Biology test 1 Review

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Author:
christinamccartney08
ID:
282518
Filename:
Biology test 1 Review
Updated:
2014-09-09 14:37:15
Tags:
atoms
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Biology
Description:
Biology test 1
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  1. Small unit of an element
    Atom
  2. Protons
    Positive +
  3. Electrons
    negative -
  4. center of an atom
    nucleus
  5. outer part of an atom
    Electron shell
  6. neutrons
    neutral
  7. What is the atomic number
    number of protons
  8. What is an Atom with a charge?
    Atomic number
  9. loses or gains an electron
    Charge
  10. a given element have the same number of protons in each atom, they differ in neutron number.
    Isotopes
  11. What is a bond between Ions, a bond between a negative and positive charge
    Ionic Bond
  12. electrons between Atoms share
    Covalent Bonds
  13. radioactive dye markers
    Isotope covalent Bond
  14. electrons are shared unequally
    Polar covalent bond
  15. give water the property of life
    hydrogen bond
  16. water binds to other stuff
    cohesion and adhesion
  17. Is water a polar covalent bond?
    true
  18. Does water have a pacific heat?
    true
  19. What is the structure of water dependable on?
    Hydrogen bonds forms
  20. at what temperature is water dense?
    4 degrees celcius
  21. contains carbon and at least on hydrogen
    organic
  22. only carbon and hydrogen
    hydrocarbon
  23. Carbon Dioxide CO2
  24. Ethane C2H6
  25. Ethanol C2H6O
  26. Methane CH4
  27. Oxygen O2
  28. water H2o
  29. What does the tail of fatty acid say
    tell if organic and tells if hydrogen carbons
  30. Simple sugar, monosaccharide,
    Carbohydrates
  31. Is the only one that contains 6 carbonhydrates
    glucose
  32. ready to use
    chain
  33. storage
    ring
  34. complex sugars
    polysaccharide
  35. how many polysaccharides are there?
    4
  36. complex carbohydrates with no structure
    starch
  37. made from a plant and is very easy to break down; designed to be used.
    Starch
  38. structural of a plant that is not easily broken down
    cellulose
  39. an animal polysaccharide made to be easily broken down
    glucogen
  40. is an important component of the exoskeleton
    chitin
  41. does the fatty acid tail repel water
    true
  42. pull something out of 2 and condense into one, water is left over
    condensation reaction
  43. used to cut polysaccharide to pieces and add water to hydrate
    hydrolysis reaction
  44. animal fat (3 fatty acid tails) can have a combination
    triacylglycerol
  45. straight and no double bond
    saturated fat
  46. curve, kink on tail to digest poly saturated and unsaturated fats
    unsaturated fats
  47. double bond
    unsaturated
  48. no double bond
    saturated
  49. consists of a hydrophobic tail, made up of two fatty acids. the third is phosphate group small and nonpolar
    phospholipid
  50. Does protein start with a primary structure
    true
  51. long chain of amino acid
    Protein
  52. hundreds of different proteins and is the building block of cell basic component
    basic cell
  53. determines the shape, shape determines the function.
    primary structure
  54. Does one amino acid change the function of a protein
    true
  55. how many functions in amino acids
    21
  56. if you are gluing two amino acids together
    peptide bond
  57. secret family recipe, double stranded and a single copy
    DNA
  58. a single strand and short copy of the original
    RNA
  59. 4 found in DNA and a different combination of RNA
    Nucleotide

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