The Family & Culture

Card Set Information

Author:
caveld
ID:
281781
Filename:
The Family & Culture
Updated:
2014-08-31 23:59:00
Tags:
Nursing
Folders:
Maternity
Description:
Chapter 2 (Maternity & Women's Health Care)
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  1. What percentage of multiple births in the United States are low birth weight (LBW)?
    58%
  2. What percentage of US infants are born preterm?
    12.3
  3. Preterm
    Before 38 weeks
  4. What is the infant mortality rate in the United States?
    6.77%
  5. FAMILY
    Fundamental social unit
  6. Responsibilty of the Family
    • *socialization of its members
    • *transmits cultural background
    • *core values
  7. What are the five categories of families?
    • 1) Married parents
    • 2) Married-Blended family
    • 3) Cohabitating parents
    • 4) Single-Parent family
    • 5) No-Parent family
  8. What are the two types of Nuclear Families?
    Married-parent families & Married-blended families
  9. What percentage of American families are considered to be married-parent families?
    64%
  10. Cohabitating-parent families are most common among which ethnic group?
    Hispanics
  11. Which type of family is most vulnerable economically & socially?
    Single-parent families
  12. Which type of model should a perinatal nurse choose?
    Health-promoting (especially for low risk families)
  13. What is the goal of the Health Belief Model?
    Reduce cultural and environmental barriers that interfere with access to health care.
  14. CULTURE
    guides how a person reacts to illness, pain, invasive procedures, emotional expressions
  15. SUBCULTURE
    smaller cultural group within each culture
  16. ACCULTURATION
    changes of one's cultural pattern to those of the hose society, but may revert to old patterns during times of stress.
  17. ASSIMILATION
    Becoming like the dominant culture
  18. ETHNOCENTRISM
    belief that one's own cultural way of doing things is the best.
  19. CULTURAL COMPETENCE
    • *personal insight into reality of disparity between one's own culture and that of client  *the ability to understand behaviors of clients from their own unique cultural backgrounds.
    • *the ability to take abstract knowledge about other cultures and apply it in practice.
    • *the ability to communicate respect for wide range of differences including nontraditional healing practices and alternative therapies
    • *recognition of the importance of culturally different communication styles, problem solving techniques, concepts of space and time, desires to be involved with care decisions.
    • *plan effective care anticipating varying degrees of language ability and literacy.
  20. What factors are responsible for the growing demand for home care?
    • *interest in family birthing alternatives
    • *shortened hospital stays
    • *new technologies that facilitate home-based assessment and treatment
    • *reimbursement by third-party payers

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