Equine Test One

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Author:
hbreard
ID:
282344
Filename:
Equine Test One
Updated:
2014-09-17 15:34:03
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Equine
Folders:
Equine
Description:
Equine 8/25 - Present
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  1. Name 5 famous horses.
    • 1. Manowar
    • 2. Seabiscuit
    • 3. Citation
    • 4. Secretariat
    • 5. Roughion
  2. Horses that have won the Triple Crown.
    • 1. Citation
    • 2. War Admiral
    • 3. Whirlaway
    • 4. Assault
    • 5. Secretariat
    • 6. Seattle Slew
    • 7. Affirmed - Last TCW
  3. Manowar:
    • - After WWI
    • - 1917
    • - Competed in 21 races, only lost 1.
    • - Nicknamed "Big Red"
  4. Which famous horse was rumored to have been poisoned?
    Phar Lap
  5. What horse had a heart that weighed 22 pounds?
    Secretariat
  6. Who was the last horse to win the Triple Crown?
    Affirmed
  7. Which horse inspired the use of hydrotherapy?
    Roughion
  8. What 3 races make up the Triple Crown?
    • 1. Kentucky Derby
    • 2. Preakness
    • 3. Belmont Stakes
  9. Who are the 3 founding sires of the Thoroughbreds?
    • 1. Godolphin Arabian - Had a cat BFF
    • 2. Darley Arabian
    • 3. Byerly Turk
  10. What was the name of Alexander the Greats horse that died in battle?
    Bucephalus
  11. Name 4 Ancient Horses:
    • 1. Bucephalus
    • 2. Brown Beauty
    • 3. Traveller
    • 4. Commanche
  12. What was the name of the only surviving horse after the Battle of Little Bighorn?
    Commanche
  13. Name 5 horses of Literature:
    • 1. Black Beauty
    • 2. Warhorse
    • 3. Misty of Chincoteague
    • 4. Smoky - told from horses perspective
    • 5. Flicka
  14. Name 5 TV/Movie Horses:
    • 1. Trigger
    • 2. Banaza
    • 3. Fury
    • 4. Flicka
    • 5. Lone Ranger
  15. Name 3 Mythical Horses:
    • 1. Pegasus
    • 2. Trojan Horse
    • 3. Unicorn
  16. How many hours a day do horses spend eating?
    15
  17. What is the ancestor of the domestic horse?
    Zebra
  18. Where does the origin of the word "cocktail" originate from?
    From crossbreeding horses.
  19. What is the largest breed of horse?
    Shire
  20. What does "iron horse" refer to?
    A train.
  21. What act was passed in 1971 regarding horses?
    The Wild Horse Act 1971
  22. The offspring of a male Horse and female Donkey is called a ______?
    Hinney
  23. The offspring of a female Horse and male Donkey is called a ______?
    Mule
  24. The RVT will assist in the diagnosis/treatment of:
    • - Respiratory Diseases
    • - Digestive Diseases/Colic
    • - Lameness
    • - Reproductive Diseases
  25. Heard Health Work consists of:
    • - Vaccinations
    • - Deworming/pasture management
    • - Sanitation/Ventilation
    • - Neonatal care
    • - Nutrition
  26. Eohippus (Dawn Horse):
    • - 55 million years ago
    • - 10-20" tall
    • - 4 toes on front feet
    • - 3 toes on hind fet
    • - Teeth were simple crowns
    • - Browser not grazer, lived in the forest
  27. Mesohippus (Middle Horse):
    • - 35 million years ago
    • - 20 inches tall
    • - Each foot had 3 toes, middle toe was the largest
    • - Browser
    • - Teeth grew bigger
  28. Merychippus (Grass eater):
    • - 26 million years ago
    • - 40 inches tall
    • - Middle toes larger, ended in hoof and bore all the weight
    • - Time of mountain development, thinning of the forests
    • - Horse started grazing, teeth developed high crowns and good cementum for grinding course grasses
  29. Pliohippus (One-toed grazer):
    • - 2-3 million years ago.
