Hazmat.txt

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mrala94
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281187
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Hazmat.txt
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2014-08-23 20:22:20
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hazmat
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  1. Are there enough personnel available to conduct a rescue safely? First arriving units may need to wait for an additional personnel to arrive in order to conduct rescue operations. At a minimum, ---people are needed.
    Five people are needed: two entry team members, two backup team members, and at least one person to staff a decon station.
  2. Personnel trained to the awareness and operations level perform only ..... task at hazmat incidents.
    Defensive
  3. Personnel who are trained and certified to be blank level are individuals who, in the course of normal duties, maybe the first to arrive at or witnessed a hazmat incident.
    • Awareness level
    • -recognize the presence of potential of a hazmat incident
    • -recognize the type of container at a site and identify it
    • -transmit, identify, established scene control
  4. Responsibilities of a first responder at the operations level include awareness level responsibilities. The operation level adds ..... release in a defensive fashion from a safe distance.
    Confining
  5. OSHA recognize that first responders at the operational level that have the appropriate training can perform .... operations involving flammable liquid and gas fire control of the following materials: gasoline, diesel fuel, natural gas, and petroleum gas LPG.
    Offensive
  6. Liquid phase at the temperature at or above ....
    212°F
  7. The liquid phase with the flashpoint at or above.....
    Hundred degrees Fahrenheit
  8. The solid phase at the temperature at or above .....
    464°F
  9. The least energetic form of radiation is ..... Radiation such as visible light and radio waves.
    Non-ionizing radiation
  10. The most energetic and hazardous form of radiation is .... Radiation, and it is this type of radiation that is a greatest concern for first responders.
    Ionizing radiation
  11. Small amounts of radiation received over a long period of time are a ..... dose. The body is better equipped to handle a ...... Dose of Radiation
    Chronic radiation dose
  12. .....are substances that affect the oxygenation of the body and generally lead to suffocation.
    Asphyxiants
  13. A toxic chemical may be absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed to other parts of the body, producing ....
    Systemic effects
  14. It is important to note that some corrosive such as ......are neither acids nor bases.
    Hydrogen peroxide
  15. ...... Are sometimes called alkalis or caustics.
    Bases
  16. ..... are the simplest types of microorganisms that can only replicate themselves in the living cells of their host. They do not respond to antibiotics.
    Viruses
  17. ..... are microscopic, single celled organisms. Most do not cause disease and people, but when they do, two different mechanisms are possible: invading tissues will produce and talk or poisons.
    Bacteria
  18. ..... are specialized bacteria that lives and multiply in gastrointestinal tract of Arthropod carriers such as ticks and fleas. They are smaller than most bacteria, but larger and then viruses.
    Rickettsias
  19. Gases is being released rapidly create a shock wave that travels outward from the center. As the wave increases in distance, the strength decreases. This ....... pressure wave is the primary reason for injuries and damage.
    Blast -pressure wave
  20. ...... is the minimum temperature at which a liquid or volatile solid gives off sufficient vapors to form ignitable mixture with air near its surface.
    Flashpoint
  21. ...... is the temperature at which enough vapors are given off to support continuous Burning. The ..... temperature is usually only slight or higher then the flashpoint
    Fire point
  22. The reactivity triangle consists of .......
    • Oxidizing agent
    • Activation energy
    • Reducing agent
  23. A semi circular or dome shaped pattern of airborne hazardous material that is still partially in contact with the ground or water.
    Hemispheric
  24. A ball shaped pattern of the airborne hazardous material where the material has collectively risen above the ground or water.
    Cloud
  25. Irregular shaped pattern of a airborne hazardous material where wind and topography influence the downrange course from the point of release
    Plume
  26. A triangular shaped pattern of a hazardous material with a point source at the breach and a wide base down range.
    Cone
  27. A surface flowing pattern of liquid hazardous material that is affected by gravity and topographical contours. Liquid releases flow downslope whenever there is a gradient away from the point of release.
    Stream
  28. A three dimensional, slow flowing liquid dispersion.
    Pool
  29. The process of picking up liquid contaminants with absorbents.
    Absorption
  30. The process in which a hazardous liquid interacts with the surface of a sorbent material such as activated charcoal.
    Adsorption
  31. The process of removing large particles of contaminant or contaminated material such as mud from boots or other PPE.
    Brushing and scraping
  32. The process of using another material to change the chemical structure of a hazardous material.
    Chemical degradation
  33. The process of using water to flush contaminants from contaminated victims or objects and diluting water-soluble hazardous materials to safe levels.
    Dilution
  34. The process of changing the pH of a corrosive, raising or lowering it towards seven neutral on the pH scale. It should not be performed on living tissue.
    Neutralization
  35. The process that takes hazardous liquid and treats it chemically so that it turns into a solid.
    Solidification
  36. The tactics of dilution, neutralization and dissolution are used only ..... at hazmat incidents and under very specific circumstances.
