Med Terms chapter 2 Part 3

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Med Terms chapter 2 Part 3
2014-09-08 16:25:26
vocab med terms

Medical Terminology fall 2014
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  1. chondr/i
  2. epi-
  3. lumb
    lower back
  4. -ar
    pertaining to
  5. The part of the back between the ribs and the pelvis.
  6. ili
    hip bone
  7. A multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity.
  8. A thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space or organ.
  9. The outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the interior of the abdominal wall.
    parietal peritoneum
  10. parietal
    cavity wall
  11. A fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall.
  12. The inner layer of the peritoneum that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity.
    visceral peritoneum
  13. Visceral
    relating to the internal organs
  14. Located behind the peritoneum
  15. retro-
  16. periton
  17. -eal
    pertaining to
  18. Inflammation of the peritoneum
  19. The basic structural and functional units of the body.
  20. The study of the anatomy physiology pathology and chemistry of the cell.
  21. cyt
  22. The tissue that surrounds and protects the contents of the cell by separating them from its external environment.
    cell membrane
  23. The material within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus.
  24. cyt/o
  25. -plasm
    formative material of cells
  26. Surrounded by the nuclear membrane, it controls the activities of the cell and helps the cell divide.
  27. Unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division.
    stem cells
  28. Undifferentiated cells found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ. Primary role is to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found.
    adult stem cells or somatic stem cells
  29. hemopoietic
    blood forming
  30. graft-versus-host disease
    rejection of hemopietic tissue
  31. Undifferentiated cells that are unlike any specific adult cell. Have the ability to form any adult cell. The come from the cord blood found in the umbilical cord and placenta of a newborn infant. or from test tube fertilization (in vitro)
    embryonic stem cells
  32. gene
  33. the study of how genes are transferred from parents to children and the role of genes in health and disease.

    gene=producing and -tics= pertaining to
  34. The complete set of genetic information of an organism.
  35. Any cell in the body except the gametes.
    somatic cell
  36. pertaining to the body
  37. sex cell
  38. DNA
    deoxyribonucleic acid
  39. A change of the sequence of a DNA molecule.
    genetic mutation
  40. A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.
    genetic disorder or hereditary disorder
  41. Cystic fibrosis (CF)
    A genetic disorder that is present at birth and affects both the respiratory and digestive systems.
  42. Down syndrome (DS)
    A genetic variation that is associated with a characteristic facial appearance, learning disabilities and physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease.
  43. Hemophilia
    a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood clotting factor is missing. Characterized by spontaneous hemorrhages or severe bleeding after an injury.
  44. Huntington's disease (HD)
    a genetic disorder that is passed from parent to child. causes nerve degeneration with symptoms that often appear in midlife. damage usually results in uncontrolled movements and loss of mental abilities.
  45. degeneration
    worsening condition
  46. Muscular Dystrophy
    a group of genetic diseases that are characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement.
  47. Phenylketonuria (PKU)
    genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxsylase is missing. Can be detected by a blood test performed at birth. without early detection and treatment causes severe mental retardation.
  48. Tay-Sachs disease
    a fatal genetic disorder in which harmful quanitites of a fatty substance buildup in tissues and nerve cells in the brain. both parents must carry the mutated gene to have an affected child. child seems normal for first few months of life then development slows then deterioration of mental and physical abilities results in blindness paralysis and death.
  49. tissue
    a group or layer of similarly specialized cells that join together to perform certain specific functions.
  50. histology
    the study of the structure composition and function of tissues

    hist =tissue -ology=study of
  51. histologist
    a specialist in the study of the organization of tissues at all levels.
  52. what are the four main types of tissues?
    • epithelial tissues
    • connective tissues
    • muscle tissue
    • nerve tissue