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- To separate and go in different directions
- ex) The parallel lines appear to diverge.
- a mass of bushes and plants that grow close together under trees in woods and forests
- ex) They used their knives to clear a path through the dense undergrowth.
- to say that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it.
- ex)He claims he was not given a fair hearing.
- to crush or press something with your feet
- ex) Don't tread ash into the carpet!
- syn) Trample
- to take and then let out a long deep breath that can be heard, to show that you are disappointed, sad, tired, etc.
- ex) He sighed deeply at the thought.
- For this reason.
- ex) We suspect they are trying to hide something, hence the need for an independent inquiry.
- the act of deliberately making somebody believe something that is not true
- ex) He was accused of obtaining property by deception.
- syn) Deceit
- the state of not being true; the act of telling a lie
- ex) to test the truth or falsehood of her claims
- syn) lie
- To make something dirty or no longer pure, especially something that people consider important or holy
- ex) Many victims of burglary feel their homes have been defiled.
- to order somebody not to do something
- ex) Her father forbade the marriage.
- syn) Prohibit
- causing hatred, especially for moral reasons
- ex) Racism is abhorrent to a civilized society
- syn) Repugnant, repulsive, detest, loathe
Sway (hold sway)
to have a controlling influence; dominate
ex) The pigs held sway over the other animals in George Orwell's Animal Farm
- widespread; existing in all parts of a place or thing
- ex) A sense of social change is pervasive in her novels.
- a short story that teaches a moral or spiritual lesson
- ex) The Parable of the Boiled Frog
- weak and unable to think or move well because you are ill/sick or very tired
- ex) The sleeping pills left her feeling very groggy.
- a system of organs in the body
- ex) the sensory apparatus
- of high rank, position, or great importance
- ex) She was the only woman to rise to such an exalted position.
- an event, action or thing that is a sign that something exists or is happening
- ex) The riots are a clear manifestation of the people's discontent.
- forming a united whole
- ex) a cohesive group
- Being or occurring between two or more social groups
- ex) intergroup relation
- secret agreement especially in order to do something dishonest or to trick people
- ex) The police were corrupt and were operating in collusion with the drug dealers.
- an opinion that all members of a group agree with
- ex) There is a growing consensus of opinion on this issue.
- taking care to do things carefully and correctly
- ex) She was thorough and conscientious, rather than brilliant.
unpleasant and unfair
ex) It would be invidious to single out any one person to thank.
- to try to destroy a person's belief in something or somebody
- syn) undermine
- pleasant; friendly and easy to like
- ex) an amiable tone of voice
- syn) agreeable
- involving a lot of energy and activity in a way that is not organized
- ex) to live at a frenetic pace
- showing that you are sorry for having done something wrong
- ex) to be in a penitential mood
- One of the people or groups of people involved in a legal agreement or argument
- ex) the agreement satisfied most of the parties involved.
- to protect somebody/something from unpleasant experiences or influences
- ex) until now the industry has been insulated from economic realities
- syn) shield
- very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble
- ex) a pilot must remain vigilant at all times
- syn) alert, watchful
One party has more or better information than the other.
Creates an imbalance of power in transactions which can sometimes cause the transactions to go awry, even market failure. Prime example of this problem is moral hazard.
- Any person who has the legal capacity to perform an act may be a principal and empower an agent to carry out that act.
- ex)Principal-agent problem
- Any individual capable of comprehending the act to be undertaken
- ex) Principal-Agent problem
A school of thought that the global temperature has been rising since 1970s mostly due to human factors and is threatening our lives.
- weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally
- ex) to be vulnerable to attack
- a liquid that is painted onto wood, metal, etc., and that forms a hard shiny transparent surface when it is dry
- ex) I'll give the shelves a coat of varnish.
- of, relating to, consisting of, or produced by molecules
- ex) molecular component
- any of the gases that are thought to cause the greenhouse effect, especially carbon dioxide
- ex) a government commitment to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases
- Invisible radiation in the part of the electromagnetic spectrum characterized by wavelengths just longer than those of ordinary visible red light and shorter than those of microwaves.
- ex) The heat we feel from a glowing coal or an incandescent light bulb is from infrared rays.
- a person who has been given an official honor or prize for something important they have achieved
- ex) a Nobel laureate
to strongly disapprove of something and criticize it, especially publicly
ex) Like everyone else, I deplore and condemn this killing.
- an examination of system, including doing repairs on it or making changes to it
- ex) a complete/major overhaul
- official rules that seem more complicated than necessary and prevent things from being done quickly
- ex) You have to go through endless red tape to get a residence permit.
