SOCY 151- Chapter 1

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SOCY 151- Chapter 1
2014-09-18 20:38:44
SOCY 151
SOCY 151
SOCY 151- Chapter 1
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  1. The systematic study of human society
  2. Sociology's the special point of view that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people
    Sociological Perspective
  3. The study of the larger world and our society's place in it
    Global Perspective
  4. The nations with the highest overall standards of living
    High-Income Countries
  5. Nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
    Middle-Income Countries
  6. Nations with a low standard of living, in which most people are poor
    Low-Income Countries
  7. A scientific approach to knowledge based on "positive" facts as opposed to mere speculation
  8. A statement of how and why specific facts are related
  9. A basic image of society that guides thinking and research
    Theoretical Research
  10. A framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
    Structural-Functional Approach
  11. Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
    Social Structure
  12. The consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole
    Social Function
  13. The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
    Manifest Functions
  14. The unrecognized and untended consequences of any social pattern
    Latent Functions
  15. Any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society
    Social Dysfunction
  16. A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
    Social-Conflict Approach
  17. The study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between women and men
    Gender-Conflict Theory (Feminist Theory)
  18. Support of social equality for women and men
  19. The study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between people of different racial and ethnic categories
    Race-Conflict Theory
  20. A broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole
    Macro-Level Orientation
  21. A close-up focus on social interaction in specific situations
    Micro-Level Orientation
  22. A framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals
    Symbolic-Interaction Approach
  23. The study of society based on scientific observation of social behavior
    Positivist sociology
  24. A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation
  25. Information that we can't verify with our senses
    Empirical Evidence
  26. A mental construct that represents some aspect of the world in a simplified form
  27. A concept whose value changes from case to case
  28. A procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific case
  29. Specifying exactly what is to be measured before assigning a value to a variable
    Operationalize a valuable
  30. Consistency in measurement
  31. Actually measuring exactly what you intend to measure
  32. A relationship in which two or more variables change together
  33. A relationship in which change in one variable causes change in another
    Cause and Effect
  34. The variable that causes change
    Independent Variable
  35. The variable that changes
    Dependent Variable
  36. An apparent but false relationship between to variables that is caused by some other variable
    Spurious Correlation
  37. Or personal neutrality in conducting research
  38. The study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their social world
    Interpretive Sociology
  39. The study of society that focuses on the need for social change
    Critical Sociology
  40. The personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
  41. A systematic plan for doing research
    Research method
  42. A research method for investigating cause and effect under highly controlled conditions
  43. A statement of possible relationship between two (or more) variables
  44. A research method in which subjects respond to a series of statements or questions on a questionnaire or in an interview
  45. A research method in which investigators systematically observe people while in joining them in their routine activities
    Participant Observation
  46. A simplified description applied to every person in some category
  47. What did Berger say?
    He described "seeing the general in the particular"
  48. Why did durkheim say people committed suicide?
    They had too much freedom and not enough social ties
  49. What did durkheim study?
  50. Who coined the term sociology?
  51. Who introduced the approach of positivism and saw sociology as the product of 3 historical stages (theological stage, metaphysical stage, scientific stage)?
  52. What theory did karl marx take part in?
    social conflict theory
  53. This man founded the NAACP and was the first to earn his doctorates from harvard
    W.E.B. Bois
  54. Who came up with symbolic interaction?
  55. Founded the Hull House
    Jane Adams
  56. What function was orderly and stable?
    structural- functional approach
  57. what is the independent variable, more education will lead to a larger income?