Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide.txt
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Definition of Psychoanalysis
Type of psychotherapy in which emphasized the role of unconscious conflicts in determining behavior and personality.
Who founded Psychoanalysis?
The study of observable behavior.
What kind of psychology John Watson studied?
Definition of Humanistic
School of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasizes each persons unique potential for psychological growth and self direction.
Who discovered Humanistic Psychology?
Eight major perspectives
- •The Positive Psychology Perspective
- •The Biological Perspective
- •The Humanistic Perspective
- •The Cognitive Perspective
- •The Behavioral Perspective
- •The Psychodynamic Perspective
- •The Evolutionary Perspective
- •The Cross-Cultural Perspective
Major points of The Positive Psychology Perspective
A field of psychological research and theory focusing on the study positive emotions, positive traits, and personal happiness.
Major Points of The Biological Perspective
It emphasizes studying the physical bases of human behavior including the nervous system, immune system, and genetics.
A perspective that focuses on the motivation of people to grow psychologically, the influence of interpersonal relationships.
The Humanistic Perspective
Perspective on thinking, language, and intelligence.
The Cognitive Perspective
The Behavioral Perspective
How behavior is acquired or modified by environmental cause.
A perspective that emphasize the importance of unconscious influences, early life experiences, and interpersonal relationsips
The Psychodynamic Perspective
The Evolutionary Perspective
A perspective that focuses on the adaption of species so they could survive.
The Cross-Cultural Perspective
How cultural factors influence patterns of behavior.
Emphasizes the needs and goals of the individual over the needs and goals of the group.
Emphasize the needs and goals of the group over the needs and goals of the individual.
4 Goals of Psychology
- •Control or Influence
Examines how strongly two variables are related to or associated with each other.
A fake substance, treatment, or procedure that has no known direct effects.
Types of neurons
- •Sensory Neurons
- •Motor Neurons
Communicating information from the environment to the central nervous system
Communicate information from the central nervous system to the muscles.
Communicate information from one neuron to another.
Automatic behaviors that are processed in the spinal cord.
subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that communicates sensory information to the central nervous system and carries motor messages from the central nervous system to the muscles
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that regulates involuntary functions.
Sympathetic nervous system
Branch of the autonomic nervous system that produces rapid physical arousal in response to perceive emergencies or threats.
Branch of the autonomic nervous system that maintains normal bodily functions and conserves the body's physical resources
Parasympathetic nervous system
Definition of functional plasticity
The brains ability to shift functions from damaged to undamaged brain areas.
The brains ability to change its physical structure in response to learning, active practice, or environmental influences.
What makes up the Limbic system?
- The Hippocampus
- The Thalamus
- The Hypothalamus
- The Amygdala
What does the hippocampus do?
It's involved in learning and forming new memories.
What does the thalamus do?
Involves regulating levels of awareness, attention,motivation, and emotional aspects of sensation.
What does the hypothalamus do?
Regulates behaviors such as eating, drinking, fear, and aggression.
What does the Amydala do?
Involves a variety emotional responses.
The notion that specific psychological or cognitive functions are processed primary on one side of the brain.
Lateralization of Functions
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light, sound, heat, or pressure.
The process of intergrating, organizing, and interpreting sensations.
The smallest possible strength of a stimulus that can be detected half the time.
The smallest possible difference between two stimuli that can be detected half the time; also called just noticeable difference.
The detection of stimuli that are below the threshold of conscious awareness; non conscious perception.
Gate-Control theory of pain
The theory that pain is a product of both physiological and physiological factors that cause spinal gates to open and relay patterns of intense stimulation to the brain, which perceives them as pain.
Example of Bottom-up processing
Trying to figure out a jigsaw puzzle piece by piece without knowing what the final picture would be.
Examples of a Gesalt
Us perceiving a picture as a whole than isolated pieces.
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