- polite behavior that is appropriate in a social situation
- ex) a sense of decorum
- syn) propriety
- to improve a system, an organization, a law, etc. by making changes to it
- ex) proposals to reform the social security system
a school which receives money from the state but which operates separately from the state system with its own aims and often its own way of teaching. Charter schools often specialize in teaching children with special education needs.
- the act of balancing two things that are opposed to each other
- ex) a trade-off between increased production and a reduction in quality
- to delay or stop the progress of something
- ex) work on the building was impeded by severe weather
- syn) hinder, hamper
- the practice of helping the poor and those in need, especially by giving money
- ex) The sorority holds various philanthropy events in support of St. Jude Hospital.
- the funds migrant workers send back home
- ex) Remittances is the second largest source of foreign aid in Latin America.
- concerned with reducing suffering and improving the conditions that people live in
- ex) to provide humanitarian aid to the war zone
- to be a perfect example of something
- ex) The fighting qualities of the team are epitomized by the captain.
the act of deliberately not including somebody in a group or activity; the state of not being included
ex) The women with fistula were ostracized from their village.
in which three or more groups, nations, etc. take part
ex) The peace talks are to be conducted on a multilateral basis.
the ability to do something well / a skill that you need in a particular job or for a particular task
- ex) professional/technical competence
- ex) the syllabus lists the knowledge and competences required at this level.
- a person who commits a crime or does something that is wrong or evil
- ex) the perpetrators of this crime
- very serious or severe
- ex) the world's acute environmental problems
- to have somebody/something as parts or members
- ex) The collection comprises 300 paintings.
- syn) Consist of
the ability to understand another person's feelings, experience, etc by putting yourself in the person's shoes.
ex) empathy for other people's situations
similar in some way to another thing or situation and therefore able to be compared with it / goes in hand-in-hand
ex) Sleep has been thought analogous to death.
able to see a matter in multidimensional way.
ex) stereoscopic vision
- continuing for only a short time
- ex) the transitory nature of his freedom
to prevent something/somebody from doing something or making progress, especially when this is done deliberately
- ex) terrorists attempted to obstruct the peace process
- syn) hinder
- to limit something or make it last for a shorter time
- ex) The lecture was curtailed by the fire alarm going off
- that cannot be divided into separate parts
- ex) For him, music and lyrics are virtually indivisible.
- to become weaker or less effective
- ex) Her courage never faltered
- syn) Waver
a beautiful view, for example, of the countryside, a city, etc.
ex) the view of the vista was amazing.
to dislike and have no respect for somebody/something
ex) she despised gossip in any form.
- to prevent somebody from easily doing or achieving something
- ex) Our efforts were severely hampered by a lack of money.
behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
ex) The women wore veils in deference to the customs of the country.
- ruled or controlled by men; giving power and importance only to men
- ex) a patriarchal society
E pluribus unum
- "Out of many, one."
- ex) The diversity in America exemplifies a concept of E pluribus unum.
ex) a campaign to change public perception of the police
There is a mosque in Itaewon.
She wore a hijab in respect to the Islamic culture.
She has an unyielding courage.
She could not suppress her anger.
a promise obtained by coercion is never binding
Demonstrators succeeded in disrupting the meeting.
Hope sustained us during that difficult time.
I'm just stoked about getting to see you
music often transcends cultural boundaries
It is one of their overarching objectives
This leads, inter alia, to a reduction in consumer choice.
The threat of sanctions is our most powerful lever for peace.
The incident was used as a pretext for intervention in the area.
By resorting to such thuggery, the protesters only weaken their position.
The role of banking regulators is to regulate to reduce the moral hazards.
The dog was rescued from the river by two plucky kids.
He became embroiled in a dispute with his neighbors.
George was in a quandary—should he go or shouldn't he?
Barack Obama is caricatured as a pacifist.
It was impossible to second-guess the decision of the jury.
His trip through Asia made an interesting narrative.
He often plays the part of the villain.
The disease is even more prevalent in Latin America.
Therefore I am not quite sure of the purport of your question
Thanks for the book. Great writing and a gripping story.
Suddenly the horse lurched to one side and the child fell off.
Prices fluctuate very widely.
Grants without strings attached
Many African countries receive grants without strings attached from China.
Is North Korea going to dismantle its nuclear program?
The world's resources are rapidly diminishing.
He underscored his points with emphatic gestures.
He will face trial on money laundering charges.
He lived on the street as a vagrant.