OT Study Guide 2 - Places

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OT Study Guide 2 - Places
2014-09-28 21:22:46
OT Study Guide 2 - Places
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  1. Shittim
    Final camp of Israel before crossing into Canaan land
  2. Jordan River
    The Israelites crossed it and the waters stopped so that they could cross it.
  3.  Jericho
    Fell when marched around 7 times
  4. Gilgal (Gibeath Haaraloth)
    the Israelites first encamped there after having crossed the Jordan River (Joshua 4:19 - 5:12)
  5. Ai
    • was conquered by the Israelites on their second attempt.
    • the failure as being due to a prior sin of Achan
    • On the second attempt in Joshua 8, Joshua, who is identified by the narrative as the leader of the Israelites, plans and leads an ambush at the rear of the city on the western side. When the city is captured, 12,000 men and women are killed, and it is set on fire and razed to the ground. "So Joshua burned Ai and made it a permanent heap of ruins"
  6. Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim
    an instruction is given to build an altar on Mount Ebal, constructed from natural (rather than cut) stones, to place stones there and whiten them with lime, to make peace offerings on the altar, eat there, and write the words of this law on the stone
  7. Hebron (Kiriath Arba)
    The Hebron of the Bible was centered on what is now known as Tel Rumeida, while its ritual centre was located at Elonei Mamre.[43] It is said to have been wrested from the Canaanites by either Joshua, who is said to have wiped out all of its previous inhabitants, 'destroying everything that drew breath, as the Lord God of Israel had commanded.'[44] or Judah or Caleb.[45] The town itself, with some contiguous pasture land, is then said to have been granted to the Levites of the clan of Kohath, while the fields of the city, as well as its surrounding villages were assigned to Caleb,[46][47] who expels the three giants, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, who ruled the city. Later, the biblical narrative hasKing David reign from Hebron for some seven years. It is there that the elders of Israel come to him to make a covenant before Elohim and anoint him king of Israel.[48] It was in Hebron again that Absalom has himself declared king and then raises a revolt against his father David.[49] It became one of the principal centers of the Tribe of Judah and was classified as one of the six traditional Cities of Refuge.[50]Hebron continued to constitute an important local economic centre, given its strategic position along trading routes, but, as is shown by the discovery of seals at Lachish with the inscription lmlk Hebron (to the king. Hebron),[27] it remained administratively and politically dependent on Jerusalem.[51]
  8. The Great Sea
    the Mediterranean Sea
  9. Shiloh
    the capital of Israel before the first Temple was built in Jerusalem.
  10. Cities of Refuge
    So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the hill country of Judah. 8 East of the Jordan (on the other side from Jericho) they designated Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau in the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead in the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan in the tribe of Manasseh. 9 Any of the Israelites or any foreigner residing among them who killed someone accidentally could flee to these designated cities and not be killed by the avenger of blood prior to standing trial before the assembly.
  11. Shechem
    • a Canaanite city
    • an Israelite city of the tribe of Manasseh
    • the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel.
  12. Bokim
    the place at which the Israelites are rebuked by 'the angel of the LORD' for making a covenant with the Canaanites, rather than taking possession of their land as they had been commanded.
