classifications of medications

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Author:
jackz_2213
ID:
28205
Filename:
classifications of medications
Updated:
2010-07-27 22:53:08
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MED CLASSIFICATIONS
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MED CLASSIFICATION
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  1. ANALGESIC
    • AN AGENT THA RELIEVES PAIN WITHOUT CAUSING UNCONSCIOUSNESS
    • - IT IS DIVIDED INTO 2 GROUPS; NARCOTICS AND NON-NARCOTICS
  2. ANTIARRHYTHMIC
    A MEDICATION THAT HELPS REGULE THE HEARTS RHYTHM

    - ACT ON THE HEARTS ELECTRICAL CONDUCTION SYSTEM TO REGULATE AND SLOW HEART RATE
  3. ANTIBIOTIC
    SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY A LIVING ORGANISM THAT CAN DESTROY OR WEAKEN OTHER ORGANISMS

    -ONE TYPE OF ANTI-EFFECTIVE. ITS A CHEMICAL COMPOUND USED SPECIFICALLY TO TREAT BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
  4. ANTICONVULSANT
    A MEDICATION THAT REDUCES, CONTROLS, OR STOPS SEIZURE ACTIVITY

    - CNS DEPRESSANT THAT HELPS PREVENT OR CONTROL VARIOUS TYPES OF SEIZURE ACTIVITY
  5. ANTIHYPERTENSIVES
    MEDICATIONS THAT REDUCE BLOOD PRESSURE ON AN ONGOING BASIS
  6. ANTINEOPLASTIC
    AN AGENT THAT INHIBITS THE GROWTH OF MALIGNANT CELLS
  7. ANTITUSSIVE
    AN AGENT THAT REDUCES COUGHING

    -THEY CAN BE NARCOTIC OR NON-NARCOTIC
  8. BACTERICIDAL
    A SUBSTANCE THAT KILLS BACTERIA
  9. BACTERIOSTATIC
    A SUBSTANCE THAT ARRESTS BACTERIAL GROWTH
  10. BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS
    CLASSICFICATION OF AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT IS EFFECTIVE AGAINST MANY DIFFERENT ORGANISMS
  11. BRONCHODILATOR
    A MEDICATION THAT CAUSES THE BRONCHIOLES TO EXAND (DILATE), THUS IMPROVING RESPIRATION
  12. CATECHOLAMINES
    NEUROTRANSMITTERS THAT INCREASE CARDIAC OUTPUT, CONSTRICT PERIPHERAL BLOOD VESSELS, INCREASE BLOOD PRESSURE, AND CAUSE BRONCHODILATION IN RESPONSE TO STRESS.

    -EX. EPINEPHRINE AND N0REPINEPHRINE
  13. CATHARTIC
    A MEDICATION THAT CAUSES BOWEL EVACUATION, LAXATIVE, PURGATIVE
  14. CROSS-SENSITIVITY
    THE CHARACTERISTIC OF A MEDICATION THAT REACTS SIMILARLY TO A RELATED DRUG; COMMON ADVERSE EFFECTS
  15. DEPRESSANT
    MEDICATION THAT SLOWS DOWN CERTAIN MENTAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES
  16. DIURETIC
    MEDICATION THAT INCREASES THE AMOUNT OF URINE EXCRETED BY THE KIDNEYS

    -THUS THEY DECREASE FLUID VOLUME CIRCULATING IN THE BODY, THEREBY LOWERING BLOOD PRESSURE
  17. EMETIC
    AN AGENT GIVEN TO INDUCE VOMITING
  18. EXPECTORANT
    MEDICATION THAT LIQUIFIES SECRETIONS IN THE BRONCHI, MAKING IT EASIER TO COUGH UP AND EXPEL MUCUS
  19. HYPNOTIC
    A DRUG OR AGENT THAT INDUCES SLEEP

    -USUALLY TAKEN AT BEDTIME
  20. INSULIN
    A HORMONE THAT IS VITAL IN CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM AND IS SECRETED BY THE ISLETS OF LANGERHANS OF THE PANCREAS
  21. NARROW SPECTRUM
    CLASSIFICATION OF ANTIBIOTICS THAT ARE SPECIFIC OR EFFECTIVE IN FIGHTING ONLY A FEW MICROORGANISMS
  22. NEPHROTOXICITY
    KIDNEY DAMAGE, WHICH CAN BE CAUSED BY AMINOGLYCOSIDES AND MANIFESTED BY BLOOD AND PROTEIN IN THE URINE
  23. OPIATE
    ANALGESIC DERIVED FROM THE SEEDS OF A CERTAIN SPECIES OF POPPY PLANT OR A SYNTHETIC DERIVATIVE WITH SIMILAR PAIN-BLOCKING EFFECTS

    -MOST COMMON MORPHINE AND CODINE
  24. OTOTOXICITY
    DAMAGE TO THE EIGTH CRANIAL NERVE WHICH CAN BE CAUSED BY AMINOGLYCOSIDES AND MANIFESTED BY DIZZINESS, TINNITIS, AND GRADUAL HEARING LOSS
  25. PHOTOSENSIITIVITY
    SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT
  26. SEDATIVE
    A REMEDY THAT HAS A QUIETING EFFECT, SOMETIMES ENABLING SLEEP
  27. SEPTICEMIA
    GENERALIZED INFECTION (SEPSIS) THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE BODY
  28. STEROID
    ADRENOCORTICAL HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE ADRENAL GLANDS OR A SYNTHETIC DERIVATIVE THAT MIMICS ITS ACTIONS

    -THEY HAVE IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE AND SALT RETAINING EFFECTS
  29. TOPICAL
    MEDICATIONS THAT ARE APPLIED DIRECTLY TO THE SKIN OR MUCOUS MEMBRANES

    -DESIGNED TO ACT ONLY ON THE LOCAL TISSUES WITH WHICH THEY COME INTO CONTACT
  30. TRANSDERMAL
    THROUGH THE SKIN, A SUBSTANCE ABSORBED INTO THE BODY AFTER BEING PLACED ON THE SKIN
  31. STIMULANT
    ANY AGENT THAT INCREASES ACTIVITY IN THE BODY OR ONE OF ITS PARTS -MENTAL OR PHYSICAL (STIMULUS)
  32. VASOCONSTRICTOR
    • MEDICATION THAT RAISES BLOOD PRESSURE BY CONSTRICTING OR NARROWING THE BLOOD VESSELS
    • -INCRESES THE HEART PUMPING ACTION AND ALSO RELIEVES NASAL CONGESTION
  33. VASODILATOR
    MEDICATION TAT LOWERS BLOOD PRESSURE BY CAUSING DILATION (ENLARGEMENT) OF BLOOD VESSELS, USED TO TREAT HYPERTENSION
  34. WIDE-SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTIC
    ANTIBIOTIC THAT IS EFFECTIVE AGAINST A LARGE NUMBER OF PATHOGENS

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