Assessment and Health Promotion

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Author:
caveld
ID:
281950
Filename:
Assessment and Health Promotion
Updated:
2014-09-02 22:03:58
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Maternity
Folders:
Maternity
Description:
Test #1
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  1. MONS PUBIS
    fatty pad, lies over symphisis pubis
  2. LABIA MAJORA
    rounded folds of fatty tissue, highly vascular
  3. LABIA MINORA
    • *connective tissue and smooth muscle
    • *extremely sensitive nerve ending
  4. PREPUCE
    • *labia fuse to form
    • *hoodlike covering of clitorus
  5. FOURCHETTE
    • *Thin tissue under vagina at midline
    • *Base of the perineal body
  6. PERINEUM
    • *area between fourchette and the anus
    • *base of the perineal body
  7. VAGINAL VESTIBULE
    • *tubular structure between bladder and rectum
    • *acidic secretions, protect against infections
  8. What are the two parts of the uterus?
    • *Corpus
    • *cervix
  9. FUNDUS
    Top part of the corpus
  10. ISTHMUS
    separates corpus from cervis
  11. What are the three smooth muscle layers of the uterus?
    • *endometrium
    • *myometrium
    • *peritoneum
  12. MYOMETRIUM
    layers of smooth muscle, assist in expelling fetus
  13. What are the two types of tissue that make up the cervix?
    connective & elastic tissue
  14. What are the four sections of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes)?
    • *interstitial
    • *isthmus
    • *ampulla
    • *infundibulum
  15. In what part of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes) is the ovum fertilized in?
    Ampulla
  16. What are the two functions of the ovaries?
    • *hormone production
    • *ovulation
  17. What are the three functions of the bony pelvis?
    • *protects the pelvic structures
    • *accommodates the growing fetus during pregnancy
    • *anchors the pelvic support structures
  18. What are the functions of the breasts?
    • *lactation
    • *sexual arousal in mature adult
  19. What stimulates the growth of breasts?
    Estrogen
  20. What causes maturation of mammary gland tissues?
    Progesterone
  21. Which two hormones increase 3-4 days before menstruation?
    Estrogen & Progesterone
  22. LOBULES
    clusters of acini in the breast.
  23. ACINUS
    • *saclike terminal part of a compound gland emptying through a narrow lumen or duct.
    • *lined with epithelial cells that secrete colostrum & milk
  24. When is it best to carry out a breast self-examination (BSE)?
    5-7 days after menstruation stops.
  25. MENARCHE
    first menstruation
  26. HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY CYCLE
    • *GnRH stimulates anterior pituitary to release FSH & LH
    • *FSH stimulates development of ovarian follicule and estrogen production.
    • *LH surges at day 12
    • *Ovum released 24-36 hrs later
    • *If no fertilization, regression of corpus luteum, and decline of estrogen and progesterone & menstruation occurs
  27. What are the four phases of the endometrial cycle?
    • *Menstrual
    • *Proliferative
    • *Secretory
    • *Ischemic
  28. On what days does the menstrual phase of the endometrial cycle occur?
    Day 1-5
  29. On what days does the proliferative phase of endometrial cycle occur?
    day 5-ovulation
  30. What occurs during the secretory phase of the endometrial cycle?
    ovulation until 3 days before menstruation
  31. What occurs during the ischemic phase of the endometrial cycle.
    blood supply blocked, functional layer separates from basal layer and bleeding occurs
  32. When does implantation occur?
    7-10 days after ovulation
  33. What causes basal body temperature to increase after ovulation?
    increasing progesterone levels
  34. How does mucus change during the endometrial cycle?
    thick prior and post ovulatory, stretchy egg white appearance at time of ovulation
  35. PROSTAGLANDINS (PGs)
    • *Affect smooth muscle contractility
    • *Produced in most organs of the body
    • *Also found in menstrual blood
  36. CLIMACTERIC
    • *transitional phase during which ovarian function and hormone production decline
    • *spans the years from onset of premenopausal ovarian decline to postmenopausal time with symptoms stop.
  37. PERIMENOPAUSE
    precedes menopause, often 4 years in length
  38. MENOPAUSE
    last menstrual period; dated with certainty only 1 year after menstruation ceases
  39. At what age does both males & females achieve physical maturity?
    17
  40. PRECONCEPTION COUNSELING
    avoiding pregnancy, manage risk factors, identify healthy behaviors
  41. When should a pregnant woman begin maternity care?
    First 12 weeks
  42. What percentage of US pregnancies are unplanned?
    50%
  43. What percentage of women do not use birth control?
    10%
  44. AMENORRHEA
    no menstrual cycle
  45. DYSMENORRHEA
    painful menstruation
  46. ENDOMETRIOSIS
    tissue sloughs
  47. MENORRHAGIA
    heavy menstrual bleeding
  48. METRORRHAGIA
    bleeding intermittent into abdomen.
  49. PERIMENOPAUSE
    • *irregular bleeding
    • *vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes)
    • *decreased fertility, but pregnancy CAN occur
  50. What is the #1 cause of death among non-pregnant women?
    Domestic Violence
  51. What are the six components that influence a person's recognition of need for care and response to the health care system?
    • *culture
    • *religion
    • *socioeconomic status
    • *personal circumstances
    • *uniqueness of the individual
    • *stage of development

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