Chapter 1- Psych

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SalgadoJE12
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281757
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Chapter 1- Psych
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2014-09-08 21:54:27
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Chapter1 Psych
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Psychology
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Chapter 1
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  1. Psychology
    the study of the mind, perception, behavior, interpersonal relationships, motivation, emotions, attention and personality.
  2. Psychology questions
    Why, how come, what if
  3. Goals of psychology
    • 1. Describe
    • 2. Explain
    • 3. Predict 
    • 4. Control
  4. Four Big Ideas
    • 1. Critical thinking 
    • 2.Behavior is Bio-psychosocial
    • 3. Dual Process
    • 4. Explore human strength and challenges
  5. Critical Thinking
    • a. Alternative perspectives 
    • b. Columbo technique-- Acquire 
    • c. Cultural Relativism-- Majority decides
  6. Six influences in Behavior
    • 1. Biological
    • 2. Behavioral 
    • 3. Cognitive
    • 4. Psycho-dynamic
    • 5. Social- Cultural
    • 6. Christian
  7. Biological
    Looks, genes, predisposition to personality, behavior, IQ, + hormones
  8. Behavioral
    learned behaviors
  9. Cognitive
    • encode, process, store + retrieve info 
    • (how we think)
  10. Psycho-dynamic
    how behaviors spring from the unconscious and drives conflict.
  11. Social- cultural
    how behaviors + thinking vary across situation and cultures
  12. Christian
    how religion affects
  13. Dodo Bird Verdict
    referring to the claim that all psychotherapies regardless of their specific components +procedures, produce equivalent outcomes
  14. Dual process
    Refer to Sigmeud Frued Iceberg 

    • Consciousness 
    • Precociousness
    • Unconsciousness
  15. Earliest Thinkers
    • a. Hippocrates- 
    • b. Descartes- 
    • c. Locke
  16. Wilhelm Wund
    • - Leipzig, Germany
    • Established the 1st psychology lab (1879)

    • -Structuralism
    • -Introspection
  17. Structuralism
    basic elements/ structures of the mental process
  18. Introspection
    observing one's thoughts, feeling and sensation
  19. Margeret Flay Washburn
    • 1st women to receive PhD in psychology 
    • - Focus on animal behavior The Animal Mind
  20. William James
    • 1st american
    • -Functionalism 

    Taught Mary Whiton Calkins
  21. Functionalism
    focus on the functions/ purpose of mind and ability
  22. Mary Whiton Catkins
    • 1st women president of APA ('05)
    • Memory Research
  23. Sigmeud Freud
    • -Psychodynamic perspective 
    • -Talking Cure 
    • -Focus on unconsciousness; sexual desires rooted in childhood 
    • -Structure of personality
  24. Ivan Pavlov
    • physiologist 
    • 04 Nobel Prize
    • Digestion -->Ground break in learning 
    • Classical Condition
    • Fundamental
  25. B.F Skinner
    • '53 Behaviorism movement 
    • Rejected inner thoughts + feelings 
    • Consequences shape behavior
    • Operant
  26. John B. Watson
    • Behaviorism 
    • Little Albert --> white rat 
    • Criticize Freud + psychodynamic
  27. Karen Horney
    • Feminist psychology 
    • Neuroses + coping strategies 
    • ----->Personality disorders 
    • Womb envy
  28. Abraham Maslow
    • Motivation + personality 
    • Humanistic psych 
    • Hierarchy of needs
  29. Hierarchy of needs
    • 1- Physiological
    • 2- Safety 
    • 3- Belonging 
    • 4-Self Esteem
    • 5-Self actualization
  30. Martin E.P Seligman
    • Contemporary psych 
    • Positive psych
    • Measure, understand
  31. Locke
    "Tabula rasa" a young mind yet not affected by experience (Innocence)
  32. Hippocrates
    Ask questions about personality
  33. Descartes
    Mind-Body dualism
  34. DSM
    Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental disorders
  35. How to access
    • Intensity 
    • Duration 
    • Impact on ability to function (behavior)
    • Impact on quality to function (cognitive)
    • DSM criteria

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