Phlebotomy Class Study Guide

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Phlebotomy Class Study Guide
2014-08-29 23:19:24
Phlebotomy Terms Tops Tests ETC

Test Tuesday on Phlebotomy
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  1. Anemia
    Deficiency of red blood cells
  2. Anticoagulant
    Substance that prevents blood from clotting
  3. Leukemia
    Malignant overproduction of white blood cells
  4. Plasma
    Liquid portion of the blood
  5. Serum
    Clear yellow fluid that remains after clotted blood has been centrifuged and separated
  6. CBC
    Complete blood count
  7. Differential
    Determines the percentage of the different types of white blood cells and evaluates red blood cells and platelet morphology. May be examined microscopically on a peripheral blood smear stained with wrights stain.
  8. Hematocrit (HCT)
    Determines the volume if red blood cells packed by centrifugation
  9. Hemoglobin (HGB)
    Determines the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
  10. Indices
    Calculations to determine the size of the red blood cells and amount of hemoglobin
  11. Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)
    Determines amount of hemoglobin in a red blood cell
  12. Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration
    Determines the wright of hemoglobin in a red blood cell and compares it with the size of the cell. Expressed as a percent
  13. Platelet count (PLT)
    Determines the amount of Platelets in Blood Circulation
  14. Red Blood Cell Count
    Determines the amount of red blood cells in Circulating blood.
  15. Red Blood Cell Distribution Width
    Calculation to determine the difference in the size of the red blood cells
  16. White Blood Count
    Determines the number of white blood cells in circulating blood.
  17. Body Fluid Analysis
    Determines the number and type of cell in various body fluids
  18. Bone Marrow
    Determines the number and type of cells in the bone marrow
  19. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate ESR
    Determines the rate of red blood cell sedimentation
  20. Reticulocyte Count
    Evaluates bone marrow production of red blood cells
  21. Sickle Cells
    Screening test for HGB S ( Sickle Cell anemia)
  22. Special Stains
    Determine the type of leukemia or other cellular disorders
  23. Centrifuge
    Instrument that spins test tubes at high speeds to separates the cellular and liquid portions of blood
  24. Electrolyte
    Ions in the blood
  25. Electrophoresis
    Method of separation by electrical charge
  26. Enzyme
    Protien capable of producing a chemical reaction with a specific substance
  27. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
    Evaluates the intrinsic system of the coagulation cascade and monitors heparin theraphy
  28. antithrombin 3
    Screening test for increased clotting tendencies
  29. Anti-Xa Heparin Assay
    Monitors unfractionated heparin Therapy
  30. Proteins C and S
    Evaluate Venous Thrombosis
  31. Bleeding Time
    Evaluates the function of platelets
  32. D- Dimer
    Measures abnormal blood clotting and fibrinolysis
  33. Factor Assays
    Detect Factor deficiencies that prolong coagulation
  34. Fibrinogen
    Determines the amount of fibrinogen  in plasma
  35. Platelet Aggregation
    Evaluates the function of platelets
  36. Prothrombin time and International normalized Ratio
    Evaluates the extrinsic system of the coagulation cascade and monitors coumadin therapy
  37. Thrombin Time
    Determines if adequate fibrinogen is present for normal coagulation
  38. Antibody
    Protein produced by exposure to antigen
  39. Antigen
    Substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies
  40. Antibody Screen
    Detects abnormal antibodies in serum
  41. Direct Antihuman globulin test
    Directs abnormal antibodies on red blood cells
  42. Group and Type
    ABO and RH typing
  43. PAnel
    Identifies abnormal antibodies in serum
  44. Type and cross match
    ABO RH typing and compatibility test
  45. Type and Screen
    ABO, RH, and antibody screen
  46. Anti HIV
    Screening test for human immunodeficiency virus
  47. Antinuclear Antibody
    Detects nuclear autoantibodies
  48. Antistreptolysin O Screen
    Detects a previous Streptococcus infection
  49. C Reactive Protien
    Elevated levels indicate atypical pneumona
  50. Cold Agglutinis
    Evelated the function of the immune system
