Abeka World Geography Chapter 1 Review
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Abeka World Geography Chapter 1 Review
Chapter 1 review
The study of the earth
The shape and elevation of the land
Imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe and measure distances north or south of the equator
parallels of latitude
Imaginary lines that run north and south around the globe, come together at the poles, and measure distances east and west of the equator
Half of spheres, as in the Northern, Southern, Eastern, or Western
0 degree longitude; the starting point for measuring longitude that runs through Greenwich, England, and is used for designating time
corresponds closely to 180 degree longitude; the imaginary line, lying opposite the prime meridian, that zig-zags through the Pacific Ocean and is used for designating time.
international date line
Points where parallels and meridians intersect
The process which moves moisture from the oceans to the land and back to the oceans
Changes in the lower part of the earth's atmosphere in a localized area during a short period of time
Certain patterns of weather which occur over a long period of time in a particular region
The release of water from the atmosphere in the form of rain snow, or ice
Height above sea level
The process whereby plants absorb water through their roots and transpire this moisture through their leaves into the atmosphere
Seasonal winds which bring rain in summer and dry weather in winter
The way of life characteristic of a people
A systemantic study of a nation's population
The art of making maps
A scale mode of the earth that shows the actual shapes, sizes, and locations of landmasses and bodies of water
A flat representation of the earth or a portion of the earth
Numeral facts and figures compiled from data
Approximate, educated guesses based on observations
Pictorial illustrations of numerical data
charts and graphs
The landforms and bodies of water north of the equator
The landforms and bodies of water south of the equator
The landforms and bodies of water east of the prime meridian
The landforms and bodies of water west of the prime meridian
An early oceanographer who charted the ocean's currents and physical geography
A scientist who introduced a system of climatic classification
Name the seven continents
Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, Australia,
Name the four oceans
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic
Name the six climate types and their subdivisions.
polar (icecap, tundra)
continental (subpolar, humid continental)
mild (marine west coast, humid subtropics, mediterranean)
tropical (savanna, rain forest)
dry (desert, steppe)
STUDY p. 16 IN YOUR BOOK
List renewable resources
water, soil, air, trees, waterpower, geothermal energy, wind, solar energy
List nonrenewable resources
iron, bauxite ore, coal, oil, natural gas, uranium
Name four important influences on culture.
religion, language, government, and economic systems
What is the main difference between an agrarian economy and an industrial economy?
An agrarian economy derives most of its income from agriculture, while an industrial economy depends on the production of manufactured goods.
What are two tools geographers use to collect data?
direct observation and aerial photographs
Map projection that is most accurate at the equator and most distorted at the poles; conformal map; distorts distance and size
Map projection that is an equal area map; shows the correct size of landmasses in relation to other landmasses but distorts shape
The map projection where the lines of latitude and longitude almost intersect at right angles except near the edges; shows areas and distances with a high degree of accuracy
Map projection that shows true compass directions; longitude lines are straight and latitude lines are circles; difficult to show direction and distorts shape and size more toward the opposite pole
List four types of map symbols.
title, scale, directional indicator, legend (key)
Highland with broad, flat top and canyons cutting through it
At least 2,000 feet tall, with a peak and steep, sloping sides
Triangular-shaped landform where a river fans out into smaller streams before it reaches the ocean
500 to 2,000 feet tall, rounded top, usually no steep slopes
Narrow strip of land
Body surrounded by land
Landform completely surrounded by water
Large artifiical lake
Flat, rolling land with few changes in elevation
Pool of underground water
Extension of the main body of land with water on three sides
An extension of the ocean partly enclosed by land
sea or gulf
How much water covers the earth's surface?
The idea that the earth and mankind developed by "accident" and evolved toward a better state over billions and billions of years.
Large bodies of land surrounded or nearly surrounded by water.
The largest and deepest ocean
The deepest point on earth located beneath the Pacific in a place called Challenger Deep
The warmest ocean
The smallest and most shallow ocean.
Second largest ocean.
0 degree latitude; starting point for measuring latitude
23 degree and 27 minutes north latitude
Tropic of Cancer
23 degrees and 27 minutes south latitude
Tropic of Capricorn
66 degrees and 33 minutes north latitude
66 degrees and 33 minutes south latitude
World's largest freshwater lake
Climate zone that is warm all year and extends from the tropic of Cancer to the tropic of Capricorn and encompasses the equator.
Torrid (or Tropical) Zone
Climate zones that are cooler that the Torrid Zone, and have wide ranges of temperatures, and experience seasons.
The climate zone that contains the coldest climates on earth, with cool to subzero temperatures all year.
Frigid (or Polar) Zones
A warm current of water flowing northeasterly from the Gulf of Mexico to Europe, having a warming effect on Western Europe
the Gulf Stream
Great rotating storms or cyclones
Form of government ruled by God or through chosen representatives
A system of government headed by one ruler, such as a king or a queen.
A system of government in which the ruler, usually a military leader, acquires power by some means other than inheritance and rules with absolute authority.
A system of government in which the people rule directly by popular vote
A system of government in which the people rule through elected representatives
A system of republican government in which people and their representative assembly are guided by the rule of the law ( a constitution)
Economic system which allows individuals the freedom to follow their economic pursuits as they see fit
free enterprise capitalism
An economic system in which the government owns, or at least controls, a nation's resources and industries
Type of government ruled by one such as a monarchy or dictatorship
Type of government ruled by the people such a direct democracy, democratic republic, and constitutional republic