    • - Taller - equivalent to horses today
    • - Side toes became bones on side of legs (Splint bones)
    • - Teeth changed to adapt to eating grass
    • - Eyes wider for better vision
  30. Equus (True horse):
    • - Middle toe has terminated into stout hoof.
    • - Teeth high crowned, will keep on growing through out horses life.
  31. There exists the domestic horse and 3 groups of undomesticated species, what are they?
    • - Zebra of Africa
    • - Wild ass of Africa and Asia
    • - Przhevalskis horse
  32. Horses became domesticated during the ______ Age.
    Bronze
  33. Domestic horses were introduced into _____ in 2000 BC and into _____ 300 years later.
    • - Babylonia
    • - Egypt
  34. The first domestic horses introduced into the Americas were brought by the ____________ in the 16th century.
    - Spanish conquistadores
  35. The ancestors to the first domesticated horses in Americas were the ______ breed in the western U.S.
    Mustang
  36. ________ is the father of horsemanship.
    Xenophon
  37. In the 6th century, _______ was introduced in the Middle East.
    Horseback riding.
  38. Built in 1174, ________was the first public racecourse built since Roman times and constructed in London.
    Smithfield Track
  39. The _________ Book was established in 1791. And the _______ began in 1873.
    • - British Stud
    • - American Stud
  40. In the year ____, the first track was built in North America on _______.
    • - 1665
    • - Long Island
  41. In 1894, the _________ was incorporated in NYC.
    Jockey Club.
