hematology

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Author:
rere_girl4ever
ID:
281126
Filename:
hematology
Updated:
2014-08-23 01:06:42
Tags:
hematology usmle
Folders:
hematology,usmle
Description:
hematology
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  1. What type of cell is this?

    In which disease is this type of cell present?
    Acanthocyte/ Spur cell

    Abetalipoproteinemia

    • (missing lipoprotein in membrane)
  2. What type of cell is this?

    In which disease is this type of cell present?
    Acanthocyte/ Spur cell

    • Abetalipoproteinemia
    • (missing lipoprotein in membrane)
  3. What type of cell is this?

    In which disease is this type of cell present?
    Acanthocyte/ Spur cell

    • Abetalipoproteinemia
    • (missing lipoprotein in membrane)
  4. In which disease can this blood smear be found?
    ?
    Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
  5. In which disease can this blood smear be found?

    Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
  6. In which disease can this blood smear be found?

    Adult T-cell lymphoma

    Caused by Human T cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1(HTLV-1)
  7. These are findings of which disease?

    Adult T-cell lymphoma 

    Caused by Human T cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)

    Adults present with cutaneous lesions.
  8. In which disease can this blood smear be found?

    Acute lymphoblastic leukemia/ lymphoma (ALL)

    Peripheral blood and bone marrow have increased lymphocytes
  9. In which disease can this blood smear be found?

    Acute lymphoblastic leukemia/ lymphoma (ALL)

    Peripheral blood and bone marrow have increased lymphocytes
  10. In which disease can this structure be found?

    Auer Rods 

    Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)- M3
  11. In which disease can this structure be found?

    Auer Rods

    Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)- M3
  12. In which disease can this structure be found?
    Auer Rods

    Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)- M3
  13. What type of cell is this?
    In which diseases can this type of cell be found?
    Basophilic stippling

    • Thalassemias
    • Anemia of Chronic Disease
    • Lead poisoning
  14. What type of cell is this?
    In which diseases can this type of cell be found?

    Basophilic stippling

    • Thalassemias
    • Anemia of Chronic Disease
    • Lead poisoning
  15. What cell type is this?
    In which disease can this type of cell be found?

    Bense Jones proteins - Ig light chains in urine

    Multiple myeloma 
  16. What type of cell is this?
    In which disease can this type of cell be found?

    Birbeck granules (tennis rackets)

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis
  17. What type of cell is this?
    In which disease can this type of cell be found?

    Bite cell

    G6PD deficiency
  18. What type of cell is this?
    In which disease can this type of cell be found?
    Bite cell

    G6PD deficiency
  19. This is a clinical finding of which disease?
    Translocation
    Burkitt lymphoma

    (8;14) Translocation of c-myc (8) and heavy-chain Ig (14)
  20. This blood smear is a characteristic finding of which disease?

    Burkitt lymphoma

    Sheets of lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages

    (8;14) Translocation of c-myc (8) and heavy-chain Ig (14)
  21. This blood smear is a characteristic finding of which disease?

    Burkitt lymphoma

    Sheets of lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages

    (8;14) Translocation of c-myc (8) and heavy-chain Ig (14)
  22. This blood smear is a characteristic finding of which disease?

    Burkitt lymphoma

    Sheets of lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages

    (8;14) Translocation of c-myc (8) and heavy-chain Ig (14)
  23. This is a clinical finding of which anemic condition?

    Lead poisoning 

    Lead lines on gingivae (Burton's lines)
  24. This peripheral blood smear can be found in which type of leukemia?
    Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    Neutrophils, metamyelocytes, basophils
  25. This peripheral blood smear can be found in which type of leukemia?

    Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    Neutrophils, metamyelocytes, basophils
  26. This is a clinical presentation of which disease?

    Sickle cell anemia

    "Crew cut" on skull x-ray due to bone marrow expansion from increased erythropoiesis (also in thalassemias)
  27. The arrows in this blood smear shows the presence of which type of cell?

    Dutcher bodies- Multiple myeloma
  28. What type of cell is this and in what disease can it be found?

    Elliptocye- Hereditary elliptocytosis 
  29. This peripheral blood smear is found in?
    Follicular lymphoma
  30. In what disease is this peripheral blood smear found in?

    Hairy cell leukemia
  31. In what disease is this peripheral blood smear found in?
    Hairy cell leukemia
  32. What type of cell is this and in which disease can it be found ?

    Heinz bodies

    Oxidation of iron from ferrous to ferric form leads to denatured hemoglobin precipitation and damage to RBC membrane 

    G6PD deficiency; Heinz body like inclusions seen in alpha-thalassemia
  33. What type of cell is this and in which disease can it be found ?

    Heinz bodies

    Oxidation of iron from ferrous to ferric form leads to denatured hemoglobin precipitation and damage to RBC membrane.

    G6PD deficiency; Heinz body like inclusions seen in alpha-thalassemia
  34. In what disease is this peripheral blood smear found in?

    Hemoglobin C Disease

    Biparental inheritance of Hb C geneBeta globin chain, chromosome 11, position 6, nucleotide codon change: GLUTAMIC ACID => LYSINE

    Blood smear: Rod Shaped Crystals
  35. What type of cell is this and in which disease can it be found ?


    Howell- Jolly bodies

    • Basophilic nuclear remnants found in RBCs.
    • Howell-Jolly bodies are normally removed from RBCs by splenic macrophages.

    Seen in ppts with hyposplenia or asplenia or after mothball ingestion (naphthalene).

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