Card Set Information
Edward Jenner's contribution to microbiology? Vaccines
Edward Jenner's contribution to microbiology?
What agents effect the bacterial cell wall?
detergents, alcohol, quaternary ammonium compounds
Does not have a Phospholipid Bilayer
Gram Negative Cell Envelope
Does have a Phospholipid bilayer
Inhibits bacterial cell wall formation?
Back round stained to see
Extrachromosomal DNA in bacteria ?
Transformed bacteria acquires naked DNA?
Recombinant bacteria used in industry?
human growth hormone, vaccines, and insulin
Bacteria which are resistant to antibiotic agents?
Pathogenicity of microorganisms?
disease acquired directly from the environment
degree of the occurrence and how long it stays
person to person
Physical barriers body defense
skin, nose hair, and cilia
Chemical body defense
sebum, saliva, and gastric juices
Helper T cells differentiate into?
memory T c cells
Produce antibodies when they are activated?
Precipitation of antigen-antibody complexes
Active natural vaccine
passed from the mother
Active artificial vaccine
vaccine including protective immunity
Viruses are called obligate parasite. Why?
need a host to get in
During viral maturation
all components of virus is assembled
T h cells and macrophages are destroyed by the virus?
causes chicken pox
Herpes gladiatorium causes?
toxic shock syndrome
hepatitis D is caused by?
hepatitis virus with co-infection with hepatitis B
Epstein Barr virus causes?
Consist of hyphae and mycelium?
Vaginal infection where a smear under microscope shows budding cells with pseudohyphea?
Influenza shows antigenic drift?
mutations in genes for hemoglobin
Pathogens are sensitive to drying and die in the environment
Typhoid fever is caused by shigella
Does not produce a toxin for food poisoning?
Is not treatable?
Can infect humans through water supply?
Syphilis is caused by?
Are called helminthes?
Has no nucleus use pili to get in?
Bacterial (gram positive) clusters are called?
begins with pyruvic acid
all fermentation of glucose begins with pyruvic acid as sbstrate
same as growth rate
Chemically defined media
used to study nutrient requirement of the bacteria
DNA polymerase uses DNA as blueprint to synthesize RNA
Rh negative mother carrying Rh positive child causes hemolytic disease of newborns?