Minor Prophets Overview

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jakestuder68
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282417
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Minor Prophets Overview
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2014-09-13 13:46:08
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prophets
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major and minor prophet overview
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  1. List the Minor Prophets & how many chapters in each
    • Hosea, Zechariah (14)
    • Amos (9)
    • Micah (7)
    • Jonah, Malachi (4)
    • Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk and Zephaniah (3)
    • Haggai (2)
    • Obadiah (1)
  2. Why were they delegated as "minor" prophets.
    it does not indicate a lesser importance of these books,but simply refers to the relative length of the writings when compared to the books of the “major prophets.”
  3. What is it we have that allows us to place the minor prophets in somewhat of a chronological order?
    "Internal Evidence"
  4. List the Major Prophets & how many chapters are in each.
    • Isaiah (66 Chapters)
    • Jeremiah (52)
    • Ezekiel (48)
    • Daniel (12)
  5. List the approx. dates of the Pre-Exile Prophets of Israel
    • Jonah (790 BC)
    • Hosea (755-725 BC)
    • Amos (752 BC)
  6. List the approx. dates of the Pre-Exile Prophets of Judah
    • Obadiah (ca. 845 BC)
    • Joel (ca. 750 BC)
    • Isaiah (750-700 BC)
    • Micah (735-700 BC)
    • Nahum (626 BC)
    • Jeremiah (626-584 BC)
    • Zephaniah (625 BC)
    • Habakkuk (ca. 625-615 BC)
  7. List the prophets & approx. dates of the Exilic period.
    • Ezekiel (593-571 BC)
    • Daniel (606-534 BC)
  8. List the prophets & approx. dates of the POST-Exilic period.
    • Haggai (520 BC)
    • Zechariah (520-518 BC)
    • Malachi (ca. 440 BC)
  9. What city is Jonah told to call to repentance?
    Jonah is commanded to call Nineveh to repent of their sins. (Jonah 1:2) He did not want to go to Assyria, as this nation was the chief enemy of Israel. However, though Jonah tried to run away fromGod, God through the “fish” changes his mind and heart. (Jonah 2) However, the real message is not about Jonah running from God, but through God’s mercy, His purpose is to save people from all nations as the entire city of Nineveh eventually repents. (Jonah 3) Interestingly, Jonah is also cited in 2 Kings 14:25 as a prophet during the reign of King Jeroboam son of Jehoash.
  10. Hosea
    Hosea is commanded by God to take Gomer to be his wife, who in time leaves him to pursue “other lovers.” God commanded Hosea to then “buy” back his now prostitute wife to demonstrate Israel’s idolatry and God’s faithfulness.
  11. Amos
    Amos is “just a shepherd” who God calls to be a prophet. (Amos 7:14-15) Amos’ vision as it relatesto Christ is that God will reunite and rebuild the house of David (Amos 9:11-12). Interestingly, James quotes Amos making it very clear that – with the coming of Jesus and the inclusion of the Gentiles into the covenant promises of Israel – David’s house is being rebuilt in Christ. (Acts 15:16-21)
  12. Obadiah
    Obadiah prophesies against Edom (the descendants of Esau), who was a source of conflict for the Israelites. The Edomites rejoiced over the destruction of Israel by foreign invaders, but God rebukes them and assures them of their destruction, while promising Israel deliverance and peace.
  13. Joel
    In spite of impending judgment, God will restore His people and dwell with them. The primary way this message of hope is conveyed is with the promise of the Spirit (Joel 2:28-32), which Peter quotes in Acts 2:17-21 as the new covenant and the new nation of spiritual Israel are ushered in.
  14. Micah
    The book of Micah announces the coming “Deliverer” despite impending doom. Most notably the book highlights where the Messiah will come from (Bethlehem), which ties this future “kingly figure” with David and the covenant found in 2 Samuel 7:8-17. (Micah 5:1-5)
  15. Nahum
    Nahum is a prophet to the Assyrians. Much like Jonah, he is to call this “enemy nation” to repentance. Although the people of Nineveh repented under Jonah’s preaching, the people quickly reverted to their evil ways. Nahum calls them to repent and reminds them that God is sovereign over the nations – especially theirs.
  16. Zephaniah
    Despite impending exile, God promised to Israel that He would judge the nations and rescue Hispeople, because He loves them. In fact, when the remnant returns to Him, “He will rejoice over [them] with singing.” (Zephaniah 3:13-17) Hence the song, I Hear God Singing To Me.
