The idea that the characteristics a people attribute to males and females are highly culturally, not biologically determined
gender (sex) roles
The rights and duties individuals have because of their percieved identities as males, females, or another gender category.
Custom by which a person of one sex is allowed to adopt the roles and behaviour of the opposite sex, with little or no stigma or punishment.
The degree to which males and females are uunequal in dimensions such as status, power or influence, access to valued resources, eligibility for social positions, and ability to make decisions about their own lives.
multiple gender identities
Definitions of sexual identities beyond the female and male duality, including third and fourth genders such as man-woman or woman-man.
Physical differences based on genetic differences between females and males.
sexual (gendered) division of labor
The kinds of productive activities (tasks) that are assigned to women versus men in a culture.