    Infrequently
  37. ..... are toxins that cause temporary but sometimes severe inflammation to the eyes, skin, or respiratory system. ...... often attack the mucous membranes of the body such as surface of the eyes, nose, mouth, throat, and lung.
    Irritants
  38. Blank are cancer-causing agents. Examples of known or suspected Kosygin hazardous materials are polyvinyl chloride, benzene, chlorinated hydrocarbons, etc.
    Carcinogens
  39. ...... are substances that cause an allergic reaction and people or animals. ..... are chemicals that cause a substantial portion of exposed people or animals to develop an allergic reaction....
    Allergens
  40. Are the simplest types of micro organisms that can only replicate themselves in the living cells of the host. They don't respond to antibiotics
    Viruses
  41. Are microscopic, single celled organisms.
    Bacteria
  42. Are specialized, that live and multiply in the gastrointestinal tract of arthropod carriers such as ticks and fleas.
    Rickettsias
  43. ...... Are produced by living organisms.
    Biological toxins
  44. The .... is the temperature at which enough vapors are given off to support continuous burning.
    Fire point
  45. The ... is the minimum temperature at which a liquid or volatile solid gives off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture with air near its surface.
    Flash point
  46. Solid particle that is formed and generated from solid organic or inorganic materials by reducing its size through mechanical processes such as crushing, grinding, drilling, abrading, or blasting.
    Dust
  47. Suspension of particles that form when material from volatilized (vapor state) solid condenses cool air. In most cases, the solid, smoke like particles resulting from the condensation react with air to form an oxide.
    Fume
  48. Finely divided liquid suspended in the atmosphere.
    Mist
  49. Form of mist characterized by highly respirable, minutes liquid particles.
    Aerosol
  50. Solid particle whose length is several times greater than its diameter.
    Fiber
  51. Gaseous form of a substance that is normally in a solid or liquid state at temperature and pressure. It is formed by evaporation from a liquid or sublimation from a solid.
    Vapor
  52. Victims who are able to understand directions, talk, and walk unassisted are considered to be ......
    Ambulatory
  53. .... patients are victims or responders who are unconscious, unresponsive, or unable to move unassisted.
    Nonambulatory
  54. Most spill control tactics are ......, performed by hazardous material technicians and specialist.
    Defensive
  55. Most leak control tactics are ....., perform by hazardous material technicians and specialist.
    Offensive
  56. The ....., sometimes called outer perimeter or outer cordon, is the boundary establish to prevent access by the public and unauthorized persons.
    Isolation perimeter
  57. The U.S. Department of Transportation identifies a flammable liquid as having a flashpoint of ......
    Less than 141°F
  58. The NFPA identifies a flammable liquid of having a flashpoint of .....
    Less than 100°F
  59. The flashpoint is commonly used to determine how flammable liquid is. The EPA identifies a flammable liquid as one with a flashpoint of .....
    Less than 140°F
  60. Lighter than air gases:
    • Ha Ha Micen
    • Helium
    • Acetylene
    • Hydrogen
    • Ammonia
    • Methane
    • Illuminating
    • Carbon monoxide
    • Ethylene
    • Nitrogen
  61. Irritants and ..... asphyxiants interfere with oxygen flow to the lungs and the blood.
    Chemical
  62. Neurotoxins act on the body's ...... system by interrupting nerve impulses.
    Nervous
  63. ..... are toxins called temporary but sometimes severe inflammation to the arms, skin, or respiratory system. Played often into the mucous membranes of the body such as the surfaces of the eyes, nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.
    Irritants
  64. ...... are toxic materials that can cause convulsants.
    Convulsants
  65. ..... are cancer-causing agents. Examples of known or suspected materials are polyvinylchloride, benzene, asbestos, some chlorinated hydrocarbons, arsenic, nickel, some pesticides.
    Carcinogens
  66. The simplest types of microorganisms that can only replicate themselves in the living cells of their host. .... does not respond to antibiotics
    Viruses
  67. .... microscopic, single celled organisms. Most do not cause disease and people, but when they do, two different mechanisms are possible: invading the tissues or producing toxins.
    Bacteria
  68. Are specialized bacteria that live in multiply in the gastrointestinal tract of arthropod carriers such as ticks and fleas.
    Rickettsias
  69. Yellow Pages in the ERG provide:
    ID number index-hazardous material in numerical order of ID number
  70. The blue boarded pages of the ERG provide:
    A index of dangerous goods in alphabetical order by material name
  71. The orange bordered section of the ERG book is the most important because it provides:
  72. Initial action guide:
    • Potential hazards
    • Public Safety
    • Emergency response
  73. What color in the ERG is table of initial isolation and protective action distances?
    Green pages
  74. In the ERG, a small spill is one that involves a single, small package up to .... gallon, small cylinder, or small leak from a large package.