  17. Habakkuk
    The awesome message of the prophet Habakkuk is that God will not allow evil to continue unchecked. God is pictured very powerfully as a “divine warrior” taking vengeance on evildoers. (Habakkuk 2:1-17) The promise of God to His people is that despite evil men prospering, God will exalt His people one day as He has in the past. (Habakkuk 3:1-7)
  18. Haggai
    Haggai’s message is clear: encourage the builders of God’s new temple, especially the leaders Zerubabbel and Joshua. Many of the older men and women of Judah had seen Solomon’s Temple (“baptized in gold”) and realized that this new temple seemed very insignificant in comparison to the previous temple. This is why they wept at the laying of its foundation. (Ezra 3:12-13) However, through the prophet Haggai, God encouraged the people that their work on this second temple was “a type” of a “greater temple” to come – Christianity.
  19. Zechariah
    Haggai was the old prophet – perhaps 90 years old – and Zechariah was thought to be the young prophet – Haggai’s “understudy.” As expected, Zechariah’s message (like Haggai’s) is about God’s protection and restoration of His people. The prophet Zechariah tells of a day when God will bring the office of king and priest together as one in a future individual who will build the temple of the Lord – Jesus. (Zechariah 3:8-10; 6:11-15)
  20. Malachi
    Like Haggai and Zechariah, Malachi preaches that the promises of God remain unfulfilled despite the Jews returning to their land. He speaks out against contemptible sacrifices, divorce and the lack of tithes and offerings. Malachi also predicts a “forerunner” who will come before the Lord’s visitation. (Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6) This forerunner is none other than John the Baptist who calls the children of Israel to repent in preparation for the coming Messiah. (Matthew 17:11-13)
  21. Who seems to be the first to designate the terms "major and minor prophets and in what century?
    It seems that Augustine was the first to designate the terms “major and minor prophets” in the fifth century AD.
  22. Why did Jonah not want to go to Assyria?
    This nation was the chief enemy of Israel.
  23. Through the fish, what did God change in Jonah?
    His mind and heart so that he did go to Assyria
  24. What is the real message of Jonah?
    Through God’s mercy, His purpose is to save people from all nations as the entire city of Nineveh eventually repents. (Jonah 3)
  25. Where is Jonah also cited in the scriptures as a prophet during the reign of King Jeroboam son of Jehoash?
    Jonah is also cited in 2 Kings 14:25 as a prophet during the reign of King Jeroboam son of Jehoash.
  26. What scripture is Jonah commanded to call Nineveh to repent of their sins?
    Jonah 1:2
  27. Who is Hosea commanded by God to take as his wife, who in time leaves him to pursue “other lovers.”
    Gomer
  28. What did God command Hosea to do to demonstrate Israel's idolatry and God's faithfulness?
    God commanded Hosea to then “buy” back his now prostitute wife to demonstrate Israel’s idolatry and God’s faithfulness.
  29. Who is “just a shepherd” who God calls to be a prophet and what is the scripture reference?
    Amos (Amos 7:14-15)
  30. What is Amos' vision as it relates to Christ and what is the scripture reference?
    Amos’ vision as it relates to Christ is that God will reunite and rebuild the house of David (Amos 9:11-12).
  31. James quotes which prophet in Acts 15:16-21?
    Amos
  32. By James quoting Amos, what does he make clear?
    with the coming of Jesus and the inclusion of the Gentiles into the covenant promises of Israel – David’s house is being rebuilt in Christ.
  33. In which scripture does James quote Amos?
    Acts 15:16-21
  34. Who does Obadiah prophesy against?
    Edom the descendants of Esau
  35. Edom was a source of conflict for who?
    The Israelites
  36. Why did the Edomites rejoice?
    The Edomites rejoiced over the destruction of Israel by foreign invaders
  37. What did God do to the Edomites for rejoicing over the destruction of Israel by foreign invaders?
    God rebukes them and assures them of their destruction, while promising Israel deliverance and peace.
  38. In Joel, how is the message that in spite of impending judgment, God will restore His people and dwell with them conveyed? 
