HFN MOINA

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Author:
annalyze
ID:
281700
Filename:
HFN MOINA
Updated:
2014-08-31 09:54:02
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Description:
Head, Face, Neck Muscles and their Origin, Insertion, Action, Nerve Supply
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  1. Sphincter Muscles
    Eye:
    Nose:
    Mouth:
    • Eye: Orbicularis Oculi
    • Nose: Nasalis
    • Mouth: Orbicularis Oris
  2. Occipitofrontalis
    • Orbital: Winking
    • Lacrimal: Tears
  3. Procerus
    Distaste, wrinkling of nose
  4. Nasalis
    Compressor Naris, Dilator Nasi
  5. Levator Palpebrae Superioris
    • Eye Opening: 80%
    • (20% from Muller's muscle)
  6. Orbicularis Oris
    Kissing
  7. Buccinator
    sucking, blowing, whistling
  8. Levator anguli oris
    "Surprise!"
  9. Corrugator Supercilii
    Frowning muscle
  10. Orbicularis Oculi
    sleeping/blinking/sneering
  11. Zygomaticus Major/Minor
    Smiling
  12. Levator Labii Superioris Alequae Nasi
    • Attachment on lips and nose
    • Protrudes/elevates lips
    • Dilates nose
  13. Risorious
    Grimace
  14. Depressor Anguli Oris
    Pouting, deep sadness
  15. Depressor Labii Inferioris
    Melancholy, irony
  16. Mentalis
    protrudes lower lip / pout / sulk
  17. Platysma
    Horror, "egad"
  18. Posterior Triangle of the Neck is bounded by:
    Anterior:
    Posterior:
    Inferior:
    • Anterior: Sternocleidomastoid
    • Posterior: Trapezius
    • Inferior: Clavicle
  19. Posterior Triangle of the Neck is divided into 2.
    • Occipital Triangle
    • Supraclavicular Triangle
  20. Occipital Triangle is bounded by:
    • Anterior: Sternocleidomastoid
    • Posterior: Trapezius
    • Inferior: Inferior belly of omohyoid
  21. Subclavicular Triangle is bounded by:
    • Anterior: Sternocleidomastoid
    • Inferior: Clavicle
    • Superior: Inferior belly of omohyoid
  22. What are the arteries, veins, and nerves that can be found in the posterior triangle of the neck?
    (ASSO) Arteries: Sublclavian artery (3rd part), Superficial Cervical artery, Suprascapular artery, Occipital artery 

    (VES) Veins: External Jugular Vein and their tributaries, Subclavian Vein (occasionally)

    (NBSB) Nerves: Brachial plexus, Spinal part of Accessory nerve, Branch of Cervical Plexus
  23. - Enters at the anteroposterior border of the posterior triangle and disappears in the midline of the clavicle
    - Together with the brachial plexus, supply axillary sheath
    - Do not have branches but the superficial cervical and suprascapular arteries may rise from it.
    Subclavian artery (3rd part)
  24. Branch of thyrocervical trunk
    Superficial cervical artery
  25. - branch of thyrocervical trunk that follows the suprascapular nerve to the suprascapinous fossa and participates in the arterial anastomosis around scapula
    Suprascapular Artery
  26. Part of external carotid artery
    Occipital Artery
  27. Important superficial vein in the neck
    External Jugular Vein
  28. Formed from the anterior rami of the 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th cervical nerves from the 1st thoracic nerve
    Brachial Plexus
  29. Brings about the movement of the soft palate, pharynx, larynx, and controls the movements of SCM and trapezius
    Spinal Part of the Accessory Nerve
  30. - Arise from the anterior rami of the first four cervical vertebra and supplies the skin and muscles of the head, neck, and shoulders
    Branches of Cervical Plexus
  31. Anterior Triangle of the Neck is bounded by:
    • Anterior: Midline of the neck
    • Inferior: Sterncocleidomastoid
    • Superior: Lower margin of the body of mandible
  32. Submental Triangle is bounded by:
    Anterior:
    Lateral:
    Inferior:
    Floor:
    Contains:
    • Anterior: Midline of the neck
    • Lateral: Anterior belly of Digastric
    • Inferior: Hyoid bone
    • Floor: Mylohyoid
    • Contains: Submental Lymph Nodes, Anterior Jugular Vein
  33. Digastric Triangle is bounded by:
    Anterior:
    Posterior:
    Above:
    Floor:
    Contains:
    • Anterior: Anterior belly of Digastric
    • Posterior: Posterior belly of Digastric
    • Above: Lower border of the body of mandible
    • Floor: Mylohyoid and Hyoglossus
    • Contains: 
    •     Anterior: Submandibular salivary gland
    •     Posterior: Carotid sheat, carotid arteries, internal jugular vein, vagus nerve
  34. Carotid Triangle is bounded by:
    Superior:
    Inferior:
    Posterior:
    Floor:
    Contains:
    • Superior: Posterior belly of Digastric
    • Inferior: Superior border of the Omohyoid
    • Posterior: Sternocleidomastoid
    • Floor: Parts of thyrohyoid, hyoglossus, middle and inferior constrictor muscles of the pharynx
    • Contains: Carotid Sheath
  35. Muscular Triangle is bounded by:
    Anterior:
    Superior:
    Inferior:
    Floor:
    • Anterior: Midline of the neck
    • Superior: Superior belly of omohyoid
    • Inferior: SCM
    • Floor: Sternohyoid, Sternothyroid

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