History CH 1-3
Card Set Information
History CH 1-3
A Beka History
Two event that revived European Orient?
2. Marko Polo's writings
Who invented what and when that brought Europe out of the Dark Ages?
Johann Gutenberg's movable-type printing press in 1440.
Who began the Protestant Reformation by posting the Ninety-five Theses and when?
What term means the "rebirth" of learning in Europe in the 1300's?
Who first realized that what Columbus discovered was a new continent?
the king and queen who sponsored Columbus's voyage?
Ferdinand and Isabella
Name the movement in Europe that ensured the North America colonized people would be influenced by the Word of God?
the Protestant Reformation
Who sailed around Africa to India?
Vasco da Gama
Who sent out several ships to explore the western coast of Africa?
Prince Henry the Navigator
The Viking who landed on the shores of North America around A.D. 1000?
The first European to travel the length of Asia?
Indian tribe that Francisco Pizarro conquered?
Who conquered the Indian tribe called the Aztecs?
Who established first permanent French settlement in the New World and where?
Samuel de Champlain
Who claimed Mississippi Valley for France?
Robert Cavalier de la Salle
Where was the first permanent European settlement in present-day United States?
St. Augustine, Florida
Name the French Protestants that came to America to avoid religious persecution?
Who discovered the Pacific Ocean?
Vasco de Balboa
Who led expedition that discovered the St. Lawrence River?
Who led 3 yr. expedition that proved the earth is round?
Name the event that allowed Protestant England and Scotland to allow political and religious freedom in North America?
the defeat of the Spanish Armada
Name of the first English child born in America?
Name the document Pilgrim leaders wrote to set precedent for representative government.
Name of the representative assembly in Jamestown that acted as and advisory body to the governor of colony of Virginia and him in making laws.
House of Burgesses
Term for when government leaves individuals free to own businesses and make a living dependent on their own initiative?
The first permanent English settlement established in 1607 in the New World.
Key points of why the common-store system fail?
1. some worked
2. others had no initiative so did not work
3. everyone used storehouse supply ran low quick
What Pastor led his congregation of Separatists from England to Holland to escape persecution and to gain religious freedom.
Pastor John Robinson
Name the first Englishman to sail around the world.
What became the important economic crop of Jamestown, and who founded it?
tobacco by John Rolfe
Name the first modern European explorer to set foot on the mainland of North America.
founder of Georgia
"Apostle to the Indians"
founder of Rhode Island
Name of college founded by Puritans in 1636 to prepare young men for the gospel ministry.
Another name for the English religious group who called themselves the Society of Friends.
founder of Connecticut and settlement of Hartford
Name the act passed in Massachusetts that established the first town school system in America.
Ole' Deluder Satan Act
What colony was founded to provide a refuge for debtor prisoners?
First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
Why did Puritans teach children to read?
So everyone could read the Bible for themselves.
What did Marco Polo's writings describe?
wealth of the Orient
What Caribbean island did Columbus make his first landing on in the New World?
Who translated the Bible into English?
Where did English businessmen obtain money for settlements?
Who fixed the failure of the common-store system in Jamestown?
Name the English-speaking Indian that lived in Plymouth and taught the Pilgrims how to hunt and fish.
What church did the Puritans hope to "purify"?
Church of England
The "Great Migration" brought thousands of what group to New England?
Francis Drake helped who defeat the Spanish?
English defeat the Spanish
Who were the conquistadors?
military invaders from Spain
What precedent did the New England Confederation set for the colonies?
voluntary union of the colonies
What was a proprietary colony?
colony controlled by a nobleman
What act granted freedom of worship to all Christians in the Maryland colony?
Who searched for the fountain of youth?
Ponce de Leon
Who discovered he Mississippi River?
Hernando de Soto
What colony was the first Baptist church in America founded?
What colony of New Netherland is actually what state now today?
What colony is know as the "city of brotherly love"?
What colony was founded by Lord Baltimore as a haven for English Catholics?
The governor of Pennsylvania also controlled what other colony?
What colony was made of Separatists and "Strangers"?
What colony was established by Sir Walter Raleigh?
What type of building did the Swedes introduce to the New World?
What ship carried the Pilgrims to the New World?
History of Plymouth
What is free-enterprise system?
a person is fee to earn their own living based on personal enterprise.
Why does free-enterprise system work?
One is motivated to work and provide for themselves because their welfare is their responsibility.
Which system is better; free-enterprise system or common-store system better? Why?
-because it makes man responsible for his sinful nature