Anatomy Ch2

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brianklein
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280889
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Anatomy Ch2
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2014-09-02 15:46:20
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  1. exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
    respiration
  2. the process of bringing air into the lungs for respiration
    inspiration
  3. the process of eliminating air from the lungs for respiration
    expiration
  4. given a gas of constant temperature, increasing (or decreasing) the volume of the chamber in which the gas in contained will cause a corresponding decrease (or increase) in pressure
    boyles law
  5. air sacs in the lungs
    alveoli
  6. referring to the mediastinum or middle space of the thorax, which contains the heart
    mediastinal
  7. the membranous sac enclosing the heart
    pericardium
  8. the membranous sac enclosing the heart
    pericardium
  9. feeling a structure using one's hands
    palpation
  10. near the sternum
    parasternal
  11. device that measures volume of air expelled or inspired
    spirometer
  12. device that measures pressure
    manometer
  13. in respiration, the displacement of air that represents specifically partitioned components of the respiratory system, measured in cubic centimeters or cubic inches
    volume
  14. functional unit that is a combination of respiratory volumes, used to express physiological limits
    capacity
  15. one thousandth of a liter
    milliliter mL
  16. a milliliter or one thousandth of a liter
    cubic centimeter (cc)
  17. the volume of air exchanged during one cycle of respiration
    tidal volume (TV)
  18. tidal volume at rest
    quiet tidal volume
  19. the volume of air that can be expired following passive, tidal expiration (approximately 1000 cc for adults)
    expiratory reserve volume (ERV)
  20. the volume of air in the lungs after a maximum exhalation (approximately 1100 cc in adults)
    residual volume (RV)
  21. the space, representing the conductive passageway of the respiratory system, that contains a volume of air that never undergoes gas exchange (approximately 150 cc in adults)
    dead space air
  22. the combination of inspiratory reserve volume, expiratory reserve volume, and tidal volume, representing the capacity of air available for speech (approximately 4000 cc in adults)
    vital capacity (VC)
  23. the volume of air in the thorax after a passive exhalation (2100 cc in adults)
    functional residual capacity (FRC)
  24. the total volume of the respiratory system that can undergo gas exchange, equaling the sum of tidal volume, inspiratory reserve volume, expiratory reserve volume, and residual volume (approximately 5100 cc in adults)
    total lung capacity (TLC)
  25. the maximum inspiratory volume possible after tidal expiration (approximately 3000 cc in adults)
    inspiratory capacity (IC)
  26. pressure generated as a result of atmospheric gases
    atmospheric pressure (Patm)
  27. pressure in the oral cavity
    intraoral (mouth) pressure (Pm)
  28. pressure beneath the level of the vocal folds
    subglottal pressure (Ps)
  29. pressure in the alveolus
    alveolar, or pulmonary, pressure (Pal)
  30. the region above the vocal folds
    supraglottal
  31. using the muscles of inspiration to impede the outflow of air during expiration
    checking action
  32. the process of measuring and recording the electrical activity associated with muscular contraction
    electromyography
  33. _ cervical vertebrae
    7
  34. __ thoracic vertebrae
    12
  35. __ lumbar
    5
  36. _ sacral
    5
  37. __ or __ fused cocyygeal vertebrae
    3 or 4
  38. pubic girdle is composed of
    ileum, sacrum, pubic bone, and the ischium
  39. the clavicle provides ____ support for the shoulder by its _____ with the scapula
    anterior, articulation
  40. The scapula is only attached to the ____
    clavicle
  41. all ribs are attached to the sternum via ____
    cartillage
  42. 3 classes of ribs
    true ribz, false ribs, floating ribz
  43. ribs 1-7 comprise the ____
    troo ribs. this is because of their more direct attachment to the sternum
  44. ribs 8,9, and 10 compose the ____ ribz
    false
  45. ribz 11 and 12 articulate only with the vertebral column and are therefore considered ____ ribz
    floating

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