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- -story that can reveal a hidden meaning
- -ex: parable, analogy, metaphor
- -calls something to mind without explicitly mentioning it
- -ex: reference, hint
repetition of word/phrase at beginning
ex:My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration
-opp of epistrophe
short story about real incident/person
- contrast/opposition b/w 2 things
- ex: contrary
saying that contains general truth
- address to someone/something not present
- ex: "o thy......"
- an example of a person/thing
- ex: example, model
- -omission of a conjunction b/w arts of a sentence
- -ex: Without looking, without making a sound, without talking
-ex: Call up her father.Rouse him. Make after him, Poison his delight,Proclaim him in the streets. Incense her kinsmen,And, though he in a fertile climate dwell
(shortage of for, and)
where words are repeated in reverse order
idea/feeling a word invokes with its literal meaning
- the literal meaning of a word
- (opp. of connotation)
repetition of word at the end of sentence/clause
- ex: Scarcity and want shall shun you
- ,Ceres’ blessing so is on you.
opp of anaphora
mild word to substitute harsh word
description/explanation of idea/theory
uses words that have different meaning from literal interpretation
secondary story in main story
obvious and intentional exaggeration
dramatic, situational, verbal
dramatic: irony understood by audience but not character
situational: irony where actions have effect that's opp. of what was intended
verbal: where person says/writes one thing and means another
- ex:They do not seem the happiest couple around.
- The ice cream was not too bad.
emotional, songlike poetry
draws resemblance between two different things and attempts to describe one thing in terms of another based on a supposed similarity
ex: you are sunlight and I moon
develops relation on the grounds of close associations as in
ex: “The White House is concerned about terrorism.” The White House here represents the people who work in it.
distinctive emotional quality/character
recurring subject, theme, idea
two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
ex: living death
statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth
ex: I am nobody.
use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or mete
ex: Like father, like son.
point of view
omniscient & objective
omniscient: narrator knows thoughts/feelings of all characters
objective: writer tells what happens without stating more that can be inferred
use of conjunctions in close succession for artistic effect
We have ships and men and money and stores
form of language that has no formal metrical structure. It applies a natural flow of speech
stream of consciousness
where character's toughts are presented in random form
where part is used for the whole or the whole part
ex: The word “sails” refers to a whole ship.
technique adopted by writers to present ideas, characters or places in such a manner that they appeal to more than one senses like hearing, seeing, smell etc. at a given time
ex:you are looking cool