week 3 drugs

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Author:
kevinkuczma
ID:
281784
Filename:
week 3 drugs
Updated:
2014-09-01 01:10:28
Tags:
pam 202
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Description:
Pam 102
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  1. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Class
    Barbiturate
  2. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Action
    • Supresses Spread of seizure activity through the motor cortex
    • Central Nervous System Depressant
  3. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Indication
    • Major motor seizures
    • Status Epilepticus
    • Acute Anxiety
  4. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Contraindication
    Hypersensitivity to med
  5. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Precautions
    • Respiratory depression
    • Hypotension
    • Can cause hyperactivity in children
    • Extravasation may cause tissue necrosis
  6. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Side Effects
    • Drowsiness
    • Children may become hyperactive
  7. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Dosage
    100-250 mg
  8. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Routes
    • IV slowly
    • IM
  9. Phenobarbitol (Luminal)
    Ped Dosage
    10 mg/kg
  10. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Class
    Steroid
  11. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Action
    • Possibly Decreases cerebral edema
    • Anti Inflammatory
    • Suppresses immune response (especially in allergic reactions)
  12. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Indication
    • Anaphylaxis (after epinephrine and diphenhydramine)
    • Asthma
    • COPD
  13. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Contraindication
    None in emergency setting
  14. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Precautions
    • Should be protected from the heat
    • Onset of action may be 2-6 hours and thus should not be of use in the first critical first hour following an anaphylactic reaction
  15. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Side effects
    • GI Bleeding
    • Prolonged wound healing
  16. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Dosage
    4-24 mg
  17. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Routes
    • IV
    • IM
  18. Dexamethasone  (Decadron, Hexadrol)
    Ped dose
    0.2-0.5 mg /kg
  19. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Class
    Steroid
  20. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Action
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Suppresses immune response (especially in allergic and anaphylactic reaction
  21. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Indications
    • Severe Anaphylaxis
    • Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • Urticaria (hives)
  22. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Contraindications
    None in the emergency setting
  23. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Precautions
    • Must be reconstituted and used promptly
    • Onset of action may be 2-6 hours and thus should not be of use in the first critical first hour following an anaphylactic reaction
  24. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    side effects
    • GI bleed
    • prolonged wound healing 
    • suppression of natural steroids
  25. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    Dosage
    100-250 mg
  26. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    route
    • IV
    • IM
  27. Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)
    ped dose
    30 mg/kg

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