Anatomy Ch1

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brianklein
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280881
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Anatomy Ch1
Updated:
2014-08-30 14:43:30
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Chapter 1
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  1. the subdiscipline of anatomy concerned with diagnosis, treatment, and surgical intervention
    applied/ clinical anatomy
  2. the description of individual parts of the body without reference to disease
    descriptive or systemic anatomy
  3. the study of structures visible without the aid of microscopy
    gross anatomy
  4. measurement and study of the electrical activity of cells
    electrophysiology
  5. the procedures involved in measurement of auditory function
    auditory physiology
  6. the study of all processes involved in breathing
    respiratory physiology
  7. the study concerned with diseased tissue
    pathological anatomy
  8. the body is erect and the palms and arms are face forward
    anatomical position
  9. section that cuts the body into left and right halves
    midsagittal section
  10. section that divides the body into left and right parts
    sagittal section
  11. section that divides the body into upper and lower halves
    transverse section
  12. referring to the front surface of a body
    ventral
  13. referring to the back surface of a body
    dorsal
  14. toward the head
    rostral
  15. toward the tail
    caudal
  16. away from the center of the body
    peripheral
  17. confined to the surface
    surface
  18. closer to the central axis of the body
    deep
  19. away from the midline
    distal
  20. toward midline
    medial, mesial
  21. above, farther from the ground
    superior
  22. below, closer to the ground
    inferior
  23. lying on the belly
    prone
  24. lying on the back
    supine
  25. near a body or structure
    proximal
  26. the portion of the skeleton that is the head and trunk, with the spinal column being the axis
    axial skeleton
  27. the portion of the skeleton that includes only the lower and upper limbs
    appendicular skeleton
  28. the axis of the nervous system, including spinal cord, brainstem, and cerebrum
    neuraxis
  29. extension that continues to the point where the dorsal surfaces approach each other
    hyper extension
  30. dorsiflexion
    hyper extention
  31. referring to the sole of the foot,
    plantar
  32. extension of the toes
    plantar flexion
  33. reaction to the stimulation of the sole of the foot that causes the toes of the feet to grasp
    plantar grasp reflex
  34. turning the sole of the foot inward
    inversion
  35. turning the foot outward
    eversion
  36. referring to the palm of the hand
    palmar
  37. reaction to stimulation of the palm that causes the fingers to grasp
    palmar grasp reflex
  38. rotation of the hand so that the palmar surface is directed inferiorly
    pronation
  39. rotation of the hand so the palmar surface is directed superiorly
    supination
  40. the chest region
    thorax
  41. the region represented externally as the front (anterior) abdominal wall
    abdomen
  42. frontal section is also called the
    coronal section

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