slow, voluntary movement (laughing, standing, sitting, walking)
Define: Reticular Formation (RF)
Network of neurons in the hindbrain, the midbrain, and part of the forebrain whose primary function is to alert and arouse the higher parts of the brain.
Define: Cerebral Cortex
The outer surface of the two cerebral hemispheres that regulates the most complex behavior.
What is the Frontal Lobe?
Part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for voluntary movement; it is also important for attention, goal-directed behavior, and appropriate emotional experiences.
What are Association Areas?
Areas of the cerebral cortex where incoming messages from the separate senses are combined into meaningful impressions and outgoing messages from the motor areas are integrated.
Define: Primary Motor Cortex
The section of the frontal lobe responsible for voluntary movement.
Define: Occipital Lobe
Part of the cerebral hemisphere that receives and interprets visual information.
Define: Parietal Lobe
Part of the cerebral cortex that receives sensory information from throughout the body.
Define: Temporal Lobe
Part of the cerebral hemisphere that helps regulate hearing, balance and equilibrium, and certain emotions and motivations.
Define: Somatic Nervous System
Part of the peripheral nervous system that carries messages from the senses to the central nervous system and between the central nervous system and the skeletal muscles.
Define: Autonomic Nervous System
Part of the peripheral nervous system that carries messages between the central nervous system and the internal organs.
Define: Parasympathetic Division
Branch of the autonomic nervous system that calms and relaxes the body.
Define: Sympathetic Division
Branch of the autonomic nervous system that prepares the body for quick action in emergency. Plays a huge part in "Fight or Flight"
What are Endocrine Glands for?
To release hormones in the blood stream.
What is the Pituitary Gland?
A pea-sized gland called the "master gland", which is on the underside of the brain, is connected to the hypothalamus. It regulates other glands.
Define: Thyroid Gland
Regulates the body's rate of metabolism (And growth), and to a degree, how people are alert and energetic. Located right under the larynx (the voice box)
What are the Adrenal Glands for?
The two glands above the kidneys affect the body's reaction to stress. Sympathetic nervous system, secretes many hormones including epinephrine and norepinephrine
Testes in males, ovaries in females. Secrete hormones Masculine (Androgens) and the Feminine (Estrogens). Androgen is predominate in males as Estrogen is in females.
Define: Pineal Gland
A small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. Center of brain – activity levels.
What does the Pancreas do?
It produces insulin and glucagons. It is located in the abdomen.