BBG-18

Card Set Information

Author:
jarnds
ID:
28156
Filename:
BBG-18
Updated:
2010-07-27 17:09:28
Tags:
Greek Verbs
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Description:
Present Middle/Passive Indicative
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  1. What does it mean when the verb is “active”?
    The subject of the verb is performing the action. “I hit the ball.” The subject is “I” which is doing the action of hitting the ball.
  2. What does it mean when the verb is “passive”?
    The action of the verb is being done to the subject. “I am hit by the ball”. The subject “I” is being hit by the ball.
  3. What are the components of the Present Passive Indicative verb?
    Present tense stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive personal endings.
  4. What is the Second Person Singular Primary Passive ending and why is it “troublesome”?
    Sai – Because the sigma occurs between vowels in the non-stem part o the word (Lu +e + sai), it will often drop out and the vowels will contract making it difficult to see the true ending.
  5. List the Primary Tenses of the Master Personal Ending Chart (this includes the Primary Active and Primary Middle/Passive endings)
  6. What is a Deponent Verb?
    A verb that is middle or passive in form but active in meaning. It is always passive in form, but always active in meaning.
  7. How can you tell if a verb is “deponent”?
    Its lexical form – deponent verbs are always listed in lexicons with passive endings. If its lexical form ends in omega – it is not deponent. If the lexical form ends in –omai – then it is deponent.
  8. Can a verb be both regular and deponent in the same tense?
    No- it will be one or the other in a single tense.
  9. Can a verb be deponent in one tense and not in another?
    Yes- it can change from one tense to another.
  10. What are the three tenses in Greek?
    • Active, middle, passive. In the present tense – Middle and passive are identical.
    • What are the components of the Present Middle/deponent Indicative verb?
    • Present tense stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings- it is formed the same way that the present passive indicative verb is formed.
  11. What is the paradigm of the Present Passive Indicative?
  12. What is the paradigm for the Present Middle/Deponent Indicative?
  13. Review the Present Middle/Passive Paradigms for Contract verbs:
  14. Apokrinomai (meaning “I answer”) can take its direct object in which case?
    Dative
  15. Review the Master Verb Chart #2
  16. “dei” (meaning “it is necessary”) – What is unique about this verb?
    It is always in the 3rd person singular, it never changes its form, and its subject is always neuter.
  17. “dunamai” (meaning “I am able, am powerful”)- What is unique about this verb?
    • It is one of the few exceptions to the rules concerning connecting vowels – it uses alpha throughout.

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