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Where were the plays performed?
Who performed the plays?
a chorus and three actors
What were the costumes?
Why did they perform the plays?
religious festivals in honor of Dionysus, god of wine
What were the types of plays?
tragedies and comedies
What makes a tragedy?
stories that dealt with the mystic past
What makes a comedy?
dealt with contemporary problems
Describe a Greek play
At first riotous and obscene celebrations
What happened to plays in the 5th century?
- They became more serious. began with a solemn procession
- entire city attended free of charge
What was the chorus?
group of actors who moved and sand together; functions as a character in the play
What was the purpose of the chorus?
to set the mood, to give background information; to give possible public opinion; might side with one of the characters
What are the unities?
real time; only one place; only those things that can be displayed on stage
What were not allowed in the unities?
violence, physical injuries, murder
What are the characteristics of a Greek tragic hero?
- comes from nobility or high rank (King, Queen, President, Celebrity)
- tragic flaw (greed, lust, envy, gluttony, sloth, wrath, excessive pride)
What is excessive pride called?
What happens to a tragic hero?
experiences a reversal of fortune and has a downfall that arouses pity, fear, wonder, and awe
A tragic hero
recognizes his mistakes and is purified by a release of emotional tension producing a feeling of calm.
What is a catharsis?
the release of tension
Who is Aeschylus?
father of tragedy; wrote 90-100 plays; added a second actor
Who was Sophocles?
497-406 B.C.; came from a wealthy family; most successful of competitors at Athenian Dionysia festival; added a third actor; developed scene painting
When was Aeschylus life span?
What is media res?
in the middle of the action
What is reversal of fortune?
the turning point for the tragic hero
What is recognition?
the moment when the hero knows the truth
What is accursed?
under a curse; ill-fated; doomed
What is atonement?
reparation for a wrong or injury; amends
What is augury?
What is baseless?
having not basis, unfounded
What is blight?
any of several diseases that wither or kill plants; something that damages or spoils
What is calamitous?
What is defile?
to spoil the purity of
What is divination?
What is endowed?
provided with ability, talent, or quality
What is fatalism?
doctrine that all events and conditions are predetermined by fate and cannot be altered by man
What is impious?
lacking in reverence for gods or a god; irreligious
What is incestuous?
- involving marriage or a sexual relationship between two persons who are closely related
- (parent/child, brother/sister)
What is indictment?
accusation or criticism
What is lineage?
direct descent from an ancestor
What is mock?
to treat or address with ridicule or contempt
What is an oracle?
divinely inspired priest, priestess or other medium through whom certain ancient gods, as Apollo, answered the questions of the worshippers shrine or temple of a god, as that at Delphi, where answers were given
What is solicitude?
What is sulkily?
obstinately silent or withdrawn as a display of bad humor or resentfulness
What is suppliants?
those who earnestly beg
What is supplication?
earnest request or humble prayer
Where did Oedipus Rex take place?
Where did Oedipus grow up?
What was the Sphinx?
- part lion/part woman (body of a lion, wings of an eagle and head of a woman)
- plagues Thebes
What is the riddle of the Sphinx?
What walks on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening?
What was Delphi?
- location of the temple of Apollo
- all Greek men would journey there to discover their fate
- Oracle prophet of Delphi who told one's fate
- Greek concept of fate-no free will; life pre-planned; pre-destined
What are the characters of Oedipus?
- Laius-former King of Thebes, supposedly killed by robbers
- Jocasta-widow of Laius; now married to Oedipus
- Oedipus- King of Thebes by marriage and due to answering the riddle of the Sphinx
More Characters of Oedipus....
- Creon- Jocasta's brother
- Teiresias- blind prophet
- Ismene- daughters of Jocasta and Oedipus
- Polybus-King of Corinth
- Merope-Queen of Corinth
- Corinthian messenger
- Palace messenger
- Old Shepherd