  42. Name 3 breeds of horses that originated from Spain:
    • 1. Andulasian
    • 2. Peruvian Paso
    • 3. Paso Fino
  43. What horse breed was developed from the Thoroughbred, Morgan and Standardbred?
    American Saddlebred
  44. Name 4 horses that originated in America:
    • 1. Appaloosa
    • 2. American Quarter Horse
    • 3. American Saddlebred
    • 4. Tennessee Walking Horse
  45. The Tennessee Walking Horse is derived from what 4 horse breeds?
    • 1. Thoroughbred
    • 2. Standardbred
    • 3. Morgan
    • 4. American Saddlehorse
  46. Name 3 horses breeds that originated in England:
    • 1. Thoroughbred
    • 2. Shire
    • 3. Suffolk Punch
  47. What horse originated in France?
    Percheron
  48. What horse originated in Scotland?
    Clydesdale
  49. Name the 4 pony breeds:
    • 1. Hackney
    • 2. Pony of the Americas
    • 3. Shetland
    • 4. Welsh
  50. What horse breed is a cross between the Shetland and Appaloosa?
    Pony of the Americas
  51. Name five horses that can be bay colored:
    • 1. Shire
    • 2. Adulasian
    • 3. Tennessee Walking Horse
    • 4. Morgan Horse
    • 5. Standardbred
  52. Name five horses that are under 1300 #:
    • 1. American Mustang
    • 2. Arabian
    • 3. Thoroughbred
    • 4. Lippizzaner
    • 5. Paso Fino
  53. Name five horses that can be chestnut colored:
    • 1. Belgian
    • 2. Suffolk Punch
    • 3. Hackney
    • 4. Arabian
    • 5. American Quarter Horse
  54. Name five horses that can be white colored:
    • 1. Andulasian
    • 2. Tennessee Walking Horse
    • 3. Paso Fino
    • 4. Shetland
    • 5. Peruvian Paso
  55. Name five draft horses:
    • 1. Percheron
    • 2. Shire
    • 3. Belgian
    • 4. Shire
    • 5. Suffolk Punch
  56. Name five horses that can be black colored:
    • 1. Percheron
    • 2. Clydesdale
    • 3. Shire
    • 4. Thoroughbred
    • 5. Tennessee Walking Horse
  57. Name five horses that can be brown colored:
    • 1. American Saddlebred
    • 2. Arabian
    • 3. American Quarter Horse
    • 4. Clydesdale
    • 5. Thoroughbred
  58. Name five horses that can be grey colored:
    • 1. Percheron
    • 2. Andulasian
    • 3. Shire
    • 4. Paso Fino
    • 5. Peruvian Paso
  59. Name a horse that can be roan colored:
    Tennessee Walking Horse
  60. Name a horse that can be palomino colored:
    American Quarter Horse
  61. Name a horse that can be Appaloosa colored?
    Pony of the Americas
  62. Term for a female and male Donkey:
    • Female - Jenny
    • Male - Jack
  63. What is the most common color for horse breeds?
    Bay
  64. 4 color patterns associated with the Paint/Pinto color:
    • - Tobiano (white crosses over back;
    •                extend downwards)
    • - Overo (colored horse w/ white legs & belly
    •              extending upward)
    • - Piebald (horse with black coat color & 
    •                spots)
    • - Skewbald (horse with white & any other
    •                   coat color except black)
  65. What are the 3 requirements for a horse to be registered in the Appaloosa Registry?
    • 1. Must have striped hooves.
    • 2. Must have mottling of skin around muzzle
    •     eyes, genitalia.
    • 3. Must have unpigmented sclera
    •    (white around cornea of eye)
  66. What is leopard spotting pattern?
    White coat with large dark spots scattered over the body.
  67. What is blanket spotting pattern?
    Blanket of white hair crosses over the horses croup, loin, or back. This white usually contains dark spots.
  68. Snip:
    Marking on horses nose, usually found between the nostrils.
  69. Star:
    Found on forehead, can be any shape.
  70. Stripe:
    White line down the face.
  71. Blaze:
    White band down the horses face.
  72. White underlip:
    White on underlip.
  73. Bold, Bald, or Apron face:
    White from forehead to muzzle, extending around the eyes and often including the entire front of the face.
  74. Coronet:
    White around the coronary band.
  75. Pastern:
    White from hoof up to the pastern joint.
  76. Fetlock:
    White from hoof up to the fetlock joint.
  77. Half-Stocking:
    White starting at the hoof and going halfway between fetlock and carpus.
  78. 3/4 Stocking:
    White starting at the hoof and going 3/4 way between fetlock and carpus.
  79. Full Stocking:
    White all the way up to the carpus.
  80. Who was the doctor in the Equine Management movie?
    Dr. John Piplein
  81. When feeling preyed on, horses use this sort of response:
    Fight or flight
  82. Poll:
    Between horses ears.
  83. Leads should be ______ feet long.
    8-10 feet
  84. A horses blind spots are directly in _____ and _____.
    front and back.
  85. 3 important things to know when tying off a horse:
    • - Where you tie
    • - What you tie to
    • - How you tie
  86. Name 3 acceptable fencing types for horses:
    • 1. cable
    • 2. mesh wire
    • 3. wood
  87. Who is the author of your class assigned textbook?
    Deborah Reeder
  88. Name 4 equipment items used on horses:
    • 1. Halter
    • 2. Lead rope
    • 3. Lip chain
    • 4. Twitches
  89. Name 6 grooming utensils used on horses:
    • 1. Soft brush
    • 2. Body brush
    • 3. Shedding blades
    • 4. Curry comb
    • 5. Tail comb
    • 6. Hoof pick
  90. The dominant horse should always be _____ in line.
    Last
  91. 60% of injuries on a horse are what?
    Leg injuries
  92. When picking up a horses leg, you should be facing the ____.
    Rear
  93. How to understand a horses behavior:
    • - Treat as companion animals
    • - Handle as individual personalities
    • - Watch for eye, ear, nostril, tail and body movement
  94. A horses receptiveness to manipulation will depend on:
    • - Age
    • - Breed
    • - Sex
    • - Level of socialization and training
  95. How would you catch a horse in a stall, or pasture?
    • 1. Assess the temperament of horse before approaching.
    • 2. Be safe/cautious - Have escape route.
    • 3. Approach horse slowly, but with confidence while talking to it in a calm voice.
    • 4. When putting the horse back in stall/pasture: Turn horse around so that horse s facing stall/gate. Remove halter and exit.
  96. How to handle the horse after haltering:
    • 1. Begin working about the head first. Talk to horse in a calming manner while rubbing it's head.
    • 2. Avoid grabbing the halter, use the lead rope.
