Anthro 101 (CH 1-2)
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name the four branches of anthropology
- physical (Biological )
what is bio-cultural approach
the scientific study of the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culture.
what is the father of anthropology?
How old was Darwin when he set sail to Galapagos island and how long was he there?
22, and there for 5weeks.
What are the six attributes that differ humans from other animals?
- bipedalism (walk on two feet)
- non-honing chewing (process food)
- complex material culture (tools to create enviroments)
- tool use
- dependence on domesticated foods
What is the earliest stone dated?
2.6 Million Years Ago (MYA)
What is yBP?
Years before present
What are 4 scientific methods to know what we know?
- identifying the problem based on some earlier observations
- stating the hypohesis
- collecting the data (observations)
- testing the hypothesis: rejection, acceptance, or modification
When was the earliest hominids to exist?
Who developed scientific method?
Sir Francis bacon
Who made the literal interpretation of the bible, prints a book called annals of the old testament, and says earth is static and the center of the universe?
Bishop James Ussher
Who was the first to challenge the notion as earth being the center of the universe?
Who saw the moons of Jupiter and was able to back Copernicuss theory?
Who determined earth surface changed and that the earth is very old and created uniformitarianism?
Who resurrected Uniformitarianism and created principles of geology?
Who studied tissue structure and determined fossils were once living?
Who is the father of comparative anatomy and vertebrate paleontology and catastrophism?
Baron Georges Cuvier
Who attempted to construct the best way to categorize organisms by paying close attention to detail and laid the foundation for taxonomy?
Who is the father of Taxonomy?
Who synthesized evolution?
Who is the father of genetics?
What are some of Darwin's theories?
- Evolution had occurred
- evolution changes gradually
- evolution was a process called natural selection
- Millions of species originated from a single original life form through branching process called speciation
When did Charles Darwin publish "on the orgin of species"?
November. 24, 1859
Who urged Darwin to publish before Wallace?
Who relied heavily on Franklin & gosling unpublished work and created the structure of DNA?
James Watson & Francis Crick
Who made x-ray defraction images of DNA and determined form of DNA?
Rosalind Franklin a& Raymond Gosling
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