    55 gallon drum
  75. A ... spill is one that involves a spill from a large package or multiple spills from many small packages.
    Large
  76. ..... agents are chemical that attacked the lungs causing tissue damage.
    Choking agents
  77. Limbo liquids have a flashpoint that is ..... than one hundred Fahrenheit
    Less
  78. Intimate space
    0-18"
  79. Personal space
    18"-4'
  80. Social space
    4'-10'
  81. Public space from another person
    10 to infinity
  82. Hazmat: pg.
    What should be done if it is not possible to make all predictions required to analyze the hazardous material incident?
    A. Go with the information you have
    B. Pull back from the incident
    C. Contact dispatch for instruction
    D. look for assistance
    D. Look for assistance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. What is the simplest dispersion pattern of a solid in many cases?
    Pile
  84. The ..... temperature of a substance is the minimum temperature to which the fuel in air must be heated to initiate self-sustaining combustion without initiation from a independent ignition source
    Autoignition
  85. Instantaneous and explosive release of stored chemical energy of a hazardous material. Ex: high explosive
    Detonation
  86. Immediate release of a chemical or mechanical energy caused by runaway cracks. Occur within the timeframe of one second or less. Ex:BLEVE
    Violent rupture
  87. Fast release of a pressurized hazardous material through properly operating safety devices caused by damaged valve, piping, or attachments for holes in a container. This action may occur in a period of several seconds to several minutes.
    Rapid relief
  88. Slow release of a hazardous material under atmospheric or head pressure through holes, rips, tears, or usual opening/attachments can occur in a period of several minutes to several days.
    Spill/leak
  89. Milliseconds, seconds; ex: deflagration, explosion, or detonation.
    Immediate
  90. Minutes, hours; ex: gas or vapor cloud
    Short – term
  91. Days, weeks, months; lingering pesticide
    Medium – Term
  92. Years, generations;ex: permanent radioactive source
    Long – term
  93. ..... recovery involves those actions necessary to return the resource forces to a level of pre-– incident readiness. These actions involve the release of units, resupply of materials and equipment, decontamination of equipment and PPE, &....
    Operational recovery
  94. ..... and conventional attacks have been the weapon of choice for terrorist throughout history, and most experts agree that ...... Are the greatest WMD threat today.
    Explosives
  95. The US&R has designated audio signals to use on scene. One long and one short horn blast indicates:
    Resume operations
  96. The US&R has designated audio signals to use on scene. Three short blasts indicates:
    Evacuate the area
  97. The US&R has designated audio signals to use on scene. One long blast (three seconds indicates:
    Cease operations/all quiet
  98. Defensive spill control tactics that confine hazardous materials include the following:
    • Absorption
    • Adsorption
    • Blanketing/covering
    • Dam,dike, diversion, and retention
    • Vapor suppression
  99. Energetic, positively charged .... particles rapidly lose energy when passing through matter
    Alpha -ionizing radiation
  100. Fast moving, positively or negatively charged electrons emitted from the nucleus doing radioactive Decay.
    Beta-ionizing radiation
  101. Hi energy photons weightless packets of like visible light and x-rays
    Gamma - ionizing radiation
  102. ...... is a colorless, nonflammable gas that has a odor of freshly cut hay.
    Phosgene
  103. It is determined that .... is the preferred option over evacuation
    Sheltering in place
  104. .......is a attractive offensive roll or aggressive posture to physically protecting those who are in harms way.
    Protecting/defending in place
  105. Acronyms for WMDS:
    COBRA
    B-NICE
    NBC
    CBR
    • Acronyms for WMDS:
    • COBRA(chemical, ordinance, biological, radiological agents)
    • B-NICE(biological,nuclear, incendiary,chemical, explosive)
    • NBC(nuclear, biological, chemical)
    • CBR(chemical, biological, and radiological attacks)
  106. ..... is the most important factor in medical management of individuals who have been exposed to nerve agents because of their extremely rapid effects. Defective treatment is best achieved by immediate use of autoinjectors containing antidotes.
    Speed
  107. Shielding- exposure from fallout is reduced by about ...... percent inside a one-story building and buy ..... percent at a level below ground
    • - 50% inside
    • - 90% at level below ground
    • Pg.367
  108. An individual with the training and expertise to provide competent assistance and direction that hazmat and WMD incidents .......?
    Allied professional or hazmat technician
  109. The decontamination site needs to be ..... of the hot zone to help prevent the spread of airborne contaminants into clean areas.
    Upwind
  110. MC-331s of 3,500 gallon capacity or larger should have .... Emergency shut off valves located remotely from other, typically in this configuration they are located one on the tank behind the driver and the other one on the rear of the tank
    Two

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