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What is health psychology
devoted to understanding psychologcial influences on how ppl stay healthy, why ppl become ill, and how ppl respond when they do become ill.
What is the health organization's definition of health (1948)
is a complete state of well-being. Physical, mental, and social well being. It is not merely the absence of desease.
The state of optimum health is refered to as
What are the four areas of focus in Health Psychology
- -Health promotion and maintenance
- -Prevention and treatment of illness
- -Etiology(cause) and correclations of health, illness, and dysfunction
- -Improving the health care system and formulating health policy
Definitions of health by various cultures
Started out as a punishment from God until about the 1600 where ppl started understanding the body and how it worked. 1946 a complete physical, mental, social well being.
What does the biopsychosocial model focus on:
- The fundamental assumption that health and illness are consequences of the interplay of
- social factors
What does the biomedical model focus on:
- Illness. And was the dominant model for past 300 years. All illness can be explained on the basis of aberrant somatic processes.
- Psychological/social processes.
What are the limitaitons of the biomedical model?
- Single-factor model
- Mind-body dualism(separate)
- Emphasis on illness over health
- Reductionism (That a system is nothing but the sum of its parts)
What are the shortcomings of the biomedical model?
- -Cant accout for why not all people with the same somatic conditons develop disease.
- -Instead, need to focus on interactions of multiple pathways.
What are the advantages of the biopsychosocial model?
- -Microlevel processes
- -macrolevel processes
- -multiple factors
- -mind and body cannot be distinguished in matters of health and illness
- -emphasis on both health and illness
What makes up the biopsychosocial model:
biological, psycholgical, sociological factors interact to produce health and disease.
What makes up the psychological factor:
personality, self efficacy, personal control, optimistic bias, social support, stress, coping skills, diet, risky behaviors, adherence to medical advice
What makes up the biology factor:
genetics, physiolgy, gender, age, vulnerability to stress, immune system, nutrition, medications
What makes up the sociology factor:
poverty, ethnic background, cultural beliefs, racism, living with chronic illness.
The process of diagnosis and recommendations for treatments must consider 3 factors:
- biological, psychological and socal
- The relationship between the patient and the health care practitioner is important in the effectiveness of care.
What factors contribute to recovery when a person is ill:
biological, psychological, and social.
- The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science knowledge and techniques relevant to health and illness and the applicaiton of this knowlege and these techniques to prevent, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitions
- (schartz & weiss 1978)
The field of medicine that searches for psychological or emotional causes for illness.
American psychological association division 38 health psychology mission statement
Established to facilitate collaboration among psychologists and other health science and health care professionals interested in the psychological and behavioral aspects of physical and mental health.
The role of the health psychologist in changing health habits and in contributing to treatment is acknowleged.
The risk of health psychology demonstrated constributions
short term behavioral interventions have been effective in helping patients.
What is health psychology training for:
- health psychologists
- physical therapists
- social workers
- occupational therapists
- public health workers.
Public health researchers help to :
- -develop educational interventions of promote the practice of better health behaviors.
- -formally evaluate programs for improving health related practices
- -be administrators for health agencies.