OT Study Guide 3 - People

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OT Study Guide 3 - People
2014-09-28 21:15:29
OT SG 3 - People
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  1. Solomon
    • David's son
    • Wrote Ecclesiastes
    • Built the Temple for the Lord
    • Led astray by wives & concubines
  2. King Hiram of Tyre
    Supplied the cedars of Lebanon for Solomon
  3. Queen of Sheba
    Visited Solomon to see if he was as great as rumors said. He was.
  4. King Rehoboam
    • Son of Solomon
    • Sparked Israel to rebel when he said his little finger was bigger around than his fathers waist and would make them work harder.
  5. King Jeroboam son of Nabat
    • first king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel after the revolt of the ten northern Israelite tribes against Rehoboam that put an end to the United Monarchy.
    • member of the Tribe of Ephraim
  6. Adoniram
    He was stoned to death by the people of Israel when Rehoboam sent him in an attempt to collect taxes
  7. King Shishak 
    • best known for his campaign against the Kingdom of Judah
    • provided refuge to Jeroboam during the later years of Solomon's reign
    • carried off many of the treasures of the temple and the royal palace in Jerusalem
  8. King Asa
    • third king of the Kingdom of Judah and the fifth king of the House of David. He was the son of Abijam, grandson of Rehoboam, and great-grandson of Solomon
    • Asa was zealous in maintaining the traditional worship of God, and in rooting out idolatry
  9. Maacah
    • daughter of Absalom
    • Mother of King Abijah
  10. King Abijah
    • King of Judah for 3 years
    • Son of Maacah
    • Battled with Jeroboam and though way outnumbered, relied on the Lord and rebuked the Israelites for turning against God and God won the battle for him.
  11. Zerah the Cushite
    • invaded the Kingdom of Judah with an enormous army in the days of Asa
    • when Zerah's army reached that of Asa at Zephathah, Zerah's army was utterly defeated, by divine intervention
  12. Baasha
    • third king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel
    • son of Ahijah
    • reign 900 - 877 BCE
    • came to power by murdering the previous king, Nadab, followed by the entire House of Jeroboam
    • 23-year reign
    • The prophet Jehu, the son of Hanani, foretold the destruction of his dynasty
  13. Hanani
    prophet who was sent to rebuke king Asa of Judah for entering into a league with Benhadad I, king of Syria, against the northern kingdom of Israel
  14. King Jehoshaphat 
    • King of Judah
    • Son of Asa
    • Faithful to the Lord in early years
    • Sent teachers around Judah to teach the people the Law of the Lord
  15. King Ahab
    • King of Israel
    • Urged Jehoshaphat to attack Ramoth Gilead
    • Killed by stray arrow at Ramoth Gilead
  16. Micaiah son of Imlah
    Hated by Ahab for never prophesying anything good for him
  17. Athaliah mother of Ahaziah
    • Jehoram's wife
    • Encouraged her son Ahaziah in wrong doing
    • Once Ahaziah was killed, she destroyed the whole royal family so she could rule the land
  18. Jehoiada
    • Priest
    • Husband of Jehosheba
    • Rose to power and had Athaliah killed by the sword
    • Tore down the temple of Baal
  19. Jehosheba
    Sister of Ahaziah, Aunt of Joash, hid Ahaziah's son Joash from his grandmother Athaliah in the Temple for 6 years
  20. King Joash
    • Protected by Aunt Jehosheba in the temple for 6 years while a baby.
    • Became king at 7 years old
    • Repaired the temple
    • Reigned 40 years
  21. Zechariah son of Jehoiada
    • Sent by God to prophesy against Judah after the death of priest Jehoiada.
    • The people of Judah stoned him in the courtyard
  22. King Uzziah
    • also known as Azariah
    • a king of the ancient Kingdom of Judah, and one of Amaziah's sons
    • one of the kings mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus
    • sixteen when he became king of Judah and reigned for fifty-two years
    • 783 – 742 BC
    • struck with leprosy for disobeying the Lord
    • his son Jotham took over the government
  23. King Jotham
    Jotham is the son of Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, however, he did not remove the high places.  Ahaz, his son, succeeded him.
  24. King Ahaz
    • king of Judah, and the son and successor of Jotham
    • one of the kings mentioned in thegenealogy of Jesus
    • twenty when he became king of Judah and reigned for sixteen years
  25. King Hezekiah
    • Son of King Ahaz
    • 25 years old when became king
    • Grandson of Zechariah
    • Opened the doors of the Temple that his father had closed
  26. King Sennacherib
    King of the Assyrians who attacked King Hezekiah. He taunted god and the people. Hezekiah prayed and God sent one angel who killed 185000 Assyrian men.
  27. Isaiah
    Went to king Hezekiah and prophesied against him because of his pride. Then once Hezekiah repented, he announced God would add 15 years to his life.