    The primary way this message of hope is conveyed is with the promise of the Spirit (Joel 2:28-32)
  39. What scripture does Peter quote in Act 2:17-21 as the new covenant and the new nation of spiritual are ushered in?
    Joel 2:28-32
  40. In the book of Micah, what does it announce the coming of despite impending doom?
    The coming of the "Deliverer"
  41. Which book notes where the coming Messiah is going to come from in Bethlehem?
    Micah
  42. What is most notable about Micah?
    Most notably the book highlights where the Messiah will come from (Bethlehem), which ties this future “kingly figure” with David and the covenant found in 2 Samuel 7:8-17. (Micah 5:1-5)
  43. By Micah announcing that the coming Deliverer is going to be born in Bethlehem, what does that tie up in regards to King David?
    It ties this future “kingly figure” with David and the covenant found in 2 Samuel 7:8-17. (Micah 5:1-5)
  44. Who is Nahum a prophet to?
    The Assyrians
  45. What is Nahum called to do?
    he is to call this “enemy nation”  of the Assyrians to repentance
  46. Even though the Assyrians were quick to repent because of Jonah, did that repentance last?
    No, they were quick to revert back to their evil ways
  47. What does Nahum remind the Assyrians of?
    He reminds them that God is sovereign over the nations – especially theirs. 
  48. Despite impending exile, what does God promise to Israel? 
    That He would judge the nations and rescue His people, because He loves them.
  49. In Zephaniah, when the remnant returns to Him, what does He say He will do?
    “He will rejoice over [them] with singing.” (Zephaniah 3:13-17) Hence the song, I Hear God Singing To Me.
  50. From what book do we get the song, I hear God singing to me?
    Zephaniah
  51. What scripture is Jonah commanded to call
    Nineveh to repent of their sins?
    Jonah 1:2
  52. Who is Hosea commanded by God to take as his
    wife, who in time leaves him to pursue “other lovers.”
    Gomer
  53. What did God command Hosea to do to demonstrate Israel's idolatry and God's faithfulness?
    God commanded Hosea to then “buy” back his now prostitute wife to demonstrate Israel’s idolatry and God’sfaithfulness.
  54. What is the awesome message of the prophet Habakkuk?
    That God will not allow evil to continue unchecked.
  55. What is God pictured as very powerfully in Habakkuk 2:1-17?
    As a divine warrior taking vengeance on evildoers
  56. What scriptures from Habbakuk picture God very powerfully as a divine warrior taking vengeance on evildoers?
    Habakkuk 2:1-17
  57. In Habbakuk 3:1-7, what is the promise of God to his people?
    That despite evil men prospering, God will exalt His people one day as He has in the past.
  58. What scripture in Habakkukis the promise of God to His people that despite evil men prospering, God will exalt His people one day as He has in the past?
    Habakkuk 3:1-7
  59. What is the clear message of Haggain?
    To encourage the builders of God's new temple, especially the leaders Zerubabbel and Joshua.
  60. Why did people weep at the laying of the temples foundation in Ezra 3:12-13?
    Because many of the older men and women of Judah had seen Solomon's Temple ("baptized in gold") and realized this new temple seemed very insignificant in comparison.
  61. What did God encourage the people through Haggai?
    That the second temple, even though lesser in a worldly view of grandeur and spender than the first, was actually a temple of a type of greater temple to come -- Christianity.
  62. Who was thought to be Haggai's understudy?
    Zechariah
  63. What was Zechariah's message?
    Like Haggai's, it was about God's protection and restoration of His people.
  64. Zechariah was thought to be the young prophet to who and to perhaps how old was this older prophet?
    Haggai who was perhaps 90 years old
  65. What does Zechariah tell of a day of what?
    A day when God will bring the office of king and priest together as one in a future individual who will bold the temple of the Lord -- Jesus.
  66. Which scriptures from Zechariah are in relation to Zechariah telling of a day when God will bring the office of king and priest together as one in a future individual who will build the temple of the Lord - Jesus?
    Zechariah 3:8-10; 6:11-15
  67. Like Haggai and Zechariah, Malachi preaches what?
    The promises of God remain unfulfilled despite the Jews returning to their land and speaks out against contemptible sacrifices, divorce and the lack of tithes and offerings.
  68. What does Malachi speak out against?
    Contemptible sacrifices, divorce and the lack of tithes and offerings
  69. Who is the forerunner who will come before the Lord's visitation that Malachi predicts?
    John the Baptist who calls the children of Israel to repent in preparation for the coming Messiah.
  70. What are the scriptures in Malachi where Malachi predicts a forerunner who will come before the Lord's visitation?
    Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6
  71. What are the scriptures in Matthew where John the Baptist calls the children of Israel to repent in preparation for the coming Messiah?
    Matthew 17:11-13

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