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fatty pad, lies over symphisis pubis
rounded folds of fatty tissue, highly vascular
- *connective tissue and smooth muscle
- *extremely sensitive nerve ending
- *labia fuse to form
- *hoodlike covering of clitorus
- *Thin tissue under vagina at midline
- *Base of the perineal body
- *area between fourchette and the anus
- *base of the perineal body
- *tubular structure between bladder and rectum
- *acidic secretions, protect against infections
What are the two parts of the uterus?
Top part of the corpus
separates corpus from cervis
What are the three smooth muscle layers of the uterus?
layers of smooth muscle, assist in expelling fetus
What are the two types of tissue that make up the cervix?
connective & elastic tissue
What are the four sections of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes)?
In what part of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes) is the ovum fertilized in?
What are the two functions of the ovaries?
- *hormone production
What are the three functions of the bony pelvis?
- *protects the pelvic structures
- *accommodates the growing fetus during pregnancy
- *anchors the pelvic support structures
What are the functions of the breasts?
- *sexual arousal in mature adult
What stimulates the growth of breasts?
What causes maturation of mammary gland tissues?
Which two hormones increase 3-4 days before menstruation?
Estrogen & Progesterone
clusters of acini in the breast.
- *saclike terminal part of a compound gland emptying through a narrow lumen or duct.
- *lined with epithelial cells that secrete colostrum & milk
When is it best to carry out a breast self-examination (BSE)?
5-7 days after menstruation stops.
- *GnRH stimulates anterior pituitary to release FSH & LH
- *FSH stimulates development of ovarian follicule and estrogen production.
- *LH surges at day 12
- *Ovum released 24-36 hrs later
- *If no fertilization, regression of corpus luteum, and decline of estrogen and progesterone & menstruation occurs
What are the four phases of the endometrial cycle?
On what days does the menstrual phase of the endometrial cycle occur?
On what days does the proliferative phase of endometrial cycle occur?
What occurs during the secretory phase of the endometrial cycle?
ovulation until 3 days before menstruation
What occurs during the ischemic phase of the endometrial cycle.
blood supply blocked, functional layer separates from basal layer and bleeding occurs
When does implantation occur?
7-10 days after ovulation
What causes basal body temperature to increase after ovulation?
increasing progesterone levels
How does mucus change during the endometrial cycle?
thick prior and post ovulatory, stretchy egg white appearance at time of ovulation
- *Affect smooth muscle contractility
- *Produced in most organs of the body
- *Also found in menstrual blood
- *transitional phase during which ovarian function and hormone production decline
- *spans the years from onset of premenopausal ovarian decline to postmenopausal time with symptoms stop.
precedes menopause, often 4 years in length
last menstrual period; dated with certainty only 1 year after menstruation ceases
At what age does both males & females achieve physical maturity?
avoiding pregnancy, manage risk factors, identify healthy behaviors
When should a pregnant woman begin maternity care?
First 12 weeks
What percentage of US pregnancies are unplanned?
What percentage of women do not use birth control?
no menstrual cycle
heavy menstrual bleeding
bleeding intermittent into abdomen.
- *irregular bleeding
- *vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes)
- *decreased fertility, but pregnancy CAN occur
What is the #1 cause of death among non-pregnant women?
What are the six components that influence a person's recognition of need for care and response to the health care system?
- *socioeconomic status
- *personal circumstances
- *uniqueness of the individual
- *stage of development