Trends/Issues of Maternity Nursing

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  1. The total number of live births, regardless of age of mother, per 1,000 women of reproducing age
    Fertility Rate
  2. The number of live births per 1,000 people
  3. The has been a ______ in fertility and birthrates between 1910 to 2010
  4. The birthrates ____ for women age 15-29, but ___ for women ages 30-45
    decreased, increased
  5. Neonates born at less than 32 weeks of gestation are considered to be:
    Very Premature
  6. Neonates born between 32-33 weeks gestation are considered to be:
    Moderately premature
  7. Neonates born between 34-37 weeks gestation are considered to be:
    Late Premature
  8. low birth weight (LBW) baby is defined as a birth weight that is _____
    <2,500 grams but > 1,500 grams
  9. Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) baby is defined as a birth weight that is ____
    less than 1,500 grams
  10. The weight of ______ at birth is an important predictor of future morbidity and mortality rates
  11. Death before the babies first birthday is considered:
    Infant Mortality
  12. Infant mortality has significantly ______ since 1940
  13. The decrease of SIDS rates can be related to:
    parents placing their infant on their back to sleep versus their stomachs
  14. ____ is defined by the WHO as the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy
    Maternal Death
  15. Death resulting from complications during pregnancy, labor/birth, and/or postpartum and from interventions, omission of interventions, or incorrect treatment
    Direct Obstetric Death
  16. Death that is due to a preexisting disease or disease that develops during pregnancy that does not have direct obstetrical cause; but its likelihood is aggravated by the changes of pregnancy
    Indirect Obstetric Death
  17. Death that occurs more than 42 days after termination of pregnancy from a direct or indirect obstetrical cause
    Late Maternal Death
  18. Maternal death during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy regardless of the cause of death
    Pregnancy-related cause
  19. 99% of deaths occur in
    Developing Countries
  20. Primary causes of maternal deaths worldwide:
    • Severe Hemorrhage
    • Infections
    • Eclampsia
    • Obstructed Labor
    • Complication of Abortions
    • Anemia/HIV/AIDS/CAD
  21. Primary issues affecting the health of mothers and infants:
    • Birthrates for teens
    • Tobacco use during pregnancy
    • Substance Abuse
    • Obesity
    • Health Disparities
  22. Health issues for teen mothers:
    • STDs / HIV
    •      -Chlamydia (newborn eye infection risk)
    •      -Syphilis (neonatal blindness and                 increased risk for death)
    • Higher risk for HTN
  23. Health issues of neonates born to teen mothers:
    Greater risk of health problems that include prematurity and/or low birth weight
  24. _____ are less likely to seek early and continuous prenatal care
    Low-income women
  25. Obese pregnant women are at higher risk for:
    • Gestational HTN
    • Preeclampsia
    • Gestational diabetes
    • Thromboembalism
    • C-section
    • Wound infections
    • Shoulder dystocia related to macrosomia (bw > 4000 grams)
    • Sleep apnea
    • Anesthesia complications
  26. The Fetuses/Infants of obese pregnant women are at higher risk for:
    • Spina Bifida
    • Heart Defects
    • Anorectal Atresia
    • Hypospadias
  27. Examples of barriers to access health care are:
    limited finances, lack of transportation, difficulty with dominant language, and attitudes of the health care team
  28. Low birth weight and premature neonates are at a higher risk for:
    chronic respiratory diseases and abnormalities in neurological development
Card Set
Trends/Issues of Maternity Nursing
Chap 1
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