Anatomy Ch1

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Author:
brianklein
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280885
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Anatomy Ch1
Updated:
2014-08-30 15:11:30
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  1. smooth, glassy, blue cartilage for surfaces of bones that come together in joints
    hyaline cartilage
  2. smooth cartilage made up of a mixture of white fibrous and collagen tissue
    fibrocartilage
  3. cartilage that has greater elasticity than other forms of cartilage
    yellow (elastic) cartilage
  4. highly mobile joints lubricated with synovial fluid
    diarthrodial, or synovial joints
  5. groups of tissues working for a single functional purpose
    functional unity
  6. the point of attachment of a muscle that is immobile when a muscle contracts
    origin
  7. the point of attachment of a muscle that is mobile when a muscle contracts
    insertion
  8. muscles that move a structure
    agonists (prime movers)
  9. muscles that oppose a prime mover or agonist
    antagonists
  10. muscles used to stabilize structures
    synergists
  11. distribution of nervous tissue to serve communication between brain and muscles
    innervation
  12. innervation that provides the central nervous system with information about the state of the body or tissues
    sensory (afferent) innervation
  13. innervation that causes muscles to contract or glands to secrete
    motor (efferent/exitatory) innervation
  14. nerve that activates muscle or gland
    motor nerve
  15. tissue consisting of one motor nerve fiber and the muscle fibers to which it attaches
    motor unit
  16. four basic tissues comprise the human body
    epithelial, connective, muscular, neural
  17. composed of the superficial layer of mucous membranes and the cells that make up the skin. good at keeping whatever is covered from seeping out, and keeping some foreign material from getting in.
    epithelial tissue
  18. basement membrane is important in the process of directing ____ ____ for epithelial cells
    growth patterns
  19. ___ tissue lines nearly all of the cavities of the body as well as the tubes that connect them
    epithelial
  20. connective tissue may be ___, ___, or ___ like
    solid, liquid, gel
  21. plasma has numerous functions, among them is the precipitation of _____ when cells are damaged
    clotting
  22. tendons tend to have the morphology of the ____ they serve
    muscles
  23. tendons have great tensile strength because their fibers run ____
    longitudinally
  24. the outer periosteum is tough and fibrous but the inner layer contains cells that facilitate ___ repair
    bone
  25. this material has great tensile strength, compressive strength, and elasticity.
    cartilage
  26. primary form of cartilage for the larynx, trachea, and bronchial passageway, and ribcage
    hyaline
  27. muscles are group of muscle fibers with a single ____ purpose (functional unity)
    functional
  28. fibers of wide, flat muscles tend to radiate from a ___ point of origination
    broad
  29. more cylindrical muscles have ____ points of attachment on either end
    single
  30. muscle fiber can only actively _____.
    shorten
  31. a muscle that is attached closer to a joint will move the bone ____ and _____ than one attached farther from the joint. It will also provide ____ range of movement
    farther and faster, greater
  32. a muscle attached farther from the joint will be able to exert ____ force through its range because of the greater leverage
    greater
  33. muscles are innervated by a ____ nerve, that is responsible for activating the muscle (motor). Another nerve is responsible for monitoring the muscles ____ and state of _____ (sensory)
    single; length, tension

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