OT Study Guide 2 - People.txt

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OT Study Guide 2 - People.txt
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2014-10-03 15:00:43
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Old Testament People - Study Guide 2
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  1. Joshua
    – spy for Israel, moses’ aid, son of nun
  2. Reubenites, Gadites & Half Tribe of Manassah
    .
  3. Rahab
    – prostitute in jericho
  4. Achan
    – hid plunder in his tent from Jericho. Ground swallowed he and family
  5. Caleb
    – representative of Judah, Son of Jephunneh. One of 12 spies in Caanan
  6. Othniel
    – caleb’s cousin. First of the Judges
  7. Acsah
    – caleb’s daughter. Gave to Othniel in marriage for taking kiriath sepher
  8. Adoni-Bezek
    - caananite king, defeated by simeon and Judah who cut off thumbs and big toes
  9. Kenites
    – Jethro’s people
  10. Ehud
    – left-handed Judge, a benjimite, stabbed the fat moabite king Eglon
  11. Eglon
    – king of Moab, stabbed in bedroom by Ehud
  12. Deborah
    – only female judge, 4th judge, led against Jabin king of Canaan, defeated Sisera

    New International Version 1984 Judges 4:1-24 Deborah After Ehud died, the Israelites once again did evil in the eyes of the Lord. So the Lord sold them into the hands of Jabin, a king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor. The commander of his army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth Haggoyim. Because he had nine hundred iron chariots and had cruelly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years, they cried to the Lord for help. Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time. She held court under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites came to her to have their disputes decided. She sent for Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, “The Lord, the God of Israel, commands you: ‘Go, take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead the way to Mount Tabor. I will lure Sisera, the commander of Jabin’s army, with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River and give him into your hands.’” Barak said to her, “If you go with me, I will go; but if you don’t go with me, I won’t go.” “Very well,” Deborah said, “I will go with you. But because of the way you are going about this, the honor will not be yours, for the Lord will hand Sisera over to a woman.” So Deborah went with Barak to Kedesh, where he summoned Zebulun and Naphtali. Ten thousand men followed him, and Deborah also went with him. Now Heber the Kenite had left the other Kenites, the descendants of Hobab, Moses’ brother-in-law, and pitched his tent by the great tree in Zaanannim near Kedesh. When they told Sisera that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor, Sisera gathered together his nine hundred iron chariots and all the men with him, from Harosheth Haggoyim to the Kishon River. Then Deborah said to Barak, “Go! This is the day the Lord has given Sisera into your hands. Has not the Lord gone ahead of you?” So Barak went down Mount Tabor, followed by ten thousand men. At Barak’s advance, the Lord routed Sisera and all his chariots and army by the sword, and Sisera abandoned his chariot and fled on foot. But Barak pursued the chariots and army as far as Harosheth Haggoyim. All the troops of Sisera fell by the sword; not a man was left. Sisera, however, fled on foot to the tent of Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, because there were friendly relations between Jabin king of Hazor and the clan of Heber the Kenite. Jael went out to meet Sisera and said to him, “Come, my lord, come right in. Don’t be afraid.” So he entered her tent, and she put a covering over him. “I’m thirsty,” he said. “Please give me some water.” She opened a skin of milk, gave him a drink, and covered him up. “Stand in the doorway of the tent,” he told her. “If someone comes by and asks you, ‘Is anyone here?’ say ‘No.’” But Jael, Heber’s wife, picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep, exhausted. She drove the peg through his temple into the ground, and he died. Barak came by in pursuit of Sisera, and Jael went out to meet him. “Come,” she said, “I will show you the man you’re looking for.” So he went in with her, and there lay Sisera with the tent peg through his temple—dead. On that day God subdued Jabin, the Canaanite king, before the Israelites. And the hand of the Israelites grew stronger and stronger against Jabin, the Canaanite king, until they destroyed him.
  13. Barak
    – Deborah’s military commander
  14. Place where David killed Goliath
    Valley of Elah
  15. Sisera
    killed by Jael with tent peg
  16. Jael
    Killed Sisera with tent peg, wife of Heber the Kenite
  17. Gideon (Jerub-Baal)
    tribe of Manasseh, Fleece
  18. Zebah and Zalmunna
    midianite kings defeated by Gideon
  19. Abimelech
    son of Gideon, “my father, the king”, killed 70 of his brothers, Killed my a millstone from a woman
  20. Jotham
    only brother of abimelech that escaped massacre
  21. Zebul
    Abimelechs officer, governor of shechem, warned abimelech of rebellion of Gaal
  22. Gaal
    son of ebed, occupied shechem and boasted to Zebul that he could defeat Abimelech
  23. Jephthah
    Illegitimate born Judge of Israel, led battle of Ammon, rash vow and sacrificed daughter
  24. Samson
    son of Manoah
  25. Manoah
    tribe of Dan, father of Sampson
  26. Delilah
    Sampsons love affair the tried to deceive him
  27. Micah
    Micah of Judges – robbed his mother, gave money back and idol made
  28. Jonathan
    the grandson of Moses – invited by Micah as “priest” to attend to idols of Micah
  29. Elimelech
    Naomi’s husband
  30. Naomi
    Ruth’s mother in law. Later called “Mara” after loss of husband and 2 sons
  31. Ruth
    Moabitess, wife of Naomi’s son.
