Oxytocin(Pitocin)

Card Set Information

Author:
quaydud3
ID:
28255
Filename:
Oxytocin(Pitocin)
Updated:
2010-07-28 10:39:07
Tags:
Paramedic Drugs
Folders:

Description:
Oxytocin
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  1. Class
    Hormone
  2. Mechanism of Action
    Increases uterine contractions.
  3. Indications
    Postpartum hemorrhage after infant and placental delivery.
  4. Contraindications
    Presence of second fetus, unfavorable fetal position, hypersensitivity.
  5. Adverse reactions
    Hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, arrhythmias, angina pectoris; anxiety, seizures, nausea, vomiting, uterine rupture; anaphylaxis.
  6. Drug interactions
    Other vasopressors may potentiate hypertension.
  7. How supplied
    10 USP units/1-mL ampule (10 U/mL) and prefilled syringe. 5 USP units/1-mL ampule (5 U/mL) and prefilled syringe.
  8. Dosage and Administration
    IM administration: 3-10 units after delivery of placenta. IV administration: Mix 10-40 units in 1,000 mL of a nonhydrating diluent: Infused at 20-40 milliunits/min, titrated to severity of bleeding and uterine response.
  9. Duration of Action
    • Onset: IM: 3-5 minutes; IV: immediate.
    • Peak: variable.
    • Duration: IM; 30-60 minutes; IV: 20 minutes after infusion discontinued.
  10. Special considerations
    • Pregnancy safety: not applicable.
    • Monitor vital signs, including fetal heart rate and uterine tone closely.

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