Antibiotics including erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracycline, and ____ all work by blocking protein synthesis at a 70s ribosome.
Endospore forming Clostridium _____ produces a neurotoxin hat causes tetanus.
°° referring to the arrangement and shaper of these bacteria cells, the term would be ____.
Chemiosmosis is the process of making most of the ___ in a cell; in prokaryotes it occurs across the cell membrane
____ are "extra" loops of DNA in a bacterial cell that often contain genes for antibiotic resistance and/or mating factor information.
Bacterial DNA is termed "____" because it is not complexed with histone proteins.
_____ proteins form passageways through the outer membrane of a Gram-negative cell wall.
Eukaryotic ribosomes are ___s while prokaryotic ribosomes are 70s.
Corkscrew-shaped bacteria are called ___.
Endospore-forming Clostridium _____ produces a neurotoxin that causes botulism.
Faclitated diffusion refers to the movement of substances such as sugars and amino acids through perm ease protein ____ (called channels) of a cell membrane.
Gram positive bacteria are ____ (violet) after the 4 steps of Gram staining.
°°°° Referring to the arrangement and shape of hess bacterial cells, the term would be ______.
A plasmid is an "extra" loop of DNA in a bacterial cell that often contains genes for antibiotic resistance and ____ factor information.
____ is the term that describes a bacterial cell with a single flagellum.
_____ is a purposeful movement in response to oxygen concentrations.
The small submit of a eukaryotic ribosome is ____s in size.
____ is the process of making most of the ATP in a cell; in prokaryotes it occurs across the cell membrane.
Prokaryotic ribosomes are ___s while eukaryotic ribosomes are 80s.
A phospholipid molecule is described as ___ because it is polar on one end and non polar on the other end.
The term ____ refers to the production of a protective endospore in certain bacillus bacteria whenever environment conditions become harsh.
The presence of a capsule outside the cell wall usually indicates the bacterium is a _____ (disease-causing).
The ____ space lies between the cell membrane and the peptidoglycan layers of a Gram-positive cell wall; In Gram-negatice cell walls, it lies between the cell membrane and the outer membrane of the cell wall.
The ___ is the curved portion of the bacterial flagellum which apis around when the base plate turns.
Passive movements (such as osmosis, simple diffusion, and facilitated diffusion) across cell membranes occur _____ a concentration gradient, and therefore do not require energy.
Antibiotics including erythromycin, _____, tetracycline and chloramphenicol all work by blocking protein synthesis at a 70s ribosome.
The peptide part of peptidoglycan consists of short chains of ___ ___ that hold the carbohydrate stands together.
The term ____ refers to nonmotile bacteria lacking flagella.
An ____ is a "survival structure" that certain bacillus bacteria make in response to a harsh environment.
Gram negative bacteria are hot reddish-_____ after the 4 steps of Gram staining.
____ is the term that describes a bacterial cell with numerous flagella all over its surface.
Some bacterial pili are used for attaching to slick surfaces while others may be used during ____ transfer DNA from one cell to another.
The small subunit of the prokaryotic ribosome is _____s in size.
A plasmid is an "extra loop of DNA in a bacterial cell that often contains genes for ____ resistance and/or mating factor information.
The ____ part of peptidoglycan consists of short chains of amino acids that hold the carbohydrate stands together.
Motile bacteria swim with one or more structures called _____.
The movement of substances from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration is called simple _____.
The middle region of the phospholipid bi-layer of a cell membrane is ____ (hydrophobic/hydrophilic).
A ___ is a thick, polysaccharide layer outside there cell wall of some bacteria, making them harder to be phagocytized.
A corkscrew-shaped bacterial cell is called _____.
A spherical-shaped bacterial cell is called ____.
The plural of coccus is ____.
Cell membranes are described as ____-____ because certain substances can go in or out, but others cannot.
The cell ____ of all cells is a semi-permeable phospholipid bi-layer containing proteins and glycoproteins.
Endospores are destroyed by ____, where they are held at 121° C and 15-20 psi for 15-20 minutes.
The term ____ describes a bacterial cell with a group or cluster of flagella at one end.
A cell wall protects a cell from ____ in distilled water.
Most bacteria have a ____ _____ made of peptidoglycan outside of their cell membrane.
In a phospholipid molecule, the two ____ fatty acids form the hydrophobic end.
A ___ is a purposeful movement in response to light.
A ____ is a purposeful movement in response to chemical such as food.
A eukaryotic flagellum contains bundles of ___ that cause a lashing back and forth motion.
The term that describes a bacterial cell with one or more flagella at both ends is ____.
The ____ _____ is the innermost living boundary of all cells.
____ are protein projections of bacterial cell membranes used for attachment to slippery surfaces and for mating.
The phrase "___-__-___" describes the trial and error swimming pattern of flagellated bacteria.
Run and Tumble
While ours occur in linear pairs, the single prokaryotic ____ is described as a loop of "naked" DNA, lacking histone proteins.
The sodium- _____ pump of nerve cell and muscle cell membranes is an excellent example of active transport.
The hook is the curved portion of the bacterial flagellum which spins around when the ____ ____ turns.
