Chapter 4 - Theoretical Frameworks for Research
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A set of interrelated concepts that provides a systematic view of a phenomenon. Allows relationships to be proposed and predictions made, which in turn can suggest potential actions.
Image or symbolic representation of an abstract idea. The key identified element of a phenomenon that is necessary to understand it. Can be concrete or abstract. Can be easily identified quantified and measured where is an abstract version is more difficult to quantify or measure.
Much like a dictionary definition, conveying the general meaning of the concept. Goes beyond the general language meaning found in the dictionary by defining or explaining the concept as it is rooted in the theoretical literature.
Refers to a structure that provides guidance for research or practice. Identifies the key concepts and describe their relationships to each other and to the phenomena.
Serves as the foundation on which a study can be developed or as a map to aid in the design of the study.
Complex concept. Usually comprise more than one concept and are built or constructed to fit a purpose.
A graphic or symbolic representation of a phenomenon empirical and can be readily represented.
Specifies how the concept will be measured. Defines what instruments will be used to assess the presence of the concept and will be used to describe the amount of or degree to which the concept exists.
Sometimes referred to as nursing conceptual models and include the theories/models that were developed to describe the discipline of nursing as a whole. All inclusive conceptual structures that tend to include views on person, health, and environment to create a perspective of nursing.
Grand nursing theories
Contain a limited number of concepts and are focused on a limited aspect of reality. They are more easily tested through research and more readily used as frameworks for research studies.
Middle rang nursing theories
Sometimes referred to as micro range, practice, or prescriptive theories. More specific than middle-range theories and are composed of a limited number of concepts. They are narrow in scope, explain a small aspect of phenomena and processes of interest to nurses, and are usually limited to specific populations or field of practice.
Situation specific theories
It uses a process in which generalizations are developed from specific observations. A characteristic of theory generating research.
One in which hypotheses are derived from theory and tested, employing experimental research methods. A characteristic of theory testing research.
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