Neoplasm

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Author:
PTgroup
ID:
282217
Filename:
Neoplasm
Updated:
2014-09-06 04:46:12
Tags:
Neoplasm
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All about neoplasm :)
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  1. reversible change often preceeding malignancy
    DYSPLASIA
  2. benign neoplasm in the glandular epithelium
    ADENOMA
  3. spread to adjacent structures
    INVASION
  4. histopathologic evaluation of the lesion based on degree of cellular differentiation
    GRADING
  5. poorly differentiated cell with pleomorphism, hyperchromatism, increased nuclear cytoplasmic ratio, abnormal mitoses, and prominent nucleolus
    ANAPLASIA
  6. classifications of neoplasm
    BENIGN and MALIGNANT
  7. malignant neoplasm which is mesenchymal in origin
    SARCOMA
  8. True or False: Grading is exemplified by the TNM system
    FALSE, STAGING
  9. 'high grade' of cellular differentiation means
    POORLY DIFFERENTIATED
  10. spread to non-contiguous site
    METASTASIS
  11. malignant neoplasm which is 3 germ layer in origin
    TERATOMA
  12. usually well-differentiated and well-circumscribed
    BENIGN NEOPLASM
  13. refers to the clinical assessment of degree of localization or spread of tumor
    STAGING
  14. two stages of chemical carcinogenesis
    INITIATION and PROMOTION
  15. integrate into host genomes causing cancers
    DNA VIRUSES
  16. slow growth, no metastasis
    BENIGN
  17. transformation of cells to neoplastic cells
    CARCINOGENESIS
  18. uncontrolled, disorderly proliferation of cells resulting in a benign or malignant tumor of neoplasm
    NEOPLASM
  19. 5 endogenous and exogenous factors required in carcinogenesis
    CHEMICALS, PHYSICAL AGENTS, VIRUSES, ACTIVATION OF CANCER PROMOTING GENES, and INHIBITION OF CANCER SUPPRESSION GENES
  20. two defining characteristics of malignancy
    INVASION and METASTASIS
  21. benign neoplasm in the surface epithelium
    PAPILLOMA
  22. cause substitution of genomic sequences
    RETROVIRUSES
  23. TNM stands for
    TUMOR, LYMPH NODES, and DISTANT METS
  24. can be acquired after atomic blasts
    ACUTE AND CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA
  25. correlates better with prognosis
    STAGING

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