My TCC Biology Cards

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Anonymous
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281690
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My TCC Biology Cards
Updated:
2014-08-30 16:04:48
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Bold questions
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Biology I
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Chapter 1
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  1. Evolution
    The process of change that has transformed life on Earth form its earliest beginnings to the diversity of organisms living today.
  2. Biology
    The scientific study of life.
  3. Emergent Properties
    Refer to those properties that arise from the collaborative functioning of a system, but do not belong to any one part of that system.
  4. Reductionism
    Reductionism is the reduction of complex systems to simpler components that are more manageable to study
  5. System Biology
    Is an approach that attempts to model the dynamic behavior of whole biological systems based on a study of the interaction among the system's parts.
  6. Eukaryotic Cell
    Is a subdivided by internal membranes into various membrane-enclosed organelles. Most Eukaryotic cells, the largest organelle is the nucleus, which contains the cell's DNA.
  7. Prokaryotic Cell
    Are much simpler and generally smaller than Eukaryotic cells. The DNA is not separated from the rest of the cell by enclosure in a membrane-bounded nucleus.
  8. Gene Expression
    The process by which the information in a gene directs the production of a cellular product, is called gene expression
  9. Genome
    Is the entire library of genetic instructions that an organism inherits is called its genome.
  10. Genomics
    An approach that researches use to studying whole sets of genes of a species as well a comparing genomes between species.
  11. Negative feedback
    The most common form of regulation in living systems is Negative Feedback, in which accumulation of an end product of a process slows that process.
  12. Positive Feedback
    The end product speeds up its own production. The clotting of your blood in response to injury is an example.
  13. Domain of Life
    • a) Domain Bacteria
    • b) Domain Archaea
    • c) Domain Eukarya
  14. Natural Selection
    The mechanism of evolutionary adaptation-because the natural environment "selects" for the propagation of certain traits among naturally occurring variant traits in the population.
  15. Science
    From the Latin verb meaning "to know" Science is a way of knowing-an approach to understanding the natural world.
  16. Hypothesis
    Is a tentative answer to a well framed question-an explanation on trail. It is usually a  rational accounting for a set of observations, based on the available data and guided by inductive reasoning.
  17. Deductive Reasoning
    Is generally used after the hypothesis has been developed and involves logic that flows in the opposite direction from the general to the specific.
  18. Controlled Experiment
    One that is designed to compare an experimental group.
  19. Theory
    • Is much broader in scope than hypothesis. A theory is general enough to spin off many new, specific hypotheses that can be tested.
    • A theory is supported by a much greater body of evidence.

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