  28. King Manasseh
    • Hezekiah's son
    • Did worse evil than the nations of his enemies
    • God sent the Assyrians against him who put a hook in his nose and drug him off to Babylon
    • he repented and rebuilt the alters to God
  29. King Amon
    • Manasseh's son
    • Did evil in gods eyes but unlike his father he did not repent
    • Was assassinated by his officials
  30. King Josiah
    • Son of Amon
    • King at 8 yrs old
    • Did what what right and sought God
    • Tore down the Asherah poles and rebuilt the Temple
  31. Hilkiah
    • High priest during the reign of Josiah
    • Received the money from the temple fund and paid the workers and bought supplies to rebuild
    • Found the book of the law
  32. Huldah
    • Prophetess
    • Wife of Shallum
    • Prophesied that since the king of Judah humbled himself when he heard the words of the book of the law, he would not see the Lords anger but will die in peace
  33. King Neco
    • Pharaoh - King of Egypt
    • Killed King Josiah in battle with an arrow
  34. King Jehoahaz
    • Son of Josiah / brother of Jehoiakim
    • reigned only 3 months and was dethroned by king of egypt
    • Carried off by Neco to Egypt
  35. King Jehoiakim
    • Brother of Jehoahaz
    • Made king of Judah at 25 yrs old by king Neco while his brother carried off to Egypt
    • Did evil and was captured by Nebuchadnezzar
  36. King Jehoiachin
    • Son of Jehoiakim
    • King at 18 and reigned only 3 months and he too was carried off to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
  37. King Zedekiah
    • Made king over Judah and Jerusalem when Jehoiachin carried off to Babylon
    • Uncle of Jehoiachin
    • Did evil in the eyes of the Lord despite warning from the prophet Jeremiah
  38. Jeremiah
    Prophesied the 70 year exile to Babylon
  39. King Nebuchadnezzar
    King of the Babylonians who conquered Jerusalem and drug its people to exile
  40. King Cyrus 
    King of Persia who defeated the Babylonians and released the Israelite prisoners to let them go back and rebuild the Temple
  41. Jeshua son of Jozadak
    Priest who alongside Zerubbabel began to build the altar to the Lord for sacrifice even before the foundation was laid
  42. Zerubbabel
    Priest that oversaw the rebuilding of the Temple alongside Ezra
  43. Haggai
    Prophet who spoke the word of God to the people and helped them restart the work on the Temple.
  44. Zechariah descendant of Iddo
    Prophet who spoke the word of God to the people and helped them restart the work on the Temple.
  45. King Darius
    • Was summoned to stop the rebuilding of the temple but he refused.
    • Searched the archives in the treasury of Babylon for Cyrus' letter and it was found
  46. Ezra
    Prophet of God
  47. King Artaxerxes (Books of Ezra & Nehemiah) is King Xerxes (Book of Esther)
    Forced Israelites to stop building the temple because of false accusations from the enemies of Judah and Benjamin
  48. Nehemiah
    • Cupbearer to king Artaxerxes
    • Asked for permission to go back home and rebuild the city of Jerusalem
  49. Sanballet
    Official who opposed the rebuilding of the wall and said negative things about the Jews
  50. Tobiah
    Official who opposed the rebuilding of the wall and said negative things about the Jews
  51. Geshem
    Official who opposed the rebuilding of the wall and said negative things about the Jews
  52. Eliashib
    A priest who provided Tobiah with a room. Nehemiah returned and heard about this evil thing and through him and his possessions out.
  53. Queen Vashti
    Dethroned as queen for refusing to come at Xerxes request to show off her beauty
  54.  Esther (Hadassah)
    • Mordecai's cousin
    • Jew who became a queen with her beauty
    • Saved the Jews from annihilation
  55. Mordecai
    • Cousin of Esther
    • Hated by Haman because he refused to bow down and pay homage to him
    • Reported conspiracy of kings assassination and was later exalted to 2nd in command in Susa
  56. Hegai
    Was the king's eunuch servant put in charge of the harem of the king to find Vashti's replacement
  57. Bigthana and Teresh
    2 of the kings officers who plotted a conspiracy to kill the king and were reported by Mordecai
  58. Haman the Agagite
    • Hated the jews and cast the pur (lot) for their annihilation
    • His plan backfired and he and his sons were hung from his own gallows
  59. Job
    From the land of Uz
  60. Satan
    • Stood before God accusing Job and saying that if you take away his family he will sure curse God
    • God allowed Satan to test Job
  61. Eliphez, Bildad & Zophar
    Job's 3 friends who tried to comfort him and talk some sense into him
  62. Elihu
    • Became very angry with Job for justifying himself before God.
    • Also became angry with the 3 friends because they could not refute Job
    • Rebukes Job