Gram ____ (negative/positive) bacteria are purple-violet after Gram staining
_____ diffusion revers to the movement of substances such as sugars and amino acids through perm ease protein passageways (called channels) of a cell membrane.
The ____ ends of phospholipid molecules are hydrophilic.
Passive movements (such as osmosis, simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion) across cell membranes occur down a ______ gradient, and therefore do not require energy.
____ is the plural of bacillus
Almost all bacteria have a cell wall made of ____.
_______ movements (such as osmosis, simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion) across cell membranes occur down a concentration gradient, and therefore do not require energy.
The large subunit of a prokaryotic ribosome is __s in size.
Referring to the arrangement and shape of these bacteria cells, the term would be ____.
_____ _____ molecules anchor the peptidoglycan wall layer onto the cell membrane of Gram-positive bacteria.
The ____ part of the peptidoglycan wall is composed of strands of two alternating modified glucoses or 'amino sugars' known as NAG and NAM.
_____ of bacteria with a capsule is much more difficult for white blood cells.
Bacteria of genus ____ lack a cell wall and are the most common cause of "walking pneumonia".
A rod-shaped bacterial cell is termed ____.
____ refers to a purposeful movement in response to Earth's magnetic fields.
The glycan part of the peptidoglycan wall is composed of strands of two alternating modified glucoses or '____ _____' known as NAG and NAM.
A lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the outer membrane of Gram ___ (negative/positive) bacteria can become a endotoxin when release in the host.
_____ staining distinguishes bacteria based upon differences in their cell walls into tow groups: positive and negative.
Endospore-forming Bacillus ____ produces a toxin that causes anthrax
A cell membrane is described as a ____ bi-layer containing proteins and glycoproteins.
Lipoteichoic acid and teichoic acid molecules help to connect and stabilize the ____ ____ cell wall.
Cocci in cuboidal packets of four or eight are called _____ cocci.
_____ ____ molecules stabilize the layers of peptidoglycan in Gram-positive cell walls.
Antibiotics including ________, streptomycin, tetracycline, and choramphenicol all work by blocking protein synthesis at a 70s ribosome.
A ____ is an organelle described as 70s in a prokaryotic cell and 80s in a eukaryotic cell.
Genus Mycoplasma includes bacteria that lack a cell wall and that are the most common cause of "______ pneumonia"
A protein attachment "spike" arising from the bacterial cell membrane and projecting out through the cell wall (and capsule, if one is present) is a ______.
The _____-potassium pump of nerve cell and muscle cell membranes is an excellent example of active transport.
Bacterial DNA is termed "naked" because it is not completed with ____ proteins.
The term ____ refers to a grape-like cluster of spherical bacterial cells.
There term ____ refers to a long chain of rod-shaped bacterial cells.
Protein passageway through a membrane that allow facilitated diffusion are called _____ or channels.
In a phospholipid molecule, two nonpolar ____ ____ form the hydrophobic end.
Movement of substances across a cell membrane, up a concentration gradient requires _____ and is called active transport.
Active transport is accomplished by a membrane protein passageway called a _____.
A taxis is a purposeful response to a ____ in the environment.
Movement of substances across a cell membrane, up a concentration gradient requires energy and is called ____ ____.
The negatively charged phosphate groups are found along the inner and outer surfaces of the phospholipid bi-layer of a cell membrane because they are _______ (hydrophobic/hydrophilic)
The prokaryotic flagellum consists of a base plate, a hook, and a long protein _____.
A cell membrane can be described as a phospholipid ___ - ____.
_____ refers to the diffusion of water through a membrane.
The larg subunit of a eukaryotic ribosome is __s in size.
A ______ (LPS) of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria can become a endotoxin when released in the host.
Parallel stacks of bacilli care descried as a ____ arrangement.
The negatively charged ____ _____ of a phospholipid molecules is the polar end.
Prokaryotic cell membranes do not contain the steroid ____, but eukaryotic membranes do.
Pili are projections that aid in ____ to slippery surfaces and in mating.
____ ____ cell walls consist of a thin layer of peptidoglycan surrounded by an outer membrane.
One way the bacterial chromosome is different from ours is that their DNA forms a circular ____.
Endospores are "_____" structures made by some bacillus bacteria when conditions become harsh.
Osmosis refers to the diffusion of ____ across a membrane.
A protein on the outer surface of a cell membrane that receives chemical signal is called a ____ site.
A ____ is a purposeful movement in response to an environmental stimulus.
Gram ____ (negative/positive) bacteria have a thick cell wall with many peptidoglycan layers.
____ is a rod-shaped bacterium.
Human cells placed in physiological _____ solution remain healthy because there is no net osmosis in out out.
Example of ____ diffusion are movements of 02 and C02 into or out of a cell right through the phospholipid bi-layer.
Cell arrangement joined int twos are called ____.
Cell arrangement in a chin or strand are called ____.
Cell arrangement in an irregular grape like cluster of cocci are called ____.
Cell arrangement in regular cuboidal packets of 4-8 cocci scatted are called ____.
Cell arrangement in parallel stacks of bacilli are called ____. (like a log going down a river)