perls - (whole)
  42. Client is the expert - name theory.
    Postmodern
  43. Self talk - name theory.
    CBT/REBT - Ellis
  44. Purposeful behavior - satisfy needs - name theory.
    Reality/Choice - Glasser
  45. Outcomes, evaluation - name theory.
    Behavioral - Skinner/Pavlov
  46. Uses "ing" a lot - name theory.
    Reality/Choice - Glasser
  47. Internal dialogue, nonverbal cues - name theory.
    Gestalt - whole - Fritz Perls
  48. Social Constructionism, what is this, and what theory?
    Emphasizes the meaning in social relationships. The problem exists only if he client says it exists. Postmodern.
  49. SFBT?
    Solution Focused Brief Therapy - focus on solutions not problems.....Postmodern theory.
  50. What is unconditional positive regard?
    Nonjudgmental expression of respect for all.
  51. What is Humanistic Psycholgy?
    Known as the 3rd force.
  52. What is musterbation?
    Thinking things "must" occur or be done a ceratain way, Albert Ellis
  53. What is WDEP model? and what theory?
    • W = Wants and needs
    • D = Direction and doing
    • E = self-evaluation
    • P = Planning

    Reality/Choice - Glasser
  54. What is BASIC ID and what theory?
    • B = Behavior
    • A = Affective Response
    • S = Sensation
    • I = Interpersonal Relation
    • D = Drugs

    by Lazarus..........Behavioral/Skinner/Pavlov

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