The systematic, rigorous, critical investigation that aims to answer nursing phenomena.
The collection, evaluation, and integration of valid research evidence, combined with clinical expertise and an understanding of patient and family values and preferences, to inform clinical decision making.
Evidence Based Practice
The systematic use of data to monitor the outcomes of care processes as well as the use of improvement methods to design and test changes in practice for the purpose of continuously improving the quality and safety of health care systems.
Appraisal by a nurse who is knowledgeable consumer of research, and who can appraise research evidence and use existing standards to determine the merit and readiness of research for use in clinical practice.
The study of research questions about human experiences. Conducted in natural settings and uses text and words verses numbers to describe human experiences.
The process of testing relationships, differences, and cause and effect interactions among and between variables. Tested with hypothesis or research questions.
An active interpretation and objective assessment of an article during which the reader is looking for key concepts, ideas, and justifications.
The process of critical appraisal that objectively and critically evaluates a research report's content for scientific merit and application to practice.
A rating system for judging the strength of a study's design.
Levels of Evidence
A short comprehensive synopsis or summary of a study at the beginning of an article.
A summation and assessment of a group of research studies that test a similar research question.
A summary of a number of studies focused on one question or topic, and uses a specific statistical methodology to synthesize the findings in order to draw conclusions about the area of focus.
A focused review and synthesis of research or theoretical literature in a particular focus area, and includes specific steps of literature integration and synthesis without statistical analysis; it can include qualitative and quantitative articles.
The synthesis of a number of qualitative research studies on a focused topic using specific qualitative methodology.
Systematically developed practice statements designed to assist clinicians about health care decisions for specific conditions or situations.
Expert-based guidelines developed by an agreement of experts in the field.
Guidelines developed using published research findings and allow the researcher to better understand the evidence base of certain practices.