  51. Fluorescent antinuclear antibody
    Detects and identifies nuclear anti bodies
  52. Fluorcent treponemal  Antibody absorbed
    Confirmatory test for syphillis
  53. Hepatitus  A Anti body
    Detects hepatitis A current or past infections
  54. Hepatitis B surface antigen
    Detects Hepatitus B infection
  55. Hepatitis C antibody
    Detects Hepatitis C infection
  56. Human Chronic Gonadotropin
    Hormone found in the urine and serum during pregnacy
  57. Immunogloblin levels
    Evaluate the function of the immune system
  58. Monospot
    Screening test for infectious mononucleosis
  59. Rapid Plasma Reagin
    Screening test for syphilis
  60. Rheumatoid arthritis
    detects autoantibodies present in rheumatoid arthritis
  61. Rubella titer
    Evaluates immunity to german measles
  62. Venereal Disease Research
    Screening test for syphilles
  63. Western Blot
    Confirmatory test for human immunodeficiency virus
  64. Bacteria
    One cell micro organisms
  65. Bacteriology
    The study of biology
  66. Culture and Sensitivity
    Microbiology test to identify microorganisms and determine antibiotic susceptibility
  67. Gram Stain
    Stain used to classify bacteria
  68. MicroBiology
    The study of microorganisms
  69. Microorganism
    One cell organism such as a bacterium or virus
  70. Mycology
    The study of Fungi
  71. Parasitology
    The study of paracytes
  72. Virology
    The study of viruses
  73. Cast
    Protein Structure formed in the tubules of the kidney
  74. First Morning Sample
    The first voided urine specimen collected immediately upon arising.
  75. Glycosuria
    Glucose in urine
  76. Hematuria
    Blood or hemoglobin in the urin
  77. Hemoglobinuria
    Blood or Hemoglobin in the urin
  78. Ketonuria
    Ketones in the urine
  79. Proteinuria
    Protein in the urine
  80. Reagent Stripe
    chemical impregnated plastic strip used of analysis of urine
  81. Urinalysis
    Physical, Chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine
  82. Acid Fast Bacillus
    Detects acid fast bacteria
  83. Blood Culture
    Detects bacteria and fungi in the blood
  84. Culture and Sensitivity
    Detects microbial infection and determines antibiotic treatment
  85. Fungal Culture
    Detects the presence of and determines the type of fungi
  86. Gram Stain
    Detects the presence of and aids in the identification of bacteria
  87. Occult Blood
    • Detects non visible blood
    • (Stool Samples)
  88. Ova and Parasites
    • Detects parasitic infection
    • ( Stool)
  89. Color
    Detects blood bilirubin and other pigments
  90. Appearence
    Detects cellular and crystalline elements
  91. Specific Gravity
    Measures the concentration of urine
  92. PH
    Determines the acidity of urine
  93. PRotein
    Elevated levels indicate kidney disorders
  94. Glucose
    Elevated levels indicate diabetes mellitus
  95. Ketones
    Elevated levels indicate mellitus or starvation
  96. Blood
    Detects red blood cells or hemoglobin
  97. Bilirubin
    Elevated levels indicate liver disorders
  98. Urobilinogen
    Elevated levels indicate liver or hemolytic disorders
  99. Nitrite
    Detects bacterial infection
  100. Leukocyte esterase
    Detects white blood cells
  101. Microscopic
    Determines the number and type of cellular elements
  102. Accreditation
    Process by which a program or institution documents meeting established guidelines
  103. Alternative Medicine
    Medical procedures not generally considered to be proven by conventional scientific methods
  104. Cerification
    Documentation assuring that an individual has met certain professional standards
  105. Confidentiality
    Maintaining ones privacy of information
  106. Continuing Education
    Maintenance of current knowledge
  107. Cross Training
    Instruction to aquire additional patient care skills
  108. Cultural Diversity
    The integration of language customs and beliefs religion and values
  109. Decentralization
    Performance of procedures in various locations
  110. Diagnostic Related Groups
    Goverment classification of a medical disorder for purposes of cost reimbursement
  111. Phlebotomy
    Puncture or incision into a vein to obtain blood
  112. Samples
    One or more parts taken from a system
  113. Specimens
    Portion of a body fluid or tissue taken for examination
  114. Zone of Comfort
    The amount of distance between two people when communicating