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What is the circulators role in medication circulation?
- Obtain correct medication
- Deliver medication to the sterile field using aseptic technique
- Document all medications used from sterile field
What is the scrubs role in medication administration?
- Identify medication
- Accept medication into the sterile field
- Label medication immediately
- Pass the medication to surgeon as requested
What are the "Six Rights" of medication administration?
- Right Drug
- Right Dose
- Right Route
- Right Patient
- Right Time
- Right Documentation
What is a hypersensitivity?
Body reacts with an exaggerated immune system response
What is asepsis?
The state of being free if pathogenic organisms
What is carpule?
A capsule-like vessel containing the local anesthetic solution that is inserted into the syringe in preparation for an injection.
What is diluent?
A substance used to dilute another substance
What are the steps for medication identification?
- Circulator reads label
- Circulator reads label aloud to scrub
- Circulator shows label to scrub
- Scrub states medication information aloud
- Scrub accepts medication
- Scrub labels medication container immediately
What sized syringes are used in surgery?
1mL - 60mL
What are the 3 parts of a syringe?
What are the 2 types of syringes?
- Luer-Loc - needle screws on/used in surgery
- Plain-tip/Slip-tip - used for IV's and in certain specialty situations
What are 1mL and 3mL syringes used for in surgery?
Inflation of ballon on embolectomy catheter
What is a 5mL syringe used for in surgery?
Inflate balloon on Foley catheter
What is the commonly used syringe in surgery?
- Used for inflating cuff on tracheotomy tube
- Injection of local anesthetic
What are 30mL syringes used for in surgery?
- Inject saline irrigation and contrast media into the common bile duct
- Inflate 30mL balloon on a foley catheter
- Administer heparinized saline into an arterial irrigation catheter
What are the 3 parts of a hypodermic needle?
- Hub - fits onto the syringe
- Tip - beveled end of the shaft
What is a lumen?
The hollow space inside the needle
What is an 18-gauge needle used for in surgery?
Draw up medication
What is the most common needle length in surgery?
1 1/2 inches
What sized needles are used in surgery?
27-gauge - 18 gauge
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