    • 3. Keep hand on horse at all times. This gives you something to push off of if you need to get away.
    • 4. Stay close to horse.
    • 5. Do not get directly behind, or in front of the horse.
  97. Equine Restraint Concepts:
    • 1. Safety is #1 priority!
    • 2. Use of humane technique
    • 3. Based on animals temperament, age, sex and physical condition, as well as procedure and equipment needed.
    • 4. Use as little restraint as possible.
  98. What is a lip chain?
    • A 30 inch chain and clasp affixed to the lead rope to have more control of the halter.
    • Can be used:
    • - Over the muzzle
    • - Under the chin
    • - As a lip chain
  99. How would the lip chain be used?
    A) Chain passed from lateral toward the midline through the left ring then dorsally under the noseband.

    B) Chain may be run through the mouth, out the right ring, then snapped to the ring below the ear.

    C) Chain can be placed through the left ring, behind the mandible, out the right ring and snapped at ring below base of ear.

    D) Chain may also be used over the upper gum to give MOST SEVERE control. (War Bridle)
  100. When using a halter, the holder and the operator should be on the ____ side of the horse.
    Same
  101. What is side line/scotch hobble restraint?
    • - Denies the animal use of one of its hind legs.
    • - The hoof is drawn cranially so that the toe is just off the ground.
    • - Thread the rope through the strap rings from medial to lateral and take two turns around the rope as you proceed back to the shoulder, then tie to the noose around the horses neck with a quick release knot.
  102. What is a front leg tie?
    • - Denies the horse the use of one its forelegs.
    • - Place the strap around the pastern with two turns and flex the limb so the long end of the strap can then encircle the forearm.
  103. 4 types of mechanical restraint of the body:
    • 1. Stocks (most common)
    • 2. Side Line / Scotch Hobble
    • 3. Breeding Hobbles
    • 4. Front Leg Tie
  104. What are two types of restraint by pain distraction?
    • 1. Twitches - pressure to upper lip, lower lip,
    •                    or ear.
    • 2. War Bridles - pressure over upper gum.
  105. How would you restrain a foal?
    Keep foal in sight of its mother and attempt to corner it in a stall. Hold the foal with an arm around the chest and raise the tail over its back.
  106. 3 medications used for chemical restraint:
    • 1. Xylazine
    • 2. Torbugesic
    • 3. Acepromazine Maleate
  107. Xylazine:
    • - Dose: 0.5 - 1.1 mg/kg IV or IM
    • - Nonnarcotic analgesic
    • - Dropped head, appears sedated
    • - Drug may cause transient heart irregularities
    • - Horse can still respond violently to stimuli
  108. Torbugesic (Butorphanol Tartrate)
    • - Dose: 0.05 - 0.2 mg/kg IV
    • - Opiate agonist
    • - Sedation, analgesia
    • - Cardiovascular/respiratory depression
  109. Acepromazine Maleate:
    • - 0.044 - 0.088 mg/kg IV or IM
    • - Neuroleptanalgesic
    • - Relaxation, slowed responses, drooping eyelids, protrusion of nictating membrane.
  110. What is the #1 digestive upset of horses?
    Colic
  111. What are signs of colic in the horse?
    • - Tree rubbing
    • - Rolling on the ground continuously.
  112. Teeth Growth:
    8 Days-
    8 Weeks-
    8 Months-
    8 Years-
    • 8 Days- I1
    • 8 Weeks- I2
    • 8 Months- I3
    • 8 Years- I4
  113. A horse has a full mouth at ___ years of age.
    5
  114. ____ are the flat areas on the surface of the tooth. They disappear with age.
    Cups
  115. What is the Galvaynes Groove?
    • - Line on tooth that starts from the gum line.
    • - Indicates age.
    • - Will disappear with age.
  116. Injection locations on the horse:
    • - Neck (#1)
    • - Croup/Rump (#2)
    • - Pectoral (#3)
    • - Hip
    • - Shoulder
  117. How would you insert a needle into a horse when vaccinating in the neck?
    Needle goes towards the head in the neck.

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