Geoarchaeology

Card Set Information

Author:
akatherine
ID:
281509
Filename:
Geoarchaeology
Updated:
2014-09-01 20:25:24
Tags:
geoarchaeology
Folders:
Archaeology
Description:
Geoarchaeology: geography and archaeology
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  1. What important information do we acquire from sediments?
    • origin
    • transport
    • nature of the locale where it was deposited
  2. 3 types of sediments
    • clastic
    • chemical
    • organic
  3. clastic sediments
    composed of fragments of rock, other sediment, or soil material that reflect a history of erosion, transport, and deposition.
  4. Early Archaic Period
    • 6500 BC - 2000 BC
    • warmer temperatures
    • small game hunters, gatherers
    • lightly built structures
    • used storage pits (not common)
  5. Paleo-Indian Period
    • 15,000 B.P. (?) - 6500 BCE
    • earliest Indians in North America
    • includes Clovis climate was cold
    • big game hunters
  6. Middle Archaic Period
    • 2000 BC - 1 AD
    • hunter gatherers
    • seasonal use of caves
    • petroglyphs
    • no pottery
  7. Late Archaic Period
    • 1 CE - 1600 CE
    • agriculture becomes important
    • used pottery
    • community becomes important
  8. Five main Late Archaic period prehistoric Pueblo Cultures of the southwest
    • Anasazi
    • Mogollon 
    • Hohokam 
    • Sinagua 
    • Salado
  9. fluvial
    of or pertaining to a river
  10. facies
    the appearance and characteristics of a sedimentary deposit, especially as they reflect the conditions and environment of deposition and serve to distinguish the deposit from contiguous deposits.
  11. lithology
    the physical characteristics of a rock or stratigraphic unit

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