micro pharm

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micro pharm
2014-09-01 21:49:17
micro pharm
micro pharm
micro pharm
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  1. Drugs of choice for Staphyloccus aureus infections.
    • Nafcillin/ oxacillin (penicillinase-resistant penicillins)
    • Penicillinase resistant because bulky R group blocks access of beta-lactamase to beta-lactam ring.
  2. Treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus

    Inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan formation by binding D-ala D-ala portion of cell wall precursors.
  3. Treatment of Streptococcus pyogenes infections.
    • Beta-lactam drugs
    • Macrolides (in case of penicillin allergy)
  4. Treatment for Streptococcus agalactiae - neonatal septicemia and meningitis
    Ampicillin with aminoglycoside or cephalosporin
  5. Treatment of pneumonia caused by S.pneumoniae
  6. Treatment of meningitis caused by S.pneumoniae
    Ceftriaxone or cefotaxime
  7. Treatment of otitis media/ sinusitis in children caused by S.pneumoniae
    Amoxicillin, erythromycin for allergic individuals
  8. Treatment of endocarditis caused by Viridans Streptococci
    Penicillin G with aminoglycoside
  9. Treatment of tetanus - Clostridium tetani
    Hyperimmune human globulin (TIG) to neutralize toxin plys metronidazole or penicillin
  10. Treatment of infection with C.difficile
  11. Treatment of infection with Listeria monocytogenes.
  12. Treatment of infection with Nocardia
    Trimethoprim/ Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)
  13. Treatment of infection with Neisseria meningitidis
    • Neonates/ infants- Ampicillin and Cefotaxime
    • Older children/adults- Cefotaxime/ Ceftriaxone
  14. Treatment of infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Test for C.trachomatis or treat with a doxycycline
  15. Treatment of infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Ticarcillin, piperacillin (antipseudomonals) and an aminoglycoside
  16. Treatment of infection with Francisella tularensis
  17. Treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection
    Macrolide- erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin; no cephalosporins or penicillins
  18. Treatment of infection with Rickettsia Rickettsii
  19. Treatment for Chlamydia infection
    Doxycycline (tetracycline) or Azithromycin (macrolide)
  20. Treatment of infection with Borrelia burgdoferi
    Doxycycline, amoxicillin
  21. Treatment of congenital and late syphillis caused by Treponema pallidum
    Penicillin G
  22. Treatment of primary and secondary syphillis caused by Treponema pallidum
    Benzathine penicillin
  23. Treatment of infection with Bacteroides fragilis
    Metronidazole, clindamycin
  24. Treatment of Gardenella infection
    Metronidazole or clindamycin
  25. Treatment of H.influenzae  infection
    Cefotaxime or Ceftriaxone
  26. Treatment of Salmonella infections
    Fluroquinolones or third generation cephalosporins
  27. Drug used as a prophylaxis against M.tuberculosis
  28. Drug used as a prophylaxis against M.avium-intracellulare
  29. Treatment of M.tuberculosis
    • Rifampin
    • Isoniazid
    • Pyrazinamide
    • Ethambutol
  30. Treatment of M.avium-intracellulare
    Azithromycin, rifampin, ethambutol, streptomycin
  31. Treatment of M.leprae
    Tuberculoid form: Long-term treatment with dapsone and rifampin

    Lepromatous form: Add clofazimine
  32. Prophylaxis of endocarditis with surgical or dental procedures
  33. Prophylaxis of Gonorrhea
  34. Prophylaxis of history of recurrent UTIs
  35. Prophylaxis of meningococcal infection
    Ciprofloxacin (drug of choice), rifampin for children
  36. Prophylaxis of pregnant woman carrying group B strep
  37. Prevention of gonococcal or chlamydial conjunctivitis in newborn
    Erythromycin ointment
  38. Prevention of postsurgical infection due to S. aureus
  39. Prophylaxis of strep pharyngitis in child with prior rheumatic fever
    Oral penicillin
  40. Prophylaxis of Syphilis
    Benzathine penicillin G