  13. Jabesh Gilead
    primarily mentioned in connection with King Saul's and King David's battles against the Philistines and Ammonites
  14. Ramah
    the birthplace of Samuel
  15. Nob
    Nob is where David fled to the high priest Ahimelech and where he received the sword of Goliath, which was kept. Later Saul came to Nob with Doeg the Edomite. Saul was angry with Achimelech for helping David, and Doeg put Achimelech and the other priests to death, before killing all the men, women and children of the town. (1 Samuel chapters 21 and 22)
  16. Gath
    home city of Goliath and his brothers
  17. Adullam 
    cave where david sought refuge
  18. Ziklag
    The Book of Genesis (Genesis 10:14) refers to Casluhim as the origin of the Philistines. Biblical scholars regard this as an eponym rather than an individual, and it is thought possible that the name is a corruption of Halusah; with the identification of Ziklag as Haluza, this suggests that Ziklag was the original base from which the Philistines captured the remainder of their territory.[1] It has also been proposed that Ziklag subsequently became the capital of the Cherethites.[1]In the lists of cities of the Israelites by tribe given in the Book of Joshua, Ziklag appears both as a town belonging to the Tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:31) and as a town belonging to the Tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:5). Textual scholars believe that these lists were originally independent administrative documents, not necessarily dating from the same time, and hence reflecting the changing tribal boundaries.[2] (1 Samuel 30) claims that by the time of David, the town was under the control of Philistines, but subsequently was given by their king - Achish - to David, who at that time was seemingly acting as a vassal of the Philistines. Biblical scholars argue that the town was probably on the eastern fringe of the Philistines' territory, and that it was natural for it to be annexed to Judah when David became king.[6] Since the compilation of the Book of Joshua is regarded by textual scholars as late, probably being due to the deuteronomist, it is possible that the tribal allocations given within it date from after this annexation rather than before.[6]According to 1 Samuel 30, while David was encamped with the Philistine army for an attack on the Kingdom of Israel, Ziklag was raided by Amalekites; the Amalekites burning the town, and capturing its population without killing them (scholars think this capture refers to enslavement). However, none of the archaeological sites which have been proposed to be Ziklag show any evidence of destruction during the era of David.[7]In the narrative, when David's men discovered that their families had been captured, they became angry with David, but once David had sought divination from the ephod that Abiathar possessed, he managed to persuade them to join him in a pursuit of the captors, as the divination was favourable. Six hundred men went in pursuit, but a third of them were too exhausted to go further than the HaBesor Stream. They found an abandoned and starving slave, formerly belonging to one of the Amalekites who had raided Ziklag, and having given him fig cake, raisin cake, and water, persuaded him to lead them to the Amalekite raiders. The slave lead them to the camp of the captors, and found the captors holding a feast and celebrating, due to the size of their spoil; David's forces engaged in battle with them for a night and a day, and ultimately became victorious.Textual scholars ascribe this narrative to the monarchial source of the Books of Samuel; the rival source, known as the republican source (named this due to its negative presentation of David, Saul, and other kings), does not at first glance appear to contain a similar narrative. The same narrative position is occupied in the republican source by the story of Nabal,[8] who lived in the region south of Hebron (which includes the Negev).[6] There are some similarities between the narratives, including David leading an army in revenge (for Nabal's unwillingness to give provisions to David), with 400 of the army going ahead and 200 staying behind,[6] as well as David gaining Abigail as a wife (though in the Ziklag narrative he re-gains her), as well as several provisions, and there being a jovial feast in the enemy camp (i.e. Nabal's property). However, there are also several differences, such as the victory and provisions being obtained by Abigail's peaceful actions rather than a heroic victory by David, the 200 that stayed behind doing so to protect the baggage rather than due to exhaustion, the main secondary character being the wife of the enemy (Nabal) rather than their former slave, David's forces being joined by damsels rather than rejoining their wives, and Nabal rather than the Amalekites being the enemy.The Books of Samuel go on to mention that as a result, the people taken by the Amalekites were released, and the spoil that the Amalekites had taken, including livestock, and spoil from attacks elsewhere, were divided among David's men, including the third that had remained at the Besor. This ruling, that even those left behind would get a share, is stated by the text to have been a response by David to those who believed only the two thirds of David's men that had battled with the Amalekites should get a reward. A similar ruling is given in the Priestly Code (Numbers 31:27) and in Joshua 22:8. Scholars[who?] believe that the these rulings are derived from the decision in regard to the Amalekite spoil, rather than vice versa.[6]According to the text, once back at Ziklag, David sent portions of the spoil to the various community leaders within Judah; the text gives a list of the locations of the recipients, but they are all just within the Negev.[
  19. Hebron of David
    All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebronand said, “We are your own flesh and blood. In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the Lord said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.’” When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel.
  20. Jerusalem
    King David established the city as the capital of the united Kingdom of Israel
  21. Mahanaim
    • place where Jacob had a vision of angels
    • a stronghold that had been adapted to serve as a sanctuary for important fugitives
    • the location to which David is described as fleeing, when his son Absalom rebelled
  22. Mount Carmel
    Elijah challenges 450 prophets of a particular Baal to a contest at the altar on Mount Carmel to determine whose deity was genuinely in control of the Kingdom of Israel
  23. Mount Horeb
    Elijah fled there and the Lord passed by him there