Card Set Information
Chapter7 Pshychology Memory
Memory: Remembrance of Things Past and Future
processes by which information is encoded, stored, andretrieved.
Information about the outside world reaches our senses in the form of physicaland chemical stimuli
remembering things as a picture.
remembering things as a sequence of sounds
remembering things in terms of their meaning
maintaining information over time
mentally repeating information.
our awareness of the functioning of our memory.
elaborating or extending the semantic meaning ofwhat you are trying to remember
requires locating stored information and returning it to consciousness.
is the type of memory that is first encountered by a stimulus.
Visual stimuli are referred to as
The sensory register that holds icons
Photographic memory is technically referred to as
having the ability to store visual stimuli for remarkably long periods of time.
occur about four times every second.
Saccadic eye movements
Iconic memory holds icons for up to
Mental representations of sounds, or auditory stimuli, are called
The sensory register that holds echoes
If one focuses on a stimulus in the sensory register, they will tend to retain it in
also referred to as
In short term memory the image tends to significantly fade after
if it is not rehearsed.
The tendency to recall the first and last items in a series
discrete elements of information
the third stage of information processing
memories people tend to remember that are surprising, important, and emotionally stirring
arrangement of items into groups or classes according to common or distinct features.
the feeling of knowing experience.
clear in the context in which they were formed.
We retrieve information better when we are in the physiological or emotional state that is similar to the one in which we encoded and stored the information
Three basic memory tasks have been used to measure forgetting:
Failure to recognize something we have experienced
Remembering information from memory without cues.
We can relearn information more rapidly the second time.
difference between the number of repetitions needed to learn and the number of repetitions to relearn the list.
new learning interferes with the retrieval of old learning
older learning interferes with the capacity to retrieve more recently learned material
we are motivated to forget painful memories because they produce anxiety, guilt, and shame
recovered memories that are sometime induced by therapists
difficulty in remembering episodes that happened prior to age 3 or so
memory lapses for the period
memory lapses for the period before the accident
electrical circuits in the brain that correspond to memory traces.
increases the efficiency of conditioning.
released when stimuli are paired repeatedly.
involved in the formation of new memories
Parts of memories are stored in appropriate areas of the
largely responsible for integrating these pieces of information when we recall an event.
acts apparently as the executive center in memory
involved in verbal memories.