literary terms

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literary terms
2014-08-20 20:13:41

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  1. allegory
    • -story that can reveal a hidden meaning
    • -ex: parable, analogy, metaphor
  2. allusion
    • -calls something to mind without explicitly mentioning it
    • -ex: reference, hint
  3. anaphora
    repetition of word/phrase at beginning

    ex:My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration

    -opp of epistrophe
  4. anecdote
    short story about real incident/person
  5. antithesis
    • contrast/opposition b/w 2 things
    • ex: contrary
  6. aphorism
    saying that contains general truth
  7. apostrophe
    • address to someone/something not present
    • ex: "o thy......"
  8. archetype
    • an example of a person/thing
    • ex: example, model
  9. asyndeton
    • -omission of a conjunction b/w arts of a sentence
    • -ex: Without looking, without making a sound, without talking

    -ex: Call up her father.Rouse him. Make after him, Poison his delight,Proclaim him in the streets. Incense her kinsmen,And, though he in a fertile climate dwell

    (shortage of for, and)
  10. chiasmus
    where words are repeated in reverse order
  11. connotation
    idea/feeling a word invokes with its literal meaning
  12. denotation
    • the literal meaning of a word
    • (opp. of connotation)
  13. epistrophe
    repetition of word at the end of sentence/clause

    • ex: Scarcity and want shall shun you
    • ,Ceres’ blessing so is on you.

    opp of anaphora
  14. euphemism
    mild word to substitute harsh word
  15. exposition
    description/explanation of idea/theory
  16. figurative language
    uses words that have different meaning from literal interpretation
  17. frame story
    secondary story in main story
  18. hyperbole
    obvious and intentional exaggeration
  19. IRONY
    dramatic, situational, verbal
    dramatic: irony understood by audience but not character

    situational: irony where actions have effect that's opp. of what was intended

    verbal: where person says/writes one thing and means another
  20. litotes

    • ex:They do not seem the happiest couple around.
    • The ice cream was not too bad.
  21. lyric poetry
    emotional, songlike poetry
  22. metaphor
    draws resemblance between two different things and attempts to describe one thing in terms of another based on a supposed similarity

    ex: you are sunlight and I moon
  23. metonymy
    develops relation on the grounds of close associations as in

    ex: “The White House is concerned about terrorism.” The White House here represents the people who work in it.
  24. mood
    distinctive emotional quality/character
  25. motif
    recurring subject, theme, idea
  26. oxymoron
    two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect

    ex: living death
  27. paradox
    statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth

    ex: I am nobody.
  28. parallelism
    use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or mete

    ex: Like father, like son.
  29. point of view
    omniscient & objective
    omniscient: narrator knows thoughts/feelings of all characters

    objective: writer tells what happens without stating more that can be inferred
  30. polysydeton
    use of conjunctions in close succession for artistic effect

    We have ships and men and money and stores
  31. prose
    form of language that has no formal metrical structure. It applies a natural flow of speech
  32. stream of consciousness
    where character's toughts are presented in random form
  33. synecdoche
    where part is used for the whole or the whole part 

    ex: The word “sails” refers to a whole ship.
  34. synesthesia
    technique adopted by writers to present ideas, characters or places in such a manner that they appeal to more than one senses like hearing, seeing, smell etc. at a given time

    ex:you are looking cool