  32. Orpah
    • The daughter in law of Naomi that went back to Judea. Possible mother of
    • Goliath
  33. Boaz
    Father of Obed by Ruth, Grandfather of Jesse, Great grandfather of David
  34. Boaz’ mother
    Rahab, married Salmon
  35. Obed 
    Son of Boaz and Ruth, Father of Jesse
  36. Jesse 
    Son of Obed, Father of David
  37. David 
    Youngest son of Jesse
  38. Elkanah 
    Husband of Hannah and Peninnah, Father of Samuel
  39. Peninnah 
    Wife of Elkanah, mocked Hannah
  40. Hannah 
    Loved wife of Elkanah, mother of Samuel
  41. Eli 
    High priest of Shiloh, son of Aaron. Reveals to Hannah she will bear a son, Samuel
  42. Hophni & Phinehas
    Eli’s sons. Killed by God for unauthorized fire
  43. Samuel 
    Son of Elkanah and Hannah. Last Judge of Israel.
  44. Ichabod 
    “the glory has departed from Israel” / Son of Phinehas, mother died at birth
  45. Dagon 
    Fertility god, fell on the threshold when ark of God entered the room
  46. Beth Shemesh
    1st city entered by Ark after being brought back from Philistia.
  47. Joel & Abijah
    sons of Samuel. Evil so people wanted king instead
  48. Jonathan 
    Saul’s son
  49. Ahinoam 
    wife of Saul, mother of Mical, David’s first wife
  50. Agag 
    king of Amalekites taken by Saul, his life was spared erroneously
  51. Goliath 
    giant Philistine
  52. Merab 
    oldest of Saul’s 2 daughters, Offered to David for victory over Goliath
  53. Michal 
    David’s 1st wife, daughter of Saul, saved david’s life
  54. Nabal 
    husband of Abigail, dies of heart attack, refuses to help David 
  55. Abigail 
    becomes wife of David after Nabal’s death. Pleads with David not to harm husband
  56. Achish 
    Philistine ruler of Gath
  57.  The witch of Endor
    summoned Samuel’s spirit for Saul
  58. Ish-Bosheth
    son of king Saul, 2nd king of Israel after death of father and 3 brothers. Assassinated by 2 of his own army captains who in turn were executed by David
  59. Joab 
    David’s nephew and commander of his army, loyal to David
  60. Asahel 
    nephew of king david, younger brother of Joab & Abishai. Killed by Abner. Mother was Zeruiah
  61. Mephibosheth 
    son of Jonathan, crippled when nurse dropped him. Loyal to David
  62. Nahash 
    defeated by Israelites, king of ammon, gouged out eyes of subjects
  63. Hanum 
    son of Nahash
  64. Uzzah 
    died by touching ark, father of Abinidab
  65. Bathsheba 
    the daughter of Eliam, granddaughter of Ahithophel. David’s wife
  66. Uriah 
    husband of Bathsheba
  67. Nathan 
    prophet who rebuked David
  68. Amnon 
    oldest son of David, raped half-sister Tamar 
  69. Tamar 
    the daughter of David with Maachah, raped by Amnon
  70. Absalom 
    Tamar’s full brother, killed Amnon
  71. Zadok 
    Aided king david to bring Solomon to the throne, 1st High Priest of Temple
  72. Abiathar 
    only priest to escape from Saul’s massacre, joined David in the cave of adullam
  73. Hushai 
    friend of David, secretly sabotaged Absolam’s rebellion
  74. Shimei 
    threw rocks at david and tormented him
  75. Amasa 
    son of Abigail, nephew of David, cousin of Joab & Absolom. Replaced Joab
  76. Abigail 
    Wife of Nabal, becomes David’s wife, bears him one son
  77. Zeruiah 
    older sister of David, daughter of king Nahash, step-daughter of Jesse, mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel
  78.    Josheb-Basshebeth
    “Jashobeam”, a Benjamite, chief of david’s 3 mighty men, father was descendant,  of Korah, killed several hundred single-handedly with a spear
  79. Eleazar 
    son of Dodo, one of David’s 3 mighty men, fought so hard that hand froze to sword, broke into Bethlehem to get water for David
  80. Shammah 
    one of David’s 3 mighty men, defeated troop of 300-800 philistines by himself w/ ox goad
  81. Abishai 
    eldest son of Zeruiah, nephew of David, brother of Joab, accompanied david when snuck into Saul’s camp and took spear and water bottle
  82. Benaiah
    • the son of the priest Jehoiada & David's general for the army of the Kingdom of Israel and his chief bodyguard (2 Samuel 23:20).
    • once killed an Egyptian with the Egyptian's own spear and a club.
    • He was also said to have killed a lion in a snowy pit.
    • one of David's "mighty men" (1 Chronicles 27:6)
    • was appointed chief of Solomon's army.
    • remained loyal to King David during the revolt of King David's son Adonijah. 1 Kings 1:8 
    • As punishment for the revolt, Benaiah, under the orders of King Solomon, executed Adonijah.
  83. Araunah
    • a Jebusite who was mentioned in the Books of Samuel who owned the threshing floor on the summit of Mount Moriah that David purchased and used as the site for assembling an altar to God.
    • The Book of Chronicles, a later text, renders his name as Ornan
  84. Adonijah
    the fourth son of King David and Haggith according to the book of Samuel (2 Sam. 3:4)
  85. Abishag
    a young woman of Shunem, distinguished for her beauty. She was chosen to be a helper and servant to David in his old age. Among Abishag's duties was to lie next to David and keep him warm; however, David did not have sexual relations with her (1 Kings 1:4).
  86. Solomon
  87. Jeroboam
    • the first king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel after the revolt of the ten northern Israelite tribes against Rehoboam
    • reigned for 22 years (922 to 901 BC)
  88. Chemosh
    was the god of the Moabites (Num. 21:29; Jer. 48:7, 13, 46)
  89. Ashtorath
    The name translates literally to 'Ashteroth of the Horns', with 'Ashteroth' being a Canaanite fertility goddess and 'horns' being symbolic of mountain peaks.
  90. Molech
    an ancient Ammonite god. Moloch worship was practiced by the Canaanites, Phoenicians, and related cultures in North Africa and the Levant. As a god worshipped by the Phoenicians and Canaanites, Moloch had associations with a particular kind of propitiatory child sacrifice by parents.
  91. Rehoboam
    king of Israel but after the ten northern tribes of Israel rebelled in 932/931 BC to form the independent Kingdom of Israel he was king of the Kingdom of Judah, or southern kingdom. He was a son of Solomon and a grandson of David. His mother was Naamah the Ammonite.
  92. The Queen of Sheba
    was a monarch of the ancient kingdom of Sheba who came to visit Solomon & see about his great wisdom.
  93. Abijah the King of Judah
    • 4th king of the House of David and the second of the Kingdom of Judah.
    • He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson of Solomon and the great-grandson of David.
    • His mother's name was Maacah and the granddaughter of the infamous Absalom.
    • Abijah married fourteen wives, and had 22 sons and 16 daughters.
  94. Asa
    • 3rd king of the Kingdom of Judah 
    • 5th king of the House of David
    • Son of Abijam, grandson of Rehoboam, and great-grandson of Solomon.
  95. Ahab
    • 7th king of Israel since Jeroboam I, the son and successor of Omri
    • Husband of Jezebel
  96. Jezebel
    a princess, identified in the Hebrew Book of Kings as the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre (Phoenicia) and the wife of Ahab, king of northern Israel.
  97. Elijah
    • meaning "My God is Yahweh"
    • northern kingdom of Israel
    • during the reign of Ahab
    • defended the worship of Yahweh over that of the Canaanite god Baal (which was considered as idol worship); he raised the dead, brought fire down from the sky, and was taken up "by a whirlwind."
  98. Elisha
    • "My God is salvation"
    • after Elijah was taken up into the whirlwind, Elisha was accepted as the leader of the sons of the prophets.
  99. Naboth
    the owner of a plot on the eastern slope of the hill of Jezreel. Described as a small "plot of ground", the vineyard seems to have been all he possessed and lay close to the palace of Ahab, who wished to acquire it to "have it for a garden of herbs" (probably as a ceremonial garden for Baal worship). The king promised compensation, based upon the assumption that Naboth's vineyard was owned in fee simple; Naboth, however, had inherited his land from his father, and, according to Jewish law, could not alienate it. Accordingly, he refused to sell it to the king.Ahab became deeply dejected at not being able to procure the vineyard. Returning to his palace, he collapsed with depression, lying on his bed, his face to the wall, and refused to eat. His wife, Jezebel, after learning the reason for his depression, (in addition to being irritated at the king's emotional state urging him to return to his entertainment saying mockingly, "Are you the king or aren't you?") promised that she would obtain the vineyard for him. To do so, she plotted to kill Naboth by mock trial, and then told Ahab to take possession of the vineyard as the legal heir. As punishment for this action, the prophet Elijah visited Ahab while he was in the vineyard, pronouncing doom on him. Ahab humbled himself at Elijah's words, and was spared accordingly, with the prophesied destruction being visited instead on his son Joram.
  100. Gehazi
    • Elisha's servant.
    • He appears in connection with the history of the Shunammite and of Naaman the Syrian. On this latter occasion, Gehazi, overcome with avarice, obtained in the prophet's name two talents of silver and two changes of garments from Naaman. Consequently, he was guilty of duplicity and dishonesty of conduct, causing Elisha to denounce his crime with righteous sternness, and pass on him the terrible doom that "the leprosy of Naaman would cleave to him and his descendants for ever". After Elisha cursed Gehazi, Gehazi became leprous "as white as snow" (2 Kings 5.27).
  101. Jehu
    • 10th king of Israel since Jeroboam I, noted for exterminating the house of Ahab at the instruction of Yahweh.
    • He was the son of Jehoshaphat, and grandson of Nimshi.
  102. Ahaziah of Israel
    king of Israel and the son of Ahab and Jezebel
  103. Joram
  104. Athaliah & Joash
    2 Kings 11
  105. Hoshea
    the last King of Israel
  106. Hezekiah
    • the son of Ahaz
    • 13th king of Judah.
    • reign was between c. 715 and 686 BC.
    • one of the kings mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew.
    • witnessed the destruction of the northern Kingdom of Israel by Assyrians in c. 720 BC
    • king of Judah during the invasion and siege of Jerusalem by Sennacherib in 701 BC.
    • Hezekiah enacted sweeping religious reforms, including a strict mandate for the sole worship of Yahweh and a prohibition on venerating other deities within the Temple in Jerusalem.
    • Isaiah and Micah prophesied during his reign
    • destroys "the brazen serpent that Moses had made
  107. Nehushtan
    was a "bronze serpent" on a pole which God told Moses to erect to prevent the Israelites who saw it of dying from the bites of "fiery serpents" which God had sent to punish them for speaking against God and Moses.
  108. Sennacherib
    the son of Sargon II, whom he succeeded on the throne of Assyria (705 – 681 BC).
  109. Manasseh
    • king of the Kingdom of Judah.
    • He was the only son of Hezekiah
    • He became king at an age of 12 and reigned for 55 years.
  110. Josiah
    • a king of Judah (641–609 BC),
    • instituted major reforms.
    • Josiah became king of Judah at the age of eight, after the assassination of his father, King Amon, and reigned for thirty-one years
  111. Hilkiah
    • a Hebrew Priest at the time of King Josiah.
    • He was the High Priest and is known for finding a lost copy of the Book of the law at the Temple in Jerusalem at the time that King Josiah commanded that the Holy Temple be refurbished (2 Kings 22:8).
    • His preaching may have helped spur Josiah to return Judah to the worship of Yahweh, God of Israel.
  112. Shaphan
    • When the chief Temple priest Hilkiah discovers an ancient Torah scroll, he gives it to the scribe Shaphan, who in turn brings in to King Josiah.
    • Josiah reads it aloud to a crowd in Jerusalem, resulting in a great religious revival. Many scholars believe this was either a copy of the Book of Deuteronomy or a text that became a part of Deuteronomy as we have it; as a result the event is known as the Deuteronomic reform.
  113. Huldah
    • a prophet mentioned briefly in 2 Kings 22
    • the wife of Shallum
    • Huldah and Deborah were the principal professed woman prophets
  114. Hamutal
    daughter of Jeremiah
  115. Jehoahaz son of Josiah
    the third son of king Josiah whom he succeeded and Hamutal, daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. He was born in 633/632 BC and his birth name was Shallum (1 Chronicles 3:15)
  116. Jehoiakim
    • the second son of king Josiah
    • reigned for eleven years to 598 BC and was succeeded by his son Jehoiachin
  117. Jehoiachin
    a king of Judah who was dethroned by the King of Babylon in the 6th century BCE and was taken into captivity.
  118. Zedekiah
    • the last king of Judah before the destruction of the kingdom by Babylon.
    • Zedekiah had been installed as king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, after a siege of Jerusalem in 597 BCE
  119. Nebuchadnezzar
    King of Babylon
  120. Heman
    • "the Ezrahite"
    • the author of Psalm 88
    • name meaning 'Faithful'.
    • one of the three Levites assigned by King David to be ministers of music.
    • was a grandson of Samuel the prophet who went on to become King David's seer, and to have fourteen sons and three daughters.
    • Psalm 88 seems to have been written in a state of despair.
    • Psalm 88 is “a wintry landscape of unrelieved bleakness.”
  121. Ahaziah of Judah
    He is also called Jehoahaz

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