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What are the three different crises?
Disaster, disruption, dispute
What is a disaster?
Natural or manmade event that causes turmoil, violence and rebellion
What is disruption?
- Intentional disorderly activities that cause
- turmoil, violence, and rebellion
What is dispute?
Clash between two political groups
What is fragmentation?
- Break up of multinational states into smaller,
- more natural national groups with narrower communities of interest
What is integration?
The connection of global commons which are air, sea, space, and cyberspace
What are the two littoral segments of operation?
What is seaward?
- Area from the open ocean to the shore, which
- must be controlled to support operations ashore
What is landward?
- The area inland from the shore that can be
- supported and defended directly from the sea.
What is assured access?
The unhindered national use of global commons
What is operational access?
Ability to project military force into an operational area with sufficient freedom of action to accomplish the mission
What is anitaccess?
- Actions taken, usually long range, to prevent an
- opposing force from entering our area
What is area denial?
- Action taken, usual short range, to limit an
- opposing forces freedom of action in our ao
What are the six strategic imperatives of maritime strategy?
- Limit regional conflict, deter major power war,
- win our nations wars, contribute to homeland defense in depth, foster cooperative relationships with partners, and contain local disruptions.
What is littoral maneuver?
- The ability to transition ready-to-fight combat
- forces from the sea to shore in order to achieve a position of advantage over
- the enemy.
What are included in stom operations?
- Assaults, raids, demonstrations, withdrawals,
- and amphibious support
What is stom’s goal?
- Thrusting combat units ashore in their fighting
What are the tenants of stom?
- Conduct littoral maneuver, continue to apply the
- single-battle concept, improve options for joint force commanders, use seabasing
- to limit the footprint ashore, use cross-domain approach, use dispersed forces,
- employ scalable landing forces, increase options for partnering, gain local
- area control for periods of time.
What are the Marine Corps key tasks?
Conduct military engagements, respond rapidly to crisis, project power, counter irregular threats, conduct littoral maneuver.
What percent of politically significant urban areas are within 150/300 miles of shore?
What is an urban area?
- Topographical complex where man-made
- construction or high population density is the dominant feature.
What is an urban environment?
- Includes the physical aspects of the urban area
- as well as the complex and dynamic interaction and relationships between its key components. The terrain, the society, and the supporting infrastructure.
What is block one of war?
Humanitarian operations, stable environment
What is block 2 war?
Counter-insurgency operations, unstable environment
What is block 3 war?
High intensity conflict, no host nation control
What are the four levels of the urban battle space?
- Building level, street level, subterranean
- level, air level.
What is the city core?
- Heart of the urban area. Downtown, central
- business district
What is the commercial ribbon?
- Composed of rows or stores, shops, and restaurants
- that are built up on both sides of the road
What is dense random construction?
- Typical old inner city pattern with narrow
- streets all coming from a central area in an irregular manner
What is close orderly block construction?
Wider streets generally from rectangular patterns in this area
What dispersed residential area?
- This type area is normally contiguous to
- close-orderly block areas in Europe.
What are high-rise areas?
Consists of multistoried apartments, separated open areas, and single story buildings. Laid out in rectangular patterns
what are the urban factor considerations?
Surfaces, engagement ranges, engagements times, depression and elevation, reduced vis, risks from friendly fire, close combat, attacking manmade structures, building types.
What are the different types of breech holes?
- Loop hole (min of 8inch diameter in wall), mouse hole (min of 24 inches high and 30 inches wide), and breach hole (50 inches
- high and 30 inches wide)
What does ascope stand for?
- Areas, structures, capabilities, organizations,
- people, events
What does RISS stand for?
Recon, isolation, secure a foothold, seize the objective
What are the 8 steps of room clearing?
Dominate, eliminate, control through verbiage, search the dead, search the room, search the living, transition, mark.
What articles are punitive in nature for the ucmj?
What document implements the ucmj?
Manual of courts martial
Can the appeal authority increase a punishment?
How soon must an appeal letter be written?
With 5 calendar days
Who has the authority to appeal?
The next commander in the chain
How long can a suspension last?
What are the grounds for an appeal?
What is the lowest, least sever for of court martial?
Summary court martial which is non judicial and can only be enlisted personnel
Can the accused make an